Finland, officially the
republic of Finland, is a
Nordic country situated
in the Fennoscandian
region of Northern
It is bordered by Sweden
to the west, Norway to
the north, Russia to the
east and Estonia to the
south across the Gulf of
Åland is a demilitarized
region of Finland. It is a
Finland is a sparsely populated country. It’s 5.4 million
inhabitants are concentrated mainly in the southern and
→ Finland`s total area is 303 890.89 km2
→ The capital of Finland Helsinki→
→ Official languages Finnish & Swedish→
→ Religion Lutheranism→
→ Independence 6 December 1917→
→ Population 5,421,827→
∗ Finland was first inhabited by the Sami people as early as
10 000 years ago.
∗ Christianity was spread in
Finland through Sweden and
∗ The area of Finland was
diveded by the two powers in
Under the swedish rule
∗ Most of the Finnish region was a part of the Kingdom
of Sweden from the 13th century to 1809.
∗ 1809 vast majority of the Finnish-speaking areas of
Sweden were ceded to the Russian Empire.
∗ Finland was named the autonomous Grand Duchy of
∗ December 1917, Finland declared independence.
∗ A civil war between the Finnish Red Guards and the
White Guard started in january 1918.
∗ "Whites" won the war.
∗ Later on Finland became a rebublic.
∗ During the second world war Finland fought two wars
against Russia: Winter war and continuation war.
∗ After the peace with Russia, Finland had to drive away
the German troops from Lappland.
∗ Independence remained.
Second world war
∗ During the Cold war
Finland had to balance
between the east and
the west as a neutral
∗ Finland joined the European Union in 1995.
∗ Old currency was replaced with the Euro in 2002.
∗ Finland is still a neutral country.