Note taking is an important skill to develop.
While you are reading take careful notes.
Focus on your thesis statement.
Organize your thoughts by creating several
main ideas or topic sentences for each
Common knowledge information does not
have to be cited.
What questions to you have about your
Focus on answering the questions-
Tools to Use
3 x 5 Note Cards
Web Tools (such as EasyBib or NoodleTools)
Idea/mind mapping strategies
Organize Your Ideas
Gaines; Ace Your Research Paper (p21)
Quotations are original phrases or
passages from a book, article, poem etc.
Use quotes for persuasion or to point out
Do not overuse quotes- only 10% of your
paper should include direct quotes.
Example of a quote:
“…so it goes with Agent Orange, a potent
herbicide used as a defoliant during the
Vietnam War. The U.S. military deployed
almost 20 million gallons (76 millions liters) of
herbicides from 1962 to 1971 [source:
Veterans Administration]. Among these
substances, Agent Orange was the most
used herbicide, around 11 million gallons
(42 million liters) deployed from January
1965 through April 1970.” (Silverman 1-2)
A paraphrase is…
Your own rendition of essential information
and ideas presented in a new form.
4 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing
1. Reread the original passage until you
understand its full meaning
2. Set the original aside and without looking
at it write a paraphrase
3. Check your original with the paraphrase to
make sure your information is accurate but
do not copy word for word
4. Record the source & page numbers on
Example of paraphrasing
Between 1962 and 1971, US Forces sprayed
nearly 20 million gallons of a toxic herbicide
in Vietnam, more than one half was a
chemical nicknamed “Agent Orange.”
A summary is a short overview written in
your own words.
Includes only the main ideas.
Is shorter than a paraphrase.
Example of a Summary
Between 1965 and 1970, 11 million gallons of
Agent Orange were sprayed in Vietnam.
Creating Note Cards
Between 1965 and 1970, 11 million
gallons of Agent Orange were sprayed
Agent Orange- History
Silverman,J.; Use of Agent
Orange & It’s Effects,5/09
Book Title & Date
Creating an Outline
I. Introduction/Thesis Statement
II. History of Agent Orange
a. Uses / time period
III. Chemical Warfare/Vietnam
a. Human life
Write, Reflect, Revise
Write again, Reflect again, Revise again
Bentley, Nancy. Don't Be a Copycat!: Write a Great Report without
Plagiarizing. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Elementary, 2008. Print.
Gaines, Ann. Ace Your Research Paper. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2009.
"Purdue OWL: Paraphrase Exercises." Purdue University Online Writing Lab
(OWL). Web. 07 Feb. 2012.
Revisions. Digital image. Click Biology.com. 2 Apr. 2010. Web. 11 Feb. 2012.
Silverman, Jacob. "How Agent Orange Worked" 04 November
2008. HowStuffWorks.com. <http://www.howstuffworks.com/agent-
orange.htm> 11 February 2012.
Terban, Marvin. Ready! Set! Research! New York: Scholastic, 2007. Print.