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Categorization: Library of Congress Classification System

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  • Although contemporary libraries increasingly provide access to collections electronically, physical collections still serve an integral function in the library. A great deal of authoritative, reliable, and relevant information is not yet available online. Thus, it is important to understand how a library’s physical collection is organized.

Categorization: Library of Congress Classification System Categorization: Library of Congress Classification System Presentation Transcript

  • Library of Congress Classification System
  • The Library of Congress
    • World’s largest library
    • Built from Thomas Jefferson’s personal library (1815)
    • Also home to U.S. Copyright Office
    • Library of Congress
  • Classification System
    • Allows for a logical organization of materials grouped by subject
    • Similar to the scientific classification for animals or plants. Or the way groceries
    • are arranged in a store.
  • College/ University libraries organize their resources differently
    • Dewey Decimal System
    • K –12 & public libraries
    • Library of Congress (LC)
    • College/ University libraries
  • WHY LC?
    • 98% of academic libraries in the United States use the Library of Congress (LC) classification scheme; it’s the “ national standard ”.
    • Because of the way it is structured, it more easily accommodates scientific and scholarly titles and more nimbly allows for the inclusion of new subjects.
    • LC makes finer distinctions among disciplines and subjects than Dewey, making it more likely that books on the same or similar topics will be found near each other. This will make it easier for you to find books on your topics.
  • Dewey Decimal System
    • 000-099 General Knowledge
    • 100-199 Psychology & Philosophy
    • 200-299 Religions & Mythology
    • 300-399 Social Sciences & Folklore
    • 400-499 Languages & Grammar
    • 500-599 Math & Science
    • 600-699 Medicine & Technology
    • 700-799 Arts & Entertainment
    • 800-899 Literature
    • 900-999 History & Geography
  • Library of Congress Classification
    • Alpha-Numeric System
    • Major Subject Headings are Alphabetical
    • 1 st Line of the call number represents one of the subject divisions of the system
  • Basic Library of Congress Scheme
  • Dewey vs. LC
    • Dewey Decimal System
    • 300s –social sciences
        • Call number:
        • 363
        • .70525
        • FR
    • Library of Congress System
    • GE –environmental sciences
        • Call number:
        • GE
        • 197
        • .F75
        • 2008
  • Reading the LC Call Number
  • Reading the LC Call Number
  • Reading the LC Call Number
  • How to Find a Call Number Read left to right, top to bottom
  • How to Find a Call Number Read left to right, top to bottom K 58 M35X 1999 KF 49 C65 1998 KF 14 D55 X KF 14.15 C35X A2 KFK 1230 D12 2001 KFK 1230 D8 1994 49 may come before 58 BUT K comes before KF C may come before D BUT 14 comes before 14.15 1994 may come before 2001 BUT .12 comes before .80
  • F26 M36 P14 2004 Which one comes first? F264 L14 S22 2001 Example 1 Example 2
  • ML 3534 .P37 1987 ML 3534 .F6 1986 Which one comes first? Example 1 Example 2
  • Which one comes first? TG 25 N53 S5 1983 TG 25 N53 M32 1982 Example 1 Example 2
  • Which one comes first?
    • PS
    • 3511.19
    • Z86.34
    PS 3511.19 Z86.112 Example 1 Example 2
  •  
  • Location Designations
  • Location Designations
  •  
  • How are books in college and university libraries organized? BY SUBJECT, USING THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM Key point: