20th Century Schools                                               SCHOOL 100 YEARS AGO              Effective Education  ...
20th Century Schools                                                   Defining 21st Century Learning     SCHOOL TODAY    ...
Learning Research                                                                                                         ...
Learning Research                                                                                         Learning Researc...
Partnership for 21st Century Skills                                              RESEARCH     THE FOUR ‘Cs”          • Cre...
Learning Research                                                       Learning Research COMPUTER LEARNING + BLENDED LEAR...
20th Century Schools                                                        20th Century Schools                          ...
21st Century Schools                                                 21st Century Schools                                 ...
21st Century Furniture                                                   21st Century Learning SpacesAGILE, FLEXIBLE      ...
21st Century Learning Spaces                                                                      21st Century Learning Sp...
Hull Academies Learning Centre                                                          Applied Technology Center Canby HS...
Forest Avenue School K-2 Center                                                                  Forest Avenue School K-2 ...
Wooranna Park Primary School                                 Wooranna Park Primary School MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA            ...
Saltire Centre                                                              Saltire Centre  CALEDONIAN UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW...
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  1. 1. 20th Century Schools SCHOOL 100 YEARS AGO Effective Education Innovative Learning People, Process + Places Frank Locker PhD, AIA, REFP fl@franklocker.com © 2011 Frank Locker Inc20th Century Schools 20th Century Schools SCHOOL 75 YEARS AGO SCHOOL 50 YEARS AGO20th Century Schools 20th Century Schools SCHOOL TODAY SCHOOL TODAY 1
  2. 2. 20th Century Schools Defining 21st Century Learning SCHOOL TODAY Daniel Pink Wired Magazine Thomas Friedman A Whole New Mind World is Flat Thomas Friedman Hot, Flat + Crowded Daniel Goleman Emotional Intelligence What is Wrong with this Picture? Howard Matthew Gardner Crawford Frames of Shop Class as Mind SoulcraftDefining 21st Century Learning 21st Century Learning Tony Wagner th 20 CENTURY 21st CENTURY Global Achievement CENTURY OF THE TEACHER CENTURY OF THE LEARNER Gap •Subjects •RelationshipsClayton •Teacher is holder of •Teacher is a guideChristianson knowledgeDisrupting •Teacher works alone •Teacher collaboration + teamsClass •Subjects taught separately •Integrated/interdisciplinary learning Trilling + •Students work alone •Cooperative learning Fadel •Content is abstracted •Relevant 21st Century Skills •Mostly lectures+ papers •Problem-based/project-based learning •Tests •Authentic evaluations •“Broadcast” teaching •Personalized learning •Content is abstracted from •Real world connections; School Rigor + Relevance world outside relies on outside experts Handbook • Memorization •Critical thinking skills • Electives •Themed leaning, academies21st Century Learning th 21st Century Learning20 CENTURY 21st CENTURYCENTURY OF THE TEACHER CENTURY OF THE LEARNER•Producing citizens for an •Producing citizens for a post- Virtual Critical Thinkingindustrial age industrial age Engaged•Circumstance•Tradition-based •Choice •Research-based Integrated Relationships•One model of teaching •Many models of teaching Creative•Few ways to learn •Many ways to learn Collaborative Active + Applied Relevant Out of School Sharing Resources Personalized Interdisciplinary Student Centered Make Learning Visible Schedule/Timetable 2
  3. 3. Learning Research Learning Research LEARNING PYRAMID MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES • Rate of retention of different modes of learning Howard GardnerACTIVE LEARNING HAS MORE • There are eight or more intelligencesRETENTION THAN • People are strong in some, not in others PASSIVE • Every student’s education should engage LEARNING natural strengths, so they can develop others NTL for Applied Behavioral Science Darleen Fabio Graduate Student, Educational Technology,SDSULearning Research Learning Research MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES RELATIONSHIPS MAGIC OF 150 Dunbar’s Number The theoretical cognitive limit to the number of people with whom one can maintain stable social Howard relationships. These are relationships in which an Gardner individual knows who each person is, and how each person relates to every other person. 