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Francis bacon

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  • 1. FRANCIS BACON Landon Harris
  • 2. BACKGROUND INFO• Sir Francis Bacon• January 22nd, 1561 – April 9th, 1626• Nationality: English• Natural philosopher; lord chancellor of England; scientific revolution
  • 3. BACKGROUND INFO CONT.• Anne Cooke & Sir Nicholas Bacon; youngest son• Trinity College, Cambridge• Disliked standard academic philosophy• 1576 – Gray’s Inn law school• Father’s death at 18• Gained seat in parliament at 23• Career suffered w/ relatives (Cecil family)• Earl of Essex favor/refusal
  • 4. POPULAR WORKS• Various essays - 1597• The Advancement of Learning – 1605• On Ancient Wisdom – 1609• The Beginning of the History of Great Britain - 1610• Novum Organum – 1620• History of the Reign of King Henry VII – 1622• New Atlantis – 1627
  • 5. SOME ACHIEVEMENTS• Knighted at James’ 1 st accession• Treasurer of Gray’s Inn – 1608• Attorney General – 1613• Lord Chancellor – 1618• Baron Verulam – 1618• Viscount St. Albans – 1621
  • 6. FUN FACTS• Founding father of scientific revolution• 1621, found guilty of bribery• Married a 14 year old, Alice Barnham• Died of pneumonia in 1626
  • 7. THE ADVANCEMENT OF LEARNING EXCERPTFor I am well assured that this which I shall say is no amplification at all, but a positive and measured truth; which is, that there hath not been since Christstime any king or temporal monarch which hath been so learned in all literatureand erudition, divine and human. For let a man seriously and diligently revolve and peruse the succession of the Emperors of Rome, of which Caesar theDictator (who lived some years before Christ) and Marcus Antoninus were thebest learned, and so descend to the Emperors of Graecia, or of the West, and then to the lines of France, Spain, England, Scotland, and the rest, and he shall find this judgment is truly made.
  • 8. 16TH CENTURY• Graphite pencil invented – 1565• Bottled beer – 1568• Mercator map projection – 1569• Knitting machine (stocking frame) – 1589• Water thermometer – 1593• Artwork was very natural; flowers, trees, everyday life, etc.• Homes were of “half-timbering” style• Music ranged from ballads to simple tones from guitars and lutes.
  • 9. 16TH CENTURY CONT.• Political issues and religion clashed• 1517 – Luther challenged church (Germany)• 1558 – Elizabeth named queen• 1579 – California claimed for England• April Fools came about; New calendar issued• “Bloody Mary” tried to counter Protestant Reformation
  • 10. 17TH CENTURY• Refracting telescope – 1608• Human powered submarine – 1620• Blood transfusion – 1624• Steam turbine – 1629• More so classical music• Realistic, yet religious, artwork (paintings, mostly)
  • 11. 17TH CENTURY CONT.• 1603 – Queen Elizabeth dies• 1605 – Gunpowder plot (Jesuit Treason) failed• 1616 – Shakespeare dies• 1642 – English Civil War• 1647 – 7 year old becomes sultan (Constantinople)• 1663 – Robert Hooke discovers cells
  • 12. WORKS CITED"Bacon, Sir Francis (1561-1626)." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale World History In Context. Web. 12 Jan. 2012."Francis Bacon." Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. Ed. Paul F. Grendler. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 2000. Gale World History In Context. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.Jokinen, Anniina. "Sixteenth Century Renaissance English Literature: Background Information." Luminarium: Anthology of English Literature. 3 Apr. 1996. Web. 12 Jan. 2012."Francis Bacon." Science and Its Times. Ed. Neil Schlager and Josh Lauer. Vol. 3. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale World History In Context. Web. 10 Jan. 2012.