B9 Presentation

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B9 Coal will employ a unique combination of keystone technologies; Linc Energy's underground coal gasification (UCG) and AFC Energy’s alkaline fuel cells to generate low-cost electricity with upwards of 90% carbon capture. This world-leading template has the potential to transform coal from the dirtiest fossil fuel to the cleanest.

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B9 Presentation

  1. 1. B9 Coal<br />Deploying Fuel Cells to Generate Cheap,<br />Clean Electricity from Fossil Fuels<br />
  2. 2. The next step in the CCS revolution…<br />B9 Coal present the next step in the CCS clean energy revolution employing a unique Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell (IGFC) process<br />Addressingboth the rising cost of energyand the need to reduce global CO2 emissions it combines the gasification of coal with the use of hydrogento generate electricity with fuel cells<br />Key advantages of IGFC power plants<br /><ul><li>Efficiency
  3. 3. Cost of the CCS
  4. 4. Captures upwards of 90% CO2
  5. 5. Lower cost
  6. 6. Flexible output
  7. 7. High reliability
  8. 8. Lower environmental footprint
  9. 9. Scaleable</li></ul>…transforming coal from the dirtiest fossil fuel to the cleanest<br />
  10. 10. B9 Coal<br />A revolution in clean energy generation<br />Surface Coal Gasification<br />(SCG)<br />AFC Energy’s Alkaline Fuel Cell System<br />Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)<br />Carbon Transport and Storage<br />Gas Separation<br />
  11. 11. Gasification<br />Coal can be reacted at high temperatures with a controlled amount of oxygen to produce synthesis gas (syngas)<br />
  12. 12. Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)<br />Gasifying coal in situ carries additional commercial and environmental advantages<br />
  13. 13. Gas Separation<br />Syngas is cleaned of impurities and split into near pure streams of hydrogen and carbon dioxide<br />
  14. 14. AFC Energy’s Alkaline Fuel Cell<br />The most efficient way of producing electricity from hydrogen<br />
  15. 15. Large Scale Energy Generation<br />Using the hydrogen from syngas AFC Energy’s fuel cell system is the cheapest,<br />cleanest and most flexible way to produce electricity from fossil fuels<br />Confidential – B9 Coal<br />
  16. 16. Carbon Transport and Storage<br />Captured carbon dioxide is compressed, transported and stored in geological structures to prevent its escape into the atmosphere<br />Ship Transport<br /><ul><li>Trucks or ships are suitable for transportation of small volumes or over long distances
  17. 17. CO2 is liquefied for ship transport
  18. 18. Shipping of liquefied CO2 similar to shipping liquefied petroleum gases (LPG)</li></ul>Compression<br /><ul><li>Compressed to reduce volume
  19. 19. Compressed to dense phase >90bar</li></ul>Pipeline Transport<br /><ul><li>Compressed CO2 is transported in a dense, liquid like phase
  20. 20. Better economically and environmentally than shipping
  21. 21. Large-scale transportation of CO2in pipelines has taken place for over 30 years in the US
  22. 22. Case Study: Snøhvit project, North Sea
  23. 23. Came on stream in 2007, transports 700,000 tonnes CO2 per year for 145km from a liquid natural gas facility to the Snøhvit oil and gas field</li></ul>Saline Aquifers<br /><ul><li>Aquifers are sandstone formations that hold saline water
  24. 24. CO2 is pumped into the sandstone, filling the pore spaces
  25. 25. Largest capacity storage options
  26. 26. Case Study: The Sleipner Project, North Sea250km off coast of Norway, around 1 million tonnes CO2 removed from the Sleipner West Gas Field per annum and injected into aquifer 800m below seabed</li></ul>Saline Aquifer<br />Depleted Gas/Oil Field<br />Depleted gas fields<br /><ul><li>Sandstone formations that held natural gas
  27. 27. The shale cap which once prevented the gas from escaping now holds in the CO2
  28. 28. Potential field location and geology already well known
  29. 29. Reduced costs - number of existing pipelines and rigs could be used
  30. 30. Confidence - millions of tonnes of gas and oil already stored securely
  31. 31. UK well suited - close to North Sea gas fields</li></li></ul><li>B9 Coal<br />A revolution in clean energy generation<br />Surface Coal Gasification<br />(SCG)<br />AFC Energy’s Alkaline Fuel Cell System<br />Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)<br />Carbon Transport and Storage<br />Gas Separation<br />
  32. 32. B9 Coal present…<br />Clean Potential for upwards of 90% carbon capture<br />Green Small footprint power plants: no turbines or other heavy infrastructure; AFC Energy’s fuel cells are made from lightweight recyclable materials and cartridges are refurbishable<br />Efficient Alkaline fuel cells are the most efficient way of converting hydrogen to electricity; carbon capture as part of the process with no loss of efficiency<br />Low cost Minimal infrastructure means low capital costs; AFC Energy’s fuel cells are cheap to manufacture; low running costs as fuel cell maintenance is simple<br />Small footprint No turbines, minimal infrastructure<br />Fully scalable Modular nature of the fuel cells means capacity can be increased to meet demand<br />Load following Modular fuel cell system allows output to be increased or decreased with no loss in efficiency<br />Reliable Alkaline Fuel Cells are 99.999% reliable as they are a solid state technology<br />…a game-changing clean energy proposition<br />
  33. 33. B9 Projects in action…<br />Project plan <br /><ul><li>Powerfuel is constructing a large scale IGCC power station with carbon capture capability at Hatfield site
  34. 34. Initial construction will involve 800 MW combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) facility optimised for 'syngas' conversion and operation
  35. 35. Powerfuel to convert CCGT plant into 900 MW IGCC power station fuelled by extensive coal resources at Hatfield colliery
  36. 36. The syngas can be used to produce hydrogen as a feedstock for 330 MW of alkaline fuel cells power generation</li></ul>…300MW installation alongside IGCC plant<br />
  37. 37. B9 Coal…<br />B9 Coal’slow cost, flexible, clean energy proposition will revolutionise the way we produce electricity, providing an essential step in the move to a low carbonfuture and acting as a global template for clean energy generation.<br />…the future of clean energy<br />

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