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WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
WW II  1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW
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WW II 1939- 1945 COMPLETE REVIEW

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  • 1. WWII
  • 2. Causes of WWII <ul><li>1) Great Depression : Worldwide economic crisis puts too much stress on many countries </li></ul><ul><li>2) Treaty of Versailles : Unfair treaty after WWI punished Germany too severely </li></ul><ul><li>3) Failure of the League of Nations : League was too weak to stop Japanese, Italian, & German aggression </li></ul><ul><li>4) Japanese Aggression: Japanese military takes over Manchuria (part of China; 1931) </li></ul>
  • 3. Causes of WWII <ul><li>5) Italian Aggression : Italy attacks Ethiopia; 1935 </li></ul><ul><li>6) German Aggression : After taking Austria and Czechoslovakia, Hitler invades Poland </li></ul>
  • 4. The World in the 1930’s <ul><li>The Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled by dictator Joseph Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian government: the government and every aspect of the peoples’ lives is controlled by one party </li></ul><ul><li>5 year plans forced USSR to modernize </li></ul><ul><li>Execution & torture of political enemies </li></ul>
  • 5. It a ly <ul><li>Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini in power </li></ul><ul><li>Fascism = militarism, extreme nationalism (my country is always right) and total loyalty to the leader “Il Duce” </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded and took over Ethiopia; 1935 </li></ul>
  • 6. Germany <ul><li>Germany kept taking more and more land from its neighbors while the League of Nations did nothing. Rhineland, Sudetenland, Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Adolph Hitler & Nazi Party came to power by blaming Jews for Treaty of Versailles along with most of Germany's problems </li></ul><ul><li>Fascist Government </li></ul><ul><li>German invasion of Poland caused WWII in Europe </li></ul>
  • 7. Japan <ul><li>Depression hurt Japanese economy </li></ul><ul><li>Military took over </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor Hirohito </li></ul><ul><li>Superior Japanese would conquer all of Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded Manchuria, China; 1931 </li></ul>
  • 8. USA <ul><li>President: FDR </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign policy of isolationism (WWI) </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on Western Hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>Good Neighbor policy in Latin America </li></ul>
  • 9. WWII Begins <ul><li>1937; Asia: </li></ul><ul><li>Japan begins total war with China </li></ul><ul><li>The Rape of Nanking: 300,000 civilians & POW’s killed in 6 weeks </li></ul>
  • 10.  
  • 11. Europe <ul><li>Hitler kept taking more and more land </li></ul><ul><li>UK & France thought he would stop </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to give Czechoslovakia to Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Appeasement at Munich </li></ul>Peace in our time. Sucker!
  • 12.  
  • 13. War in Europe <ul><li>Summer, 1939: Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact </li></ul><ul><li>September, 1939: -Blitzkrieg- Germany Invades Poland.– England & France declare war on Germany & its allies; Italy & Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>1940 Germany Invades France successfully using Manstein Plan (like Schleiffen Plan) </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact </li></ul>
  • 15. German Invasion of Poland
  • 16. Germany Conquers France using Manstein Plan
  • 17. Axis vs. Allies <ul><li>Axis </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Allies </li></ul><ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>USSR </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul>
  • 18. US Moves Toward War <ul><li>1) Cash & Carry , Old Destroyers to UK. </li></ul><ul><li>2) More $ for the military, 1 st peace-time draft declared </li></ul><ul><li>3) June 1941: Hitler launches surprise attack on Soviet Union breaking non-aggression pact </li></ul><ul><li>4) Lend-Lease Act : March 1941, allowed US to sell or lease military supplies to the Allies including U.S.S.R. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this isolationism? </li></ul></ul>
  • 19. On December 7 th 1941 the Japanese Navy attacked the US Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawai’i
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24. The U.S.S. Arizona continues to leak oil in this 2004 photograph
  • 25.  
  • 26. WHY did the Japanese attack the United States?
  • 27. Because <ul><li>1) The U.S, was conducting an embargo which kept the Japanese from acquiring the raw materials and petroleum they needed to keep their war machine going </li></ul><ul><li>2) The Japanese knew that war with the U.S. was inevitable, so they hoped to destroy our navy before the war started. </li></ul>
  • 28. Results of the Attack <ul><li>2,388 people were killed and another 1,178 were wounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Though the U.S. Navy lost several ships and many planes, the damages were not critical. </li></ul><ul><li>Did not damage aircraft carriers. The US will use those carriers to defeat Japan in a few years </li></ul>
  • 29. Reactions to the attack
  • 30. Reactions to the attack <ul><li>US citizens want revenge </li></ul>
  • 31. Reactions to the attack <ul><li>Congress declares war on Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Italy declare war on US </li></ul>
  • 32.  
