Chapter 2, Harmer (2007)
Prof. Estela N. Braun, Adjunto regular a/c (2013)
Describing the English
Language.
LANGUAGE IN USE
 Task: Analyze the texts provided.
 Formal/informal language
 Different kinds of written/oral language
...
B. What we want to say
 No smoking area. Context/Rules.
 GRAMMAR: form, meaning, use.
 CONTEXT (situation)
 CO-TEXT (l...
PURPOSE
 J. l. Austin/Searle (1962). Doing things with
Words.
 Performatives: I promise, I name you
 Indirect Speech Ac...
APPROPRIACY AND REGISTER
 Would you like to join us for dinner?
 Fancy something to eat?
 There are VARIABLES that gove...
VARIABLES
 SETTING
 PARTICIPANTS
 GENDER
 CHANNEL
 TOPIC
 TONE
 Language is a social construct as much
as it is a m...
Language as TEXT and DICOURSE
 COHERENCE: logical line of reasoning.
 COHESION:
 Lexical (see “Teacher Man”,by Frank Mc...
CONVERSATIONAL DISCOURSE
 Turn taking rules.
 Transactional vs. Interactional
 Moves
 Cooperative principle (Grice, 19...
GENRE:
 Type of written organization that will be
instantly recognized by members of a
discourse community.Goal-oriented ...
GRAMMAR: Parts of speech.
 Manuel se corto con un vidrio.
 Manuel cut himself with a piece of broken glass.
 Discuss: W...
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Chapter 2 Harmer (2007)

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Chapter 2 Harmer (2007)

  1. 1. Chapter 2, Harmer (2007) Prof. Estela N. Braun, Adjunto regular a/c (2013) Describing the English Language.
  2. 2. LANGUAGE IN USE  Task: Analyze the texts provided.  Formal/informal language  Different kinds of written/oral language  MEDIUM they are operating in.  GENRES.  SITUATIONS.  REGISTER.  Which grammar can be used to express those meanings?
  3. 3. B. What we want to say  No smoking area. Context/Rules.  GRAMMAR: form, meaning, use.  CONTEXT (situation)  CO-TEXT (lexis and grammar)
  4. 4. PURPOSE  J. l. Austin/Searle (1962). Doing things with Words.  Performatives: I promise, I name you  Indirect Speech Acts  The study of functions and how they are realised in language has had a profound effect upon the design of ELT materials.
  5. 5. APPROPRIACY AND REGISTER  Would you like to join us for dinner?  Fancy something to eat?  There are VARIABLES that govern our choice of language to achieve a communicative purpose.
  6. 6. VARIABLES  SETTING  PARTICIPANTS  GENDER  CHANNEL  TOPIC  TONE  Language is a social construct as much as it is a mental activity.
  7. 7. Language as TEXT and DICOURSE  COHERENCE: logical line of reasoning.  COHESION:  Lexical (see “Teacher Man”,by Frank Mc Court)Repetition, theme and rheme.  Grammatical Cohesion: tense agreement.  Anaphoric reference.  Substitution, ellipsis.  Linkers or connectors.
  8. 8. CONVERSATIONAL DISCOURSE  Turn taking rules.  Transactional vs. Interactional  Moves  Cooperative principle (Grice, 1975)  Make contributions informative  -Make them true  -Make them relevant  -Avoid obscurity and ambiguity  -Be brief and orderly (Polonius, in Hamlet)
  9. 9. GENRE:  Type of written organization that will be instantly recognized by members of a discourse community.Goal-oriented social process.  Analysis of adverts (Page 31)  DISCOURSE:the sentences and utterances we use are more than a combination of grammar, morphology, lexis.
  10. 10. GRAMMAR: Parts of speech.  Manuel se corto con un vidrio.  Manuel cut himself with a piece of broken glass.  Discuss: What do non-native learners of English need to learn?  Grammar: syntax, semantics, morphology.  Words can trigger the grammatical behaviour of words around them.
  1. ¿Le ha llamado la atención una diapositiva en particular?

    Recortar diapositivas es una manera útil de recopilar información importante para consultarla más tarde.

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