150 is really 100 to 225 • There are eight or more intelligences • People are strong in some, not in others GOOGLE THE • Every student’s education should engage “MAGIC OF 150” natural strengths, so they can develop others Darleen Fabio Graduate Student, Educational Technology,SDSULearning Research Learning Research RIGOR + RELEVANCE RIGOR + RELEVANCE Elementary EVALUATION 6 STATES OF KNOWLEDGE School C D BLOOM’S TAXONOMY SYNTHESIS ANALYSIS 5 4 Assimilation Adaptation A D Acquisition Adaptation APPLICATION 3 • Put words together in • Publish a brochure sentence format • Collect data on an event and COMPREHENSION 2 A Acquisition B Application compare it to expected results, AWARENESS 1 • Memorize such as the number of faulty multiplication tables parts manufactured 1 2 3 4 5 KNOWLEDGE APPLY APPLY TO • Demonstrate phases • Design a candy dispenser that ACROSS REAL-WORLD IN ONE DISCIPLINE DISCIPLINES UNPREDICABLE of the moon works without gravity SITUATIONS APPLY APPLY TO • Memorize names, • Research a location in the U.S. IN ONE REAL-WORLD DISCIPLINE PREDICABLE locations, and capital and explain why it is a good SITUATIONS APPLICATION cities of U.S. states place to live Source: International Center for Leadership in Education WWW.LeaderEd.com International Center for Leadership in Education WWW.LeaderEd.com 3
  4. 4. Learning Research Learning Research RIGOR + RELEVANCE PARTNERSHIP FOR 21ST CENTURY SKILLS High School A D Acquisition Adaptation • Write an essay on an • Develop guidelines for historical topic publishing content on Internet pages • Solve and graph linear equations • Create formulas to predict changes in stock market values • Memorize elements in Periodic Table • Design and construct a robot • Research key aspects • Analyze a school/community of the state problem, suggest a solution, constitution and prepare a plan to solve it. Source: International Center for Leadership in Education WWW.LeaderEd.com Partnership for 21st Century SkillsPartnership for 21st Century Skills Partnership for 21st Century Skills STCORE ACADEMIC AREAS 21 CENTURY THEMES • English/Reading • Global Awareness • World Languages • Financial, Economic, • The Arts Business + • Mathematics Entrepreneurial Literacy • Science • Civic Literacy • Geography • Health Literacy • History • Government/Civics Multi-Disciplinary Still matter a great deal but are no longer sufficient Weave through content areas Charles Fadel: Deep Dives in the 21st Century Curriculum Charles Fadel: Deep Dives in the 21st Century CurriculumPartnership for 21st Century Skills ST Partnership for 21st Century Skills STCORE ACADEMICAREAS 21 CENTURY THEMES 21 CENTURY SKILLS • English/Reading • Global Awareness LEARNING + INFORMATION, MEDIA • World Languages • Financial, Economic, INNOVATION + TECHNOLOGY • The Arts Business + SKILLS SKILLS Entrepreneurial • Creativity + innovation • Information Literacy • Mathematics Literacy • Critical thinking + • Media Literacy • Science • Civic Literacy problem solving • ICT (Information, • Geography • Communication Communication + • Health Literacy • Collaboration Technology) Literacy • History • Government/Civics LIFE + CAREER SKILLS • Flexibility + adaptability • Initiative + self direction Global Awareness = • Social + cross-cultural Geography + Languages + History + Sociology + skills • Productivity + Music + Art accountability • Leadership + responsibility Charles Fadel: Deep Dives in the 21st Century Curriculum Partnership for 21st Century Skills 4
  5. 5. Partnership for 21st Century Skills RESEARCH THE FOUR ‘Cs” • Creativity + innovation • Critical thinking + problem solving • Communication • Collaboration Craig Jerald: Defining a 21st Century Education Partnership for 21st Century SkillsRESEARCH RESEARCH Craig Jerald: Defining a 21st Century Education Craig Jerald: Defining a 21st Century EducationLearning Research Defining 21st Century Learning BLOOMS TAXONOMY VIRTUAL LEARNING DISRUPTING CLASS Clayton Christensen •By 2014, 25% of HS courses will be on line •By 2019, 50% of HS courses will be on line 5
  6. 6. Learning Research Learning Research COMPUTER LEARNING + BLENDED LEARNING COMPUTER LEARNING + BLENDED LEARNINGDefining 21st Century Learning Café ParisienMASSACHUSETTS DEPT OF EDUCATION ARLINGTON, MA, HIGH SCHOOL PROJECT REQUIREMENTS • Business plan • Outside experts • Real estate analysis • Talk to students in (in Paris) France • Café name • Location mapping • Café space design • Business plan • Café menu design spreadsheets • Nutrition analysis • Menu graphics • Set prices for menu • Model of design (Euros) • Presentation to “jury” • Correlation of location-market demographics-menu- space design • Speak French Arlington HS 11th Grade French ClassCafé Parisien Café Parisien ARLINGTON, MA, HIGH SCHOOL ARLINGTON, MA, HIGH SCHOOL Arlington HS 11th Grade French Class Arlington HS 11th Grade French Class 6
  7. 7. 20th Century Schools 20th Century Schools MEXICO VERSION C C C C C C C C C 20th Century Schools 21st Century Schools C C EC C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C BB CB E F CB D A REALLY SMALL, SMALL, MEDIUM, BIG, + REALLY BIG SPACES 21st Century Schools 21st Century Schools C C E BB CB E C C C C C C F C C E E E CB E BB BB BB BB D A CB E CB E CB E CB E F F F F C C CB CB CB CB E BB D A D A D A D A CB E F CB MULTIPLES OF D A MULTIPLES OF REALLY SMALL, SMALL, REALLY SMALL, SMALL, MEDIUM, BIG, + MEDIUM, BIG, + REALLY BIG SPACES REALLY BIG SPACES 7
