Passive Voice
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Passive Voice

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  • Tadaaaaaaaaa...... <br /> (Dalo)‏ <br />

Passive Voice Presentation Transcript

  • 1. PASSIVE I
  • 2. ““It's Wibble fairIt's Wibble fair again. I love theagain. I love the fair. The streetfair. The street isis decorateddecorated withwith games andgames and balloons. Theballoons. The houseshouses areare paintedpainted red, andred, and the...”the...”
  • 3. Active Sentences and Passive Sentences. Look at the difference: There are two kinds of sentences:
  • 4. ACTIVEACTIVE PeoplePeople paint the houses forfor the fair every year.the fair every year. PASSIVEPASSIVE The houses are painted forfor the fair every year.the fair every year.
  • 5. You can use the passive if you don't know who does something or it isn't important who does it.
  • 6. Ron decorates the street every year. = Active. (I know that Ron decorates the street every year.)
  • 7. The street is decorated every year. = Passive.= Passive. (I don't know who decorates the street, or it(I don't know who decorates the street, or it isn't important who does it.)isn't important who does it.)
  • 8. As you notice before, the active sentences turn into passive according to their tenses.
  • 9. If the active sentence is in present tense, its passive has to be in present.
  • 10. If the active sentence isIf the active sentence is in past tense, its passivein past tense, its passive has to be in past.has to be in past.
  • 11. This is an example of a Present Simple tense active sentence. Person +Person + Present SimplePresent Simple ++ Complement.Complement. VerbVerb (Object)(Object) II lovelove that bookthat book.. (Active)(Active)
  • 12. Make the Present Simple passive with the present of verb to be + past participle verb. PersonPerson ++ to beto be ++ Past participlePast participle + C.+ C. verbverb.. (Object)(Object) (is/(am)/are) (3rd column)(is/(am)/are) (3rd column) That book is loved. (Passive)(Passive)
  • 13. REMEMBER! There are words called past participles. You need them to make the passive. Infinitive Past Past participle Work Worked Worked Eat Ate Eaten Drink Drank Drunk
  • 14. Exercise A: Underline the passive verbs. Wibble fair is good fun. Everyone enjoys it. The houses are painted red, and flowers are planted in the gardens. The children draw pictures and make cakes, and the cakes are eaten at the street party. People wear fancy dress clothes, and a prize is given to the person with the best clothes.
  • 15. Answer of exercise A: Wibble fair is good fun. Everyone enjoys it. The houses are painted red, and flowers are planted in the gardens. The children draw pictures and make cakes, and the cakes are eaten at the street party. People wear fancy dress clothes, and a prize is given to the person with the best clothes.
  • 16. Exercise B: Read the sentences. Answer the questions. 1.The Wibble song is sung at the start of the fair. Do I know who sings the song? 2. Pineapple bushes are planted in the park. Do I know who plants the bushes? 3. Balloons are hung from the trees. Do I know who Hangs the balloons?
  • 17. Exercise C: Complete the sentences. Use present simple passive. 1. Lost of cakes _________ (make) for the1. Lost of cakes _________ (make) for the party.party. 2. The cakes_________ (eat) at the street2. The cakes_________ (eat) at the street party.party.
  • 18. Answers of exercise C: 1. Lost of cakes _________ (make) for the1. Lost of cakes _________ (make) for the party.party. are made 2. The cakes_________ (eat) at the street2. The cakes_________ (eat) at the street party.party. are eaten
  • 19. 3. At the start of the fair, the Wibble song _________ (sing). 4. On the first day, a racing competition ___________ (organize). 5. Prizes _________ (give) to the fastest runners.
  • 20. 3. At the start of the fair, the Wibble song _________ (sing). is sung 4. On the first day, a racing competition ___________ (organize). is organized 5. Prizes _________ (give) to the fastest runners. are given
  • 21. This is an example of a Past Simple tense active sentence. Person +Person + Past SimplePast Simple ++ Complement.Complement. VerbVerb (Object)(Object) PeoplePeople organizedorganized a partya party last year.last year.
  • 22. Make the Past Passive with the past of verb to be + past participle. PersonPerson ++ to beto be ++ Past participlePast participle + C.+ C. verbverb.. (Object)(Object) (was/were)(was/were) (3rd column)(3rd column) A party was organized last year.
  • 23. Exercise D: Make the sentences into past simple passive sentences. 1. The houses are usually painted yellow. Last year Alfredo's house __________ pink. 2. This year the fountain is decorated with flowers. Last year it ___________ with ribbons.
  • 24. Answers of exercise D: 1. The houses are usually painted yellow. Last year Alfredo's house __________ pink. was painted 2. This year the fountain is decorated with flowers. Last year it ____________ with ribbons. was decorated
  • 25. 3. A competition is organized every year. Last year a car race ______________ 4. Flowers are planted in the town every year. Last year some trees __________ 5. Blue balloons are hung in the town every year. Last year some pink balloons ___________ in the town.
  • 26. 3. A competition is organized every year. Last year a car race ______________ was organized 4. Flowers are planted in the town every year. last year some trees ___________ were planted 5. Blue balloons are hung in the town every year. Last year some pink balloons ___________ in the town. were hung
  • 27. Formative Evaluation: Rewrite the sentences according to their active tense. 1. People bring flowers to the town hall. _____________________________ 2. Somebody planted a pineapple bush. _____________________________ 3. People hide sweets for children to find. ______________________________
  • 28. 1. People bring flowers to the town hall. _____________________________ Flowers are brought to the town hall. 2. Somebody planted a pineapple bush. _____________________________ A pineapple bush was planted. 3. People hide sweets for children to find. ______________________________ Sweets are hidden for children to find.
  • 29. 4. Children fly kites in the field outside their town. ________________________________ 5. The Riddibugs sold chocolate to their enemies for bars of gold. ________________________________
  • 30. 4. Children fly kites in the field outside their town. ________________________________ Kites are flown in the field outside... 5. The Riddibugs sold chocolate to their enemies for bars of gold. ________________________________ Chocolate was sold to their enemies...
  • 31. Now here you have some examples of how to turn an active sentence into a passive one by using other tenses.
  • 32. Future Simple: He will tidy his room. The room will be tidied.
  • 33. Present Perfect Simple: They have organized Monica's visit. Monica's visit has been organized.
  • 34. Present Continuous: The students are preparing a party. A party is being prepared.
  • 35. Past Continuous: Some citizens were cleaning the streets. The streets were being cleaned.
  • 36. Material prepared and selected by... Danitza Lazcano Flores.Danitza Lazcano Flores. Teacher of EnglishTeacher of English Master in EducationMaster in Education Educational CounselorEducational Counselor