NACLIN 2010 13 National Convention on Knowledge, Library and Information Networking June 15-18, 2010 Jointly Organized by ...
Dr.B.U.Kannappanavar Dept.of Library and Information Science  Kuvempu University Shankaraghatta – 577 451  E-mail:kannappa...
<ul><li>DEFINITIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary defines as “...
<ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>According to Encyclopedia Britannica, “Interest in communication has been stimulat...
<ul><li>Information Technology  </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology (IT), as defined by Encyclopedia of Computer Scie...
<ul><li>Research Library </li></ul><ul><li>ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science define Research library as &quo...
<ul><li>Special Library </li></ul><ul><li>According to International Organization for Standardization Special libraries ar...
<ul><li>According to UNESCO   </li></ul><ul><li>“ These libraries may be attached to various  bodies , such as parliament ...
<ul><li>According to Ridley: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ subject’ is most important  criterion. He said that a special library mea...
<ul><li>Close to Ridley, Dr Ranganathan observed:  </li></ul><ul><li>“ specialization in a subject to be the characteristi...
<ul><li>CATEGORIES OF SPECIAL LIBRARIES  </li></ul><ul><li>R&D (Research & Development) organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>G...
<ul><li>STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM </li></ul><ul><li>The studies conducted so far,focus on the available library facilities ...
<ul><li>A Survey of literature reveals that the Librarians are the most developed strata among the special library.The res...
<ul><ul><li>The studies conducted so far,focus on the available library facilities in special libraries,and no comprehensi...
The problem taken for the study is  “  APPLICATION OF  INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN  SOME SELECTED SPECIA...
<ul><li>NEED OF THE STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>Information and knowledge have become increasingly important in the contempora...
<ul><li>The necessity of ICT skills has a clear impact on library professionals, with the emergence of digital reference s...
<ul><li>Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have become basic ingredients in the operations of libraries, an...
<ul><li>Libraries are finding it increasingly difficult to acquire and make available to their users full range of informa...
<ul><li>Besides,electronic information sources(EIS) are becoming more popular with users who find them rewarding and prefe...
<ul><li>Effective application of ICT in libraries helps in performing their operations and services most efficiently.   </...
<ul><li>OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>The study proposes to focuses : </li></ul><ul><li>To assess the current ...
<ul><li>To evaluate the contemporary use of ICT in some selected special libraries in Bangalore. </li></ul><ul><li>To comp...
<ul><li>To assess to what extent users are satisfied with Information and Communication Technology resources and services ...
<ul><li>SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>An attempt has been made to identify the ICT Skills among the...
<ul><li>HYPOTHESES </li></ul><ul><li>A hypothesis is an assumption about relations variables. It is a tentative explanatio...
<ul><li>The study is based on the following hypotheses: </li></ul><ul><li>H0.Managerial skills, subject skills and technic...
<ul><li>H1.It is not always found a satisfactory level of Managerial skills, subject skills and technical skills. </li></u...
<ul><li>METHODOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>Type of research undertaken – Descriptive </li></ul><ul><li>The data required to be ...
<ul><li>Source of information or data </li></ul><ul><li>A) Secondary data  –LISA Abstracts, Books, Journals, etc </li></ul...
Research  Model
<ul><li>Sampling design </li></ul><ul><li>Population details  – In Bangalore there are more than 100 Libraries employing a...
<ul><li>Sample frame   ----  The information will be collected from The Directory of Libraries in India, Directory of Scie...
<ul><li>Sample selection and sample size  – It is proposed to interview around 25 professionals using Non probabilistic sa...
<ul><li>Data collection tools </li></ul><ul><li>It is proposed to design a question schedule and questionnaire consisting ...
<ul><li>Plan of analysis </li></ul><ul><li>The data collected will be subjected to editing, compiling, coding and encrypti...
<ul><li>ICT infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>ICT infrastructure is usually considered with respect to its main areas, whic...
Table  -1 : Types of Institution / Organisation Sl.No Organisation N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 State Government 06 24 2 Centra...
Table  - 2: Use of Network Operating System  Sl.No Network Operating System N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Linux 06 24 2 Unix 01 ...
Table  -3 : Use of Library Management Software   Sl.No Library Automation Software N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 CDS/ISIS 2 Libs...
Table  -4 : Use of Internet for various Library Operations and Services   Sl.No Library Operations and Services N=25 Perce...
Table  -5 : Year of Automation   Sl.No Year N=25 Percentage  ( % ) 1 Before 1990 2 1990- 1999 06 24 3 2000 -- 2010 19 76
Table  - 6 : Areas of Automation Sl.No Areas of automation N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Acquisition 25 100 2 Cataloguing 24 96 ...
