They are usually large plain buildings in industrial areas.
They come equipped with loading docks to load and unload trucks.
They also often have cranes and forklifts for moving goods.
They usually work under ISO standards.
Warehouse - Important
Some warehouses are completely automated, with no workers working inside.
The pallets and products are moved and coordinated by programmable logic controllers and computers running logistics automation software.
Why Automated Warehouses?
The main reasons are:
To keep the product from spoiling,
Land is expensive, as automated storage systems can use vertical space efficiently.
Warehouse - WMS
A warehouse management system, or WMS, is a key part of the supply chain; its goals are:
to control the movement and storage of materials.
To process the associated transactions, including shipping, receiving, putaway and picking.
To optimize stock putaway.
Warehouse - Nowadays
Traditional warehousing has been declining since the last decades of the 20th century with the gradual introduction of Just In Time (JIT).
Warehouse - JIT
Just In Time (JIT) is a technique designed to improve the return on investment of a business by reducing in-process inventory.
Warehouse - JIT
It promotes the delivery of product directly from the factory to the retail merchant, or from parts manufacturers directly to a large scale factory such as an automobile assembly plant, without the use of warehouses.
Warehouse - JIT Important
However, with the gradual implementation of offshore outsourcing the distance between the manufacturer and the retailer grew considerably, necessitating at least one warehouse per country or per region in any typical supply chain for a given range of products.
Lico Reis Consultoria & Línguas Prof. Lico Reis www.licoreis.com [email_address]