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Open Source CMS

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Open Source Content Management Systems
      • Karen A. Coombs
      • Jason Griffey
      • Amanda Hollister
    • 2. Karen Coombs
      • University has 35,000 students
      • Has multiple library web sites
      • Approx 1000 pages
      • Complex intranet
      • Implements any tool that will do the job on the library web site, mostly OSS
    • 3. Jason Griffey
      • University has 9,500 students
      • Has one library website,
      • Developed the Joomla implementation
      • Now maintained by Web Development Librarian
      • Moving to all Open Source Software
    • 4. Amanda Hollister
      • College has 7500 students
      • One library web site
      • Approximately 150 pages
      • Simple intranet
      • Plays with open source for fun, implementing OSS on next web redesign
    • 5. What is Open Source Software
      • “free” software
      • source code is available for you to examine
      • Source code can be modified
      • Modifications can be redistributed
      • Typically developed in a collaborative fashion by many people
    • 6. Some OSS you may know
      • Microsoft Windows = Ubuntu, Redhat
      • Internet Explorer = Firefox
      • Microsoft Outlook = Thunderbird
      • AIM = Pidgin/GAIM/ Adium
      • Microsoft Office = Open Office
      • Adobe Photoshop = Gimp
      • Oracle SQL = MySQL
    • 7. What is a CMS
      • Content Management System
      • System for creating, organizing and publishing web content
      • Create web content without knowing any code
      • Content stored in database back-end and edited/create with web-programming language
    • 8. Why use a CMS
      • Can focus on site organization not content management
      • Can give others ability to update their own content
      • One install can manage 10,000,000 html pages
      • Easy off-site access
    • 9. What are some OSS CMS?
      • Wordpress
      • Joomla
      • Drupal
      • Dot CMS
      • Plone
    • 10. What will we cover?
      • Joomla
      • Wordpress
      • Drupal
    • 11. Cortland Free Library
    • 12. Joomla as CMS
      • Used by a variety of libraries including
        • Health Sciences Library, Stony Brook University, South Carolina State Library, Tyngsborough Public Library
      • Also used by IHOP, Citibank’s Intranet, Outdoor Photographer (Magazine)
    • 13. Joomla as CMS
      • Requirements:
        • PHP 5.2+
        • MySQL 4.1x+
        • Apache 2.x+
        • (Microsoft IIS 7+)
        • Desktop – WAMP, XAMPP, etc
    • 14.  
    • 15.  
    • 16. Global Configuration
    • 17. Global Configuration
    • 18. Content Organization
      • Two Level site only
      • Sections ->Categories ->Articles
        • Sections – very broad topics
        • Categories – article “file cabinets”
        • Articles = ALL content
        • Articles can only be in one category
    • 19. Plan Your Content!
    • 20. Designing the Site
      • Add Sections with the section manager
      • Add Categories to Sections with the category manager
    • 21. Adding Content
    • 22. Global Article Parameters
    • 23.  
    • 24. Templates
      • Decide on a template before doing much work on your site
      • The template will determine what modules are displayed and where they are displayed
    • 25. Template manager
    • 26. Joomla Templates
      • http://drupal.org/project/Themes
      • http://www.joomla24.com/
      • RokWebify theme and tutorials for that theme: http://tutorials.rockettheme.com/joomla-templates/rokwebify-tutorials
      • Note: 1.0x templates may not work with 1.5x
    • 27. Making a Page Your Homepage
      • By default Joomla displays the most recent “articles” added as the homepage to the “latest news” module
      • You can add/remove front page content in the front page manager
    • 28. Joomla Extensions
      • Extension Types:
      • Plugins – can change Joomla functionality
      • Components
        • can replace web page with a forum, guestbook, forms, galleries etc
        • display in center of page, one per page
      • Modules
        • joomla widgets – menus, polls
        • Template determines where modules are placed
    • 29. Menus
      • Menus are modules – and very flexible
    • 30. Menus
      • To have different content links – need a new menu item:
    • 31. Menu content
    • 32.  
    • 33.  
    • 34.  
    • 35.  
    • 36.  
    • 37.  
    • 38.  