Contd.. Table  -7 :  Use of ICT-based Resources and Services Sl.No Information handling tools/utilities/devices N=25 Perce...
15 Telephone 16 64 16 Fax 12 48 17 E-mail 16 64 18 WWW 15 60 19 Ftp 05 20 20 Telnet 02 08 21 Listserve 02 08 22 Usenet/New...
Table  - 8 : Reasons for Librarians dissatisfaction with the application of ICT Sl.No Reasons for dissatisfaction N=25 Per...
Table  - 9 : Librarians suggestion with regard to areas of training   Sl. No Key category of suggestions N=25 Percentage (...
 
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Application of information and communication technologies in some selected special libraries in bangalore, karnataka

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Application of information and communication technologies in some selected special libraries in bangalore, karnataka

  1. 1. NACLIN 2010 13 National Convention on Knowledge, Library and Information Networking June 15-18, 2010 Jointly Organized by DELNET, New Delhi , BITS-Pilani, Goa Campus, Goa Theme: Revitalizing Libraries in a Global Village: High-End Technologies and Resource Management Venue: BITS-Pilani, Goa Campus, Goa N A C L I N 2 0 1 0
  2. 2. Dr.B.U.Kannappanavar Dept.of Library and Information Science Kuvempu University Shankaraghatta – 577 451 E-mail:kannappanavar@gmail.com Mr.Ravi.K.B Librarian, Ramaiah Institute Management Studies(RIMS), MSR Nagar,MSRIT Post, Bangalore – 560 054 E-mail:ravikb78@gmail.com APPLICATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN SOME SELECTED SPECIAL LIBRARIES IN BANGALORE(KARNATAKA ) BY
  3. 3. <ul><li>DEFINITIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary defines as “Information is the result of processing, gathering, manipulating and organizing data in a way that adds to the knowledge of the receiver”. It is also defines information is a knowledge, or facts communicating about a particular subject, event, intelligence. </li></ul>Contd..
  4. 4. <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>According to Encyclopedia Britannica, “Interest in communication has been stimulated by advances in science and technology, which, by their nature, have called attention to humans as communicating creatures’. Among the first and most dramatic examples of the inventions resulting from technological ingenuity were the telegraph and telephone, followed by others like wireless radio and telephoto devices. </li></ul>Contd..
  5. 5. <ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology (IT), as defined by Encyclopedia of Computer Science “ Information Technology is an imprecise term frequently applied to a broad area of activities and technologies associated with the use of computers and communication, but generally implying the application of computers to storage, retrieval, processing and dissemination of data, particularly in the field of commerce . </li></ul>Contd..
  6. 6. <ul><li>Research Library </li></ul><ul><li>ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science define Research library as &quot;A library, which contains an in-depth collection in a particular subject field (such as a technical library) or in in-depth collections in several subject fields (such as university library or a large private or public library). The collections include primary sources and provide extensive chronological and/or geographical coverage.&quot; </li></ul>Contd..
  7. 7. <ul><li>Special Library </li></ul><ul><li>According to International Organization for Standardization Special libraries are, “ those maintained by an association, government, parliament, research institution , museum, business firm, industrial enterprise, chamber of commerce,etc, or other organized group, greter part of their collection being in a specific field or subject, e.g. natural sciences, social sciences, agriculture, chemistry, medicine, economics, engineering, law and history”. </li></ul>Contd..
  8. 8. <ul><li>According to UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>“ These libraries may be attached to various bodies , such as parliament or a government department , a scientific or other research institution, a learned society , professional association, museum , industrial association, chamber of commerce, etc. and not coming within any of the categories- national libraries, university libraries and school libraries.” </li></ul>Contd..
  9. 9. <ul><li>According to Ridley: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ subject’ is most important criterion. He said that a special library means ,”A collection of information covering a specific field which may be administered by special staff and for service of a limited clientele.” </li></ul>Contd..
  10. 10. <ul><li>Close to Ridley, Dr Ranganathan observed: </li></ul><ul><li>“ specialization in a subject to be the characteristic that makes a library a special library.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>CATEGORIES OF SPECIAL LIBRARIES </li></ul><ul><li>R&D (Research & Development) organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Business, Trade and Industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-economic Development Research . </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM </li></ul><ul><li>The studies conducted so far,focus on the available library facilities in special libraries,and no comprehensive study was undertaken to critically evaluate the ICT skills of the librarians in special library. </li></ul>Contd..
