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Fascism rises in europe 31.3
 

Fascism rises in europe 31.3

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  • Also read my latest posting 'The Fall of Micro- and Macro-Economics and the Rise of Mega Economics' www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article37574.html
    It also discuss about Fascism - the root of its ideology.
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  • Miss, thanks for this presentation..it was very useful..and helped me a lot to complete my homework..

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  • Miss thankyou for the presentation it helped me a lot!
    its very colmplete and useful.

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  • thanks for the presentation it helped me to understan better the lesson and it was helpful to complete my homework.

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    Fascism rises in europe 31.3 Fascism rises in europe 31.3 Presentation Transcript

    • Rise of New Leaders and Ideas in Europe during the 1930s LIC. LAURA FLORES
    • Extreme Nationalism Deny Individual Rights - Supremacy of The State Increasing influence of new political parties that emphasize state control - For example: Communism, Nazism, Fascism Total Control of State by a Dictator TOTALITARIANISM
      • What is it?
      • Describe its characteristics…
      Totalitarianism
      • Government establishes complete control of all aspects of the state (political, military, economy, social, cultural)
      • Highly nationalistic (flags, salutes, rallies, uniforms)
      • Strict controls and laws
      • Military state (secret police, army, military)
      • Censorship (to examine printed materials to ban or delete information)
      • Propaganda (media – radio, newspapers, posters)
      • One leader (dictator); charismatic
      • Authoritarian (requiring absolute loyalty and obedience to the state
      • Terror and Fear
      Totalitarianism
    • *These theories, specifically Communism and Fascism, are completely different theories that are opposed; however they exhibit the same behaviour Totalitarianism Nazism Fascism Communism
    • Communism
      • I am Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union from 1922-1953.
      • What is Communism?
      • revolutionary idea of a political, economic and social system that creates a “classless society”
      • state ownership and control of the means of production (no private ownership)
      • Soviet Communism or “Stalinism”, was more of a totalitarian and military state combined with elements of communism
    • Fascism
      • I am Benito Mussolini the leader (Il Duce) of Italy from 1922 to 1943. First
      • European fascist dictator of Italy
      • What is Fascism?
      • intense nationalism and elitism
      • totalitarian control
      • interests of the state more important than individual rights
      • maintain class system and private ownership
    • Nazism
      • I am Adolf Hitler the leader (der Fuhrer) or dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945.
      • What is Nazism? German fascism
      • extremely fascist , nationalistic and totalitarian
      • based on beliefs of the National Socialist German Workers Party
      • belief in the racial superiority of the Aryan, the “master race”
      • belief that all Germans should have “lebensraum” or living space in Europe
      • Violent hatred towards Jews and blamed Germany’s problems on them
    • Adolph Hitler
      • Hitler considered himself superior, eventhough he was a drifter & failed artist during his youth.
      • A corporal during WWI, he was devastated by Germany’s loss & blamed it on the Jews.
      • He started his political career at age 30, joining the German Workers Party. He had exceptional speaking skills & came to be revered by others in the party. He was chosen its leader in 1921, and renamed it the National Socialist German Workers Party.
    • Nazism
      • Fascism taken to
      • its extreme form.
      • Racist and anti-Semitic
      • elements that did not
      • appear in Italian fascism.
    • Nazi Controls Anti-semitism: Hostility and discrimination against the jews Territorial integrity: Territorial domain of a State Armed Aggression: Military invasion, a War of conquest
      • GESTAPO : the Secret State Police
      • SS (Schutzstaffel): Defense Corps “black shirts”, an elite guard unit formed out of the SA
      • SA (Sturmabteilung): Stormtroopers "brown-shirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political parties
      • Lebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into east
      • Wehrmacht: German army
      • Einstazgruppen: Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing units
      Nazi Military State
    •  
    •  
    • M EIN KAMPF : Book written by Hitler, set his ideas and goals: Germans were a master race, that jews , latins, black people, gypsies, Homosexuals, were inferior and should be destroyed LEBENSRAUM: living space for Germans VERSAILLES TREATY : should be destroyed
    • Mein Kampf (1924)
      • The title means My Struggle , and it expounds on Hitler’s anti‑Semitism, worship of power, scorn for morality, and plan for world domination. Hitler wrote it in prison after a failed attempt to overthrow the German government
    • ENABLING ACT: Act that Gave Hitler Absolute Power in Germany for four Years-
    •  
    • This Nazi propaganda poster reads, ‘Behind the enemy powers: the Jew. Nuremberg Laws : Deprived jews of german citizenship and rights “ The Eternal Jew” Posters like this promoted a sharp rise in anti-Semitic feelings, and in some cases violence against the Jewish community. Kristallnocht: The beginning of the nazi persecution of jews
    • kristallnacht
      • Kristallnacht—November 9, 1938—”Night of Broken Glass”—Jewish shops, synagogues, homes violently attacked—after a Jewish teenager from Germany shot a German diplomat in Paris—beginning of mass emigration of Jews and the forced removal to Jewish ghettos