    • 39. Modules to Add
      • Polls
      • Feed aggregators – New books
      • Rss links
    • 40. RSS Feeds
      • Pulling RSS:
        • Module type: Feed Display
    • 41. RSS Feeds
      • Creates a feed for subscribing
      • Module – “Syndicate”
      • Will create an RSS feed of articles anywhere it is placed.
    • 42. Advanced Techniques and Tricks
      • MeeboMe in your sidebar
      • Catalog Module
        • Turn off WYSIWIG editor in Global Configuration
        • Create new module with html code for the catalog
        • Select where the module will be displayed
        • Save module
        • Turn WYSIWIG editor back on
    • 43. Extension manager
      • Installing extensions is easy!
    • 44.  
    • 45. Removing extensions
    • 46. Fav Extensions!
      • Google Maps
      • DocMan (Joomla 1.0x)
      • Joomla Stats
      • Xmap
      • MorfeoShow
      • ChronoForms
      • JoomlaPack
    • 47. Google Maps
    • 48. Document management
    • 49. JoomlaStats
    • 50. Xmap – Site Map
    • 51. Xmap – Site Map
    • 52. MorfeoShow
    • 53. MorfeoShow
    • 54. Chronoforms
    • 55. JoomlaPack
    • 56. Joomla Issues
      • High learning curve
      • Inspired hatred at first
      • Many extensions are not updated to 1.5x
      • Many templates are not updated to 1.5x
    • 57. Joomla Strengths
      • Exceptional Flexibility
      • Good community support
      • Inspired love at the end
    • 58. Wordpress as CMS
      • PHP and MySQL Backend
      • Used by many libraries for blogging
      • Some libraries are using it for some CMS functions:
        • Atchison Public Library, California State University East Bay, Dartmouth Public Libraries, Millsaps College Library, Park County Library, Patagonia Public Library, Stevens Memorial Library
    • 59. Wordpress Pages
      • Outside the normal “sequence” of blog
      • Typically, content input via a WYSIWYG editor
      • Can be hierarchical
      • Can use different templates
      • Page order
    • 60. Making a Page Your Homepage
      • Settings
        • Reading
          • Front page displays
      • Choose the page you want to be your homepage from the drop down
      • Make another page your “news” page
    • 61.  
    • 62. Themes
      • In choosing a theme you should consider the following:
        • what kind of banner do you want?
        • where do you want your site navigation to appear?
        • what kinds of layouts do you want to use, one column, two column, three column?
        • do you want a fixed or scalable layout?
      • Sources for Themes
          • http://wordpress.org/extend/themes/
          • http://www.templatesbrowser.com/wordpress-themes/
    • 63. Basic Theme Structure
      • index.php
      • style.css
      • header.php
      • footer.php
      • sidebar.php
      • comments.php
      • comments-popup.php
    • 64. Customizing Your Theme
      • Widgets
      • Template Tags
      • Conditional Tags
    • 65. Widgets
      • What is a widget?
      • Default Widgets
        • Archives, Calendar, Categories, Links, Meta, Pages, Recent Comments, Recent Posts, RSS, Search, Tag Cloud, and Text
    • 66.  
    • 67.  
    • 68.  
    • 69. Widgets
      • Where to get other widgets
        • http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/tags/widget
      • Other widgets to consider
        • Flexi Pages Widget, Category Posts Widget
    • 70.  
    • 71. Key Template Tags
      • wp_list_pages()
      • Post tags - need to sit in the Loop
        • the_title()
        • the_content()
        • the_meta()
        • the_category()
        • the_tags()
      • wp_list_bookmarks()
    • 72. Helpful Conditional Tags
      • is_front_page()
      • is_page()
        • can include or exclude pages
      • no conditional tag to test for subpages
      • is_page_template()
        • can check to see if a specific page template is being used
      • is_home() - posts page, which is typically the site home
    • 73. Custom Fields
      • Allows you to add additional fields to pages or posts
      • Key - Value pairs
      • Stored as text in database
      • Can be displayed using <?php the_meta(); ?>
      • Better way is to code to display each field <?php $key=&quot;mykey&quot;; echo get_post_meta($post->ID, $key, true); ?>
    • 74.  
    • 75. Useful Plugins
      • Blogroll Links
      • cforms
      • Google Maps for Wordpress
      • Inline Feed
      • OpenBook Book Data
      • Widget Logic
    • 76.  