  13. 13. <ul><li>A Survey of literature reveals that the Librarians are the most developed strata among the special library.The responsibility is thrust on these libraries to function effectively as active research and development instrument in modern research and development .Very few research/study were carried out in this area. </li></ul>Contd..
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>The studies conducted so far,focus on the available library facilities in special libraries,and no comprehensive study was undertaken to critically evaluate the ICT skills of the librarians in special library. </li></ul></ul>Contd..
  15. 15. The problem taken for the study is “ APPLICATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN SOME SELECTED SPECIAL LIBRARIES IN BANGALORE(KARNATAKA ) ”.
  16. 16. <ul><li>NEED OF THE STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>Information and knowledge have become increasingly important in the contemporary globalized economy, as advancement in ICTs has enabled larger amounts of information to circulate at a much higher speed and at lower costs. </li></ul>Contd..
  17. 17. <ul><li>The necessity of ICT skills has a clear impact on library professionals, with the emergence of digital reference services. </li></ul>Contd..
  18. 18. <ul><li>Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have become basic ingredients in the operations of libraries, and the education sector in general. </li></ul>Contd..
  19. 19. <ul><li>Libraries are finding it increasingly difficult to acquire and make available to their users full range of information in print form due to information explosion and widespread use of digital information resources. </li></ul>Contd..
  20. 20. <ul><li>Besides,electronic information sources(EIS) are becoming more popular with users who find them rewarding and preferred over the print sources. </li></ul>Contd..
  21. 21. <ul><li>Effective application of ICT in libraries helps in performing their operations and services most efficiently. </li></ul>Contd..
  22. 22. <ul><li>OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>The study proposes to focuses : </li></ul><ul><li>To assess the current state-of-the-art Information and Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Infrastructure in some selected special libraries in Bangalore. </li></ul>Contd..
  23. 23. <ul><li>To evaluate the contemporary use of ICT in some selected special libraries in Bangalore. </li></ul><ul><li>To compare the Information and Communication Technology status among the some selected special libraries in Bangalore. </li></ul><ul><li>To identify and analyse the specific factors that promoted or hindered the application of ICT in some selected special libraries in Bangalore. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Contd..
  24. 24. <ul><li>To assess to what extent users are satisfied with Information and Communication Technology resources and services in selected some special libraries in Bangalore. </li></ul><ul><li>To suggest measures for improvement of existing resources and services and </li></ul><ul><li>implementation of ICT. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Contd..
  25. 25. <ul><li>SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>An attempt has been made to identify the ICT Skills among the Librarians working in some selected special Libraries in Bangalore. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>HYPOTHESES </li></ul><ul><li>A hypothesis is an assumption about relations variables. It is a tentative explanation of the research; the researcher has a rather general, diffused,even confused notion of the problem. It may take a long time for the research to say what Questions he has been seeking answers to. Hence an adequate statement about the research problem is very important. </li></ul>Contd..
  27. 27. <ul><li>The study is based on the following hypotheses: </li></ul><ul><li>H0.Managerial skills, subject skills and technical skills are at satisfactory level among the some selected special Library Librarians in Bangalore . </li></ul>Contd..
  28. 28. <ul><li>H1.It is not always found a satisfactory level of Managerial skills, subject skills and technical skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians adopt varied means and methods to acquire ICT skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians face obstacles in acquiring ICT skills. </li></ul>Contd..
  29. 29. <ul><li>METHODOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>Type of research undertaken – Descriptive </li></ul><ul><li>The data required to be collected requires qualitative and quantitative interpretation based on the data collected both Parametric and Non-parametric a descriptive outcome could be derived initially and subsequently evaluation. Hence the research will be descriptive or fact finding in nature with evaluation focuses. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Source of information or data </li></ul><ul><li>A) Secondary data –LISA Abstracts, Books, Journals, etc </li></ul><ul><li>B) Primary data - The primary information is going to be collected through Survey method and in specific cases interview method, using predesigned questionnaire, administered to the librarians in some selected special Libraries in Bangalore. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Research Model
  32. 32. <ul><li>Sampling design </li></ul><ul><li>Population details – In Bangalore there are more than 100 Libraries employing around 200 Library professionals. </li></ul>Contd..
  33. 33. <ul><li>Sample frame ---- The information will be collected from The Directory of Libraries in India, Directory of Scientific and Technical Libraries in India and Directory of Libraries in Karnataka were used to identify the names, administrative status and addresses of libraries for the study. Since the directories were updated, information was verified telephonically and through personal visits. </li></ul>Contd..