  8. 8. 21st Century Schools 21st Century Schools NEW CLASSROOM CONCEPTS • What is and where is a classroom? C C E BB CB E F C C C CB E B BB D A CB E F CB D A CB E CB D MULTIPLES OF REALLY SMALL, SMALL, F MEDIUM, BIG, + A REALLY BIG SPACES20th Century Furniture 20th + 21st Century Furniture21st Century Furniture 21st Century Furniture COLLABORATION VS Furniture 8
  9. 9. 21st Century Furniture 21st Century Learning SpacesAGILE, FLEXIBLE RM REAL ENTRE UK, USA, AUSTRALIA VS Furniture RMeducation21st Century Learning Spaces 21st Century Learning SpacesAGILE, FLEXIBLE STUDIOS NOT CLASSROOMS VS Furniture21st Century Learning Spaces 21st Century Learning SpacesMAKE LEARNING VISIBLE MAKE LEARNING VISIBLE High Tech High, David Stephen, Designer High Tech High, David Stephen, Designer 9
  10. 10. 21st Century Learning Spaces 21st Century Learning SpacesMAKE LEARNING VISIBLE FLEXIBLE, AGILE SPACES Leigh Academy, Building Design Partnership Cristo Rey Jesuit School, Minneapolis, MN Fielding Nair International21st Century Learning Spaces Hull Academies Learning Centre MULTILE LEARNING MODALITIES HULL, UK Grand Rapids Christian High School, Frank Locker Educational Planning/ AMDG Architects Frank Locker Educational PlanningHull Academies Learning Centre Hull Academies Learning Centre HULL, UK HULL, UK Frank Locker Educational Planning Frank Locker Educational Planning 10
  11. 11. Hull Academies Learning Centre Applied Technology Center Canby HS, Canby, OR HULL, UK COMMUNI- BIO-AG CATIONS ENGINEERING Sports Hall Café/ Practical Activity LRC Teaching Hall Spaces Assembly Hall BOARD •Variety of ROOM Learning Styles •Integrated Learning Performance Teaching •Integrating •Community Service Spaces Technology •Flexible Learning Spaces Frank Locker Educational Planning Dull, Olson, Weekes ArchitectsApplied Technology Center Canby HS, Canby, OR Applied Technology Center Canby HS, Canby, OR TEACHER OFFICE •Thematic Learning •Academic & Technical Learning •Project-Based Learning Dull, Olson, Weekes Architects Dull, Olson, Weekes ArchitectsMiddletown Public Schools COPERATIVE Middletown Public Schools COPERATIVE MIDDLETOWN, RI, USA LEARNING MIDDLETOWN, RI, USA LEARNING TEACHERS WORKING TOGETHER LARGE GROUP EVENTS COPERATIVE COPERATIVE LEARNING CAVES COPERATIVE LEARNING LEARNING 11
  12. 12. Forest Avenue School K-2 Center Forest Avenue School K-2 Centre MIDDLETOWN, RI MIDDLETOWN, RI, USA Teacher Teams, Multi-Age, Flexible Student Groups Frank Locker/Fielding Nair International Educational Planners Litman Architects Frank Locker/Fielding Nair International Educational Planners Litman ArchitectsForest Avenue School K-2 Centre Forest Avenue School K-2 Centre MIDDLETOWN, RI, USA MIDDLETOWN, RI, USATeacher TeacherTeams, Teams,Multi-Age, Multi-Age, 2 3 4Flexible FlexibleStudent StudentGroups Groups PROJECT/ 4 Core TUTORIAL Teachers + AREA 2 Spl Ed 1 Teachers + COMMONS Specialists with TEACHER STAGE 85 Students CENTER Frank Locker/Fielding Nair International Educational Planners Litman Architects Frank Locker/Fielding Nair International Educational Planners Litman ArchitectsForest Avenue School K-2 Centre Forest Avenue School K-2 Centre MIDDLETOWN, RI, USA MIDDLETOWN, RI, USA COMMONS TEACHER STAGE CENTER Frank Locker/Fielding Nair International Educational Planners Litman Architects Frank Locker/Fielding Nair International Educational Planners Litman Architects 12
  13. 13. Wooranna Park Primary School Wooranna Park Primary School MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA • Year 5 + 6 • 110 Students • Teacher Teams • Activity Zones • Project-Based Learning BEFORE AFTER • High Poverty • Test Scores at 36% - 73% vs 12% Expected per Student Family Occupation Mary Featherston Designer Mary Featherston DesignerWooranna Park Primary School Saltire Centre MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA CALEDONIAN UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW STACKS + 4 QUIET STUDY STUDENT 3 SERVICES 2 1 HELP DESK FOOD + OPEN STUDY ENTRY LEVEL Mary Featherston Designer Building Design PartnershipSaltire Centre Saltire Centre CALEDONIAN UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW CALEDONIAN UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW Background: • learning café 2001 • developing group learning environments • creating other environments • move to providing high- quality accessible learning environments Building Design Partnership 13
  14. 14. Saltire Centre Saltire Centre CALEDONIAN UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW CALEDONIAN UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW Building Design Partnership Building Design PartnershipSaltire Centre Saltire Centre CALEDONIAN UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW CALEDONIAN UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW Building Design Partnership Building Design PartnershipSteelcase LEARNING LAB Learning Outside the Box http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= CnU58hbYN1M&feature=related 6 minutes+- 14

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