  • 33. The United States Goes to War <ul><li>Training : Army, Navy, & Air Force bases constructed all over the country to train combat troops. </li></ul><ul><li>Women joined armed forces, not allowed in combat, many female pilots used for cargo flights </li></ul>
  • 34. Production <ul><li>Government takes control of economy during the war </li></ul><ul><li>War Production Board: government agency in charge of the economy. Helped factories convert to making military goods </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment went way down, production went way up, Depression over </li></ul>
  • 35. Rationing <ul><li>Most factories were producing military goods, so consumer goods became scarce. </li></ul><ul><li>The government limited amount of goods people could buy. Americans had to use coupons to buy many products. No coupons = no products </li></ul><ul><li>Victory Gardens: Americans encouraged to grow their own food </li></ul><ul><li>Government paid for the war by raising taxes and selling bonds </li></ul>
  • 36. Women & the Economy <ul><li>Similar to WWI, many women worked in factories producing military goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 5 million women worked </li></ul><ul><li>Many won better wages & hours </li></ul><ul><li>War work made women more confident in themselves </li></ul>
  • 37. African Americans <ul><li>Many African Americans joined the segregated military </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to WWI, many African Americans moved to northern cities for factory work </li></ul><ul><li>Double “V” Campaign : Victory in war & victory against discrimination at home. Reduced job discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans served in all branches of armed forces </li></ul><ul><li>Tuskegee Airmen: group of very successful, heroic African American fighter pilots </li></ul>
  • 38. Japanese Internment
  • 39. Because Pearl Harbor was a “sneak attack” Americans began to distrust Americans of Japanese or even Chinese descent.
  • 40. There were rumors that Japanese-American citizens would spy for Japan or sabotage the war effort.
  • 41. The U.S. government decided to lock up any Japanese-Americans for the duration of the war.
  • 42. Internment camps were set-up in isolated areas of the country
  • 43. Japanese-Americans were rounded and sent by train to their new “homes”
  • 44.  
  • 45. 120,000 Japanese-Americans were placed in camps for the duration of the war.
  • 46. More Discrimination <ul><li>German & Italian Americans also faced discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Curfews, job discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>11,000 Germans & several hundred Italian-Americans locked up for the war </li></ul>
  • 47. Mexican Americans & the Bracero Program <ul><li>US didn’t have enough workers </li></ul><ul><li>1942 treaty with Mexico: allowed businesses to bring in Mexican laborers; The Bracero Program </li></ul><ul><li>Led to racial tension & fights between Mexicans & Anglos in the Southwest </li></ul><ul><li>Many Mexican-Americans served in military </li></ul>
  • 48. Major Battles & Turning Points <ul><li>Siege of Stalingrad: Nazis running out of oil. Need to get oil in Caspian Sea. Can’t conquer Stalingrad. 900 day siege, Nazis fail. 1 million Soviets die . </li></ul>Stalingrad
  • 49. Stalingrad <ul><li>Important because the Soviets did not allow the Nazis to get the oil that their war machine needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Tide of war began turning in favor of the Allies </li></ul>
  • 50. The Japanese in the Pacific <ul><li>By 1942 the Japanese controlled much of the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>US Navy (aircraft carriers) started to turn the tide at the Battle of Wake Island </li></ul>
  • 51. Battle of El Alamein <ul><li>British defeat Germans in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Beat German General Erwin Rommel </li></ul><ul><li>Saved supply route </li></ul><ul><li>Cut Nazis off from oil </li></ul>Allied Supplies
  • 52. Invasion of Italy, 1943 <ul><li>Combined British & American invasion of Italy didn’t go very well, but it stretched the German army very thin </li></ul>
  • 53. Invasion of Normandy (D-Day), 1944 <ul><li>Allies invade France to free it from German control </li></ul><ul><li>Created 2 Front war for Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Germany will soon be overpowered by Allies </li></ul>
  • 54. Allies Win, FDR Dies <ul><li>1944: British, Americans, Soviets all close in on Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler commits suicide in bunker, Germans surrender. </li></ul><ul><li>FDR wins re-election in 1944, dies in 1945. Harry S Truman becomes President </li></ul>
  • 55. War in the Pacific <ul><li>A. US Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i. Regain the Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ii. Invade the Japanese Islands </li></ul></ul>
  • 56. War in the Pacific… <ul><li>B. Island Hopping: invade Japan by capturing islands in the Pacific along the way </li></ul>
  • 57. Island Hopping <ul><li>i. Navajo code-talkers help US forces communicate without Japanese interception </li></ul>
  • 58. Island Hopping <ul><li>ii. Gen. MacArthur leads US forces to victory in Philippines, Iwo Jima, & Okinawa </li></ul>
  • 59.  
  • 60.  
  • 61. II. Surrender of Japan <ul><li>Potsdam Declaration: Allies demand unconditional surrender or Japan will face, “prompt and utter destruction.” </li></ul><ul><li>Enola Gay drops 1 st atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan; 70,000 people killed instantly. 3 days later another a-bomb dropped on Nagasaki. 40,000 people killed instantly. Many more people die later from radiation poisoning. </li></ul>
  • 62. The Atomic Bomb
  • 63.  
  • 64.  
  • 65. The Holocaust <ul><li>6 million Jews, 5 million Gypsies, communists, homosexuals, mentally & physically disabled, POW’s, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 11 million people systematically murdered by the Nazi regime of Germany </li></ul>
  • 66.  
  • 67.  
  • 68.  
  • 69. The Nuremberg Trials <ul><li>War crimes trials </li></ul><ul><li>1945-1946: The Allies put Nazi leaders on trial for the atrocities of the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>“ I was just following orders” not an excuse </li></ul><ul><li>12 Nazi leaders hanged for their crimes </li></ul>

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