  34. 34. <ul><li>Sample selection and sample size – It is proposed to interview around 25 professionals using Non probabilistic sample. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Data collection tools </li></ul><ul><li>It is proposed to design a question schedule and questionnaire consisting of close ended questions and open ended questions for parametric data and non parametric data respectively. </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Plan of analysis </li></ul><ul><li>The data collected will be subjected to editing, compiling, coding and encrypting for parametric statistical analysis and Non-parametric hypothesis testing using statistical packages liks SPSS(Statistical package for Social Sciences). </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>ICT infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>ICT infrastructure is usually considered with respect to its main areas, which are:hardware, software, and telecommunication. The infrastructure remains the main bottleneck to the development of ICT in libraries. Sufficient infrastructure is very essential for the successful application of ICT in libraries. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Table -1 : Types of Institution / Organisation Sl.No Organisation N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 State Government 06 24 2 Central Government 06 24 3 Semi Government 01 04 4 Autonomous(Central Government ) 01 04 5 Autonomous(State Government ) 01 04 6 Public Sector 01 04 7 Private Sector 09 36 8 Others(Pl.Specify)
  39. 39. Table - 2: Use of Network Operating System Sl.No Network Operating System N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Linux 06 24 2 Unix 01 04 3 Windows NT 02 08 4 Novel Netware 01 04 5 Windows 98/2000/XP 15 60
  40. 40. Table -3 : Use of Library Management Software Sl.No Library Automation Software N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 CDS/ISIS 2 Libsys 05 20 3 Alice for Windows 02 08 4 SLIM++ 5 WINISIS 6 Winsoft 7 WinLis 02 08 8 Libsoft 9 Limsoft 02 08 10 Easylib 01 04 11 E-Grantalaya 02 08 12 Libsuit ASP+ 13 Chronicles 2001 01 04 14 Soul 02 08 15 Inhouse Prepared 08 32 16 Etc(Pl.Specify ) 05 20
  41. 41. Table -4 : Use of Internet for various Library Operations and Services Sl.No Library Operations and Services N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Acquisition 25 100 2 Cataloguing 23 92 3 Classification 23 92 4 Bibliographic Databases 22 88 5 SDI 22 88 6 CAS 22 88 7 Etc(Pl.Specify )
  42. 42. Table -5 : Year of Automation Sl.No Year N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Before 1990 2 1990- 1999 06 24 3 2000 -- 2010 19 76
  43. 43. Table - 6 : Areas of Automation Sl.No Areas of automation N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Acquisition 25 100 2 Cataloguing 24 96 3 Circulation 24 96 4 Serial Control 24 96 5 OPAC 24 96
  44. 44. Contd.. Table -7 : Use of ICT-based Resources and Services Sl.No Information handling tools/utilities/devices N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Floppy 05 20 2 Magnetic tape 05 20 3 CD-ROM 15 60 4 CD-ROM 10 40 5 VCD 05 20 6 Printer 17 68 7 Scanner 12 48 8 Smart card 02 08 9 Laptop computer 13 52 10 CD-Net Server 05 20 11 CD-Tower 12 Bibliographic databases 10 40 13 Full-text databases 10 40 14 E-Book 12 48
  45. 45. 15 Telephone 16 64 16 Fax 12 48 17 E-mail 16 64 18 WWW 15 60 19 Ftp 05 20 20 Telnet 02 08 21 Listserve 02 08 22 Usenet/Newsgroup 05 20 23 E-Journals 15 60 24 Library’s website – 10 40 25 OPAC 21 05 20 26 Web OPAC 10 40
  46. 46. Table - 8 : Reasons for Librarians dissatisfaction with the application of ICT Sl.No Reasons for dissatisfaction N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Inadequate ICT infrastructure 05 20 2 Limited computer literacy among library users 08 32 3 Users are not trained for ICT-based information services 08 32 4 Inadequately trained library professionals in ICT application 04 16 5 Inadequate publicity for the ICT-based resources and services 18 72 6 Rigid ICT use policies implemented by the library 08 32 7 Discouraging attitude of library professionals towards their users 09 36 8 Etc(Pl.Specify)
  47. 47. Table - 9 : Librarians suggestion with regard to areas of training Sl. No Key category of suggestions N=25 Percentage ( % ) 1 Database searching (CD-ROM and full-text databases) 15 60 2 Internet-based information resources and services 23 92 3 Information retrieval and dissemination 22 88 4 Information retrieval and dissemination 18 72 5 Data mining from digital library 18 72 6 Etc(Pl.Specify)
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