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World war ii

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  • 1. World War II 1939-1945 LIC. LAURA FLORES
  • 2. In the spring of 1939 Hitler made new demands:
    • That Danzing, plus a German railway and a highway route through the Polish Corridor, be returned to Germany
    • Finally Britain and France ended their policy of appeasement and pledged to defend Poland if Hitler threatened its independence
  • 3. Reasons why Hitler and Stalin signed a ten-year nonaggression pact:
    • Hitler wanted to avoid a two-front war.
    • Stalin wanted to gain territory
    • In private they agreed to divide Eastern Europe.
    • Soviet Union was to have Finland and the Baltic countries of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. Germany and Russia would each take over a part of Poland.
  • 4. Hitler’s advantage for the agreement was clear:
    • Germany need not to fear a two front war like the one it had faced in 1914
  • 5. Germany invaded Poland
    • August 31, 1939. Hitler needed an excuse for attacking Poland:
    • A small band of German soldiers disguised themselves in Polish uniforms….
    • The Poles he said had violated Germany’s borders…
    • September 1 st 1939 German planes roared over Poland.
  • 6. Germany Blitzkrieg
    • In less than 48 hours the Germans wiped out the Polish air force, army, railroads, telegraph centers and factories…they were demoralized, stunned, defeated.
    • Germans using the fast moving weapons of modern war, the armor tank and the airplanes, called their sudden massive attack “blitzkrieg”
  • 7. France fell to the Nazis
    • The German attack on France was similar to the beginning of WWI. The German army swung west around French defenses and struck through Belgium.
    • Key difference between the two wars, German attack: “ German blitzkrieg”
    • Two thirds of Northern France were occupied by Nazis, Petain’s government was to hold the southern part in the city of “Vichy”
  • 8. German troops blitzed the West
    • In May, 1941 Neville Chamberlain was forced to resign as prime minister, his successor was Winston Churchill
    • who said: “there’s no quick road to victory,I have nothing to offer but blood and tears”
  • 9. Germany attacked Great Britain
    • In all of Europe, only one country still held out against Hitler, this country was Great Britain
    • Germans prepared for “Operation Sea Lion”
    • Hitler sent his “Luftwaffe”(bombers)
  • 10. British secret weapons
    • Radar, Ultra
    • RAF
    • Determined population
    • America aided the Allies. Roosevelt persuaded the Congress to allowed the sale of weapons to fighting nations
    • US gave Britain 50 destroyers
  • 11. Hitler invaded the Soviet Union
    • Living Space
    • Valuable mineral resources
    • Germans conquered the Balkans, destroyed 1000 Soviet planes and the Red Army
    • Hitler’s campaign turned into a disaster