    • 77.  
    • 78.  
    • 79.  
    • 80.  
    • 81.  
    • 82.  
    • 83.  
    • 84.  
    • 85. Advanced Techniques and Tricks and Tricks
      • MeeboMe in your sidebar
      • Creating a Photo Gallery
        • Attach files
        • [gallery]
      • Events Template
    • 86.  
    • 87.  
    • 88.  
    • 89.  
    • 90.  
    • 91.  
    • 92. Wordpress Strengths
      • Easy to use
      • Lots of plugins available
      • Easy to create new themes of modify existing themes
      • Large user base
    • 93. Wordpress Issues
      • Can’t easily create custom content types
        • Events
        • Contact Info
      • Lacks flexibility to deal with complex types of objects with different types of fields
      • Customizing display of group of page/posts requires knowledge of PHP
    • 94. Drupal as CMS
      • PHP and MySQL backend
        • Strongly recommend using PHP5
      • Used by a variety of libraries including
        • Darien Public Library, Athens County Public Library, McMasters University Library, University of Prince Edward Island
    • 95. Making a Page Your Homepage
      • By default Drupal displays the most recent “nodes” added as the homepage
      • You can override this by going to
        • Administer > Site configuration > Site Information
        • Change the “Default front page” field to be the node you want to be your homepage
    • 96.  
    • 97. Themes
      • http://drupal.org/project/Themes
      • http://drupal2u.com
      • http://mydrupal.com/downloads
    • 98. Modules to Add
      • FCKEditor
      • IMCE
      • Image
    • 99. Modules to Add
      • CCK
        • Date, URL, Email
      • Contact Form
      • MultiBlock
      • Token
      • Views
      • View Reference
    • 100. Content Types
      • Pages
      • Stories
      • Image
    • 101.  
    • 102. Blocks
      • Default Blocks
      • Can be made to display on certain page
        • include
        • exclude
        • PHP
    • 103. Blocks
      • Custom Blocks
        • HTML
        • PHP code
      • Views
    • 104.  
    • 105. Menus
      • Primary Links
      • Secondary Links
      • Navigation
      • Menus you create
    • 106. Taxonomies
      • Used to organize content on your site
        • Categories
        • Tags
      • Can be hierarchical, or free-form
      • Different taxonomies can be used for different content types
    • 107. Feed Aggregator
      • Does more than aggregate feeds
      • Creates a block for every feed
      • Allows you to embed feed in a node
      • Need to give Anonymous user permission to access feeds
    • 108.  
    • 109. Image gallery
      • Create Galleries
      • Uploaded Images can be associated with a gallery
    • 110.  
    • 111.  
    • 112. CCK
      • Add new fields to any Content Type
      • Control the type of field added
        • Text, Number
        • Date, Email, URL
      • CCK fields can be used in views
      • Remember to give Anonymous user permission to access fields you create
    • 113. Create Your Own Content Type
      • Events
        • Date field
        • Time field
      • Links
        • URL field
    • 114.  
    • 115.  
    • 116.  
    • 117.  
    • 118. Views
      • Types
        • Page
        • Block
        • Feed
      • Display
        • Node or Fields
      • Limit criteria
      • Sort Criteria
    • 119.  
    • 120.  
    • 121. Filters
      • Default filters
      • Other filters often classified as “Modules”
        • insert_view
    • 122. Drupal Strengths
      • Exceptional Flexibility
      • Easy to create new content types
      • Substantial user base particularly in libraries
        • Drupal4Lib
        • SOPAC
        • Drupal + Fedora
    • 123. Drupal Issues
      • Date CCK buggy and problematic
      • High learning curve
      • Not as many modules and filters developed as one would like
        • library-related modules in particular missing in some areas
    • 124. Choices, choices
      • Wordpress is best for small sites; has an easy start up
      • Joomla is best for medium sites, average complexity, relatively easy UI
      • Drupal can handle multiple, large, complex sites
    • 125. Lessons Learned
      • Learning a CMS takes time
      • Important to map out your site’s content to know what modules, widgets need to be installed
      • Need to decide how you want your site to look in order to choose an appropriate theme
      • Understand each CMS’s strengths and limitations