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Ways of governing
 

Ways of governing

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    Ways of governing Ways of governing Presentation Transcript

    • Types of Government
    • Types of government define who rules and who participates
      There are three types of governments:
      Autocracy: Rule by one
      Oligarchy: Rule by few
      Democracy: Rule by all
      Forms: Direct and Representative
      Methods: Parliamentary and Presidential
    • Governments distribute power through systems.
      Unitary
      All decisions and power held at a central level
      Federal
      Decisions and power split between national and state or provincial governments
    • Autocracy
      Government in which the power to govern is held by one person.
      Generally the power to rule is inherited or taken by military force.
    • There are three types of autocratic government.
      Dictatorships
      Absolute Monarchies
      Constitutional Monarchies
    • Dictatorship
      A dictatorship consists of rule by one person or a group of people often taken by force.
      Very few dictators admit they are dictators and almost always claim to be leaders of democracies
    • Dictatorship
      Description
      A leader has total power
      Examples include:
      Cuba (Castro) & North Korea (Kim Jong Il) .
    • Monarchy
      A monarchy consists of rule by a king/queen or “emperor”.
      Absolute
      Constitutional
    • Absolute Monarchy
      King or Queen holds all of the power to make laws and govern)
      Example
      Louis XIV in France during the 1700s
    • Constitutional Monarchy
      King/Queen has power that is limited by a set of rules called a constitution) and shares power with elected officials
      Example
      Present day England
    • Oligarchy
      When a family or small group of people control all of the power to govern and make laws
      The group gets their power from either military, wealth or social status.
      Elections may be held but offer only one candidate.
      Examples
      China
      Only one party (communist) allowed
    • Theocracy
      type of oligarchy where religious leaders govern
      Example
      Iran
    • Democracy
      “Democracy” literally means “rule by the people.”
      In a democracy, the people govern – by voting.
    • Kinds of democracies
      Direct Democracy
      Representative Democracy
    • Direct Democracy
      Description
      The power of government is controlled directly by the people
      Everyone votes on every issue
      Example:
      In some American states, town meetings are held where every citizen votes by publicly proclaiming their vote.
    • Direct democracy is impossible in a political system containing more than a few people.
      In a representative democracy, delegates are selected by the people through a defined process to make and enforce laws.
    • Representative Democracy
      The people elect representatives who then make decisions for them
      Example:
      Canada, United States
    • Forms of Representative Democracy
      Parliamentary
      Presidential
    • Parliamentary Democracy
      Voters elect members to a Parliament (legislature)
      Example:
      Canada, Britain,
    • Parliaments are bicameral in that they have two houses where decisions are made
      House of Commons
      The political party with the most elected members in the House of Commons forms the government. The leader of that party becomes the Prime Minister.
      Senate or House of Lords
      Elected government chooses people to govern in the senate.
      Parliamentary Democracy
    • Presidential Democracy
      Voters elect legislators and also elect, directly or indirectly,the President.
      In a presidential system, voters have a more direct say about who will serve as President
    • Executive
      Executive
      Legislative
      Select
      Elect
      Elect
      Legislative
      Elect
      Citizens
      Citizens
    • Canada’s form of government can be
      described as
      A constitutional monarchy characterized
      by a federation of provinces that operate
      within a democratic parliamentary
      system.