Referencing mudcd it_id


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Referencing mudcd it_id

  1. 1. “WORKSHOP ON REFERENCING” IEEE STYLE 13th April, 2012 Organized by Department of Information Technology Manipal University, Dubai Presented by M I Jawid Nazir Department of Information Technology
  2. 2. Agenda Importance of Assignments Why Referencing Referencing Styles When must I provide a citation? IEEE Style Hands on
  3. 3. Assignments and Reports • Read widely and analyze the work of others • Use as many sources as you can (books, journals, newspapers, reports, web etc.) • Read at an appropriate academic level • Use good quality sources
  4. 4. Why Referencing It’s good academic practice and improves presentation It allows you to: • acknowledge the work of others • allows your tutor to differentiate between your own work and the work of others and to locate the sources you have used It allows you to demonstrate that: • You have gathered evidence to support your ideas/ arguments • You have used credible, good quality sources • Have read widely • AND have read at an appropriate academic level
  5. 5. Plagiarism • If you do not cite + ref ideas or quotes from other authors you may be accused of plagiarism! • • Plagiarism is defined as presenting someone else’s work as your own. • It’s academic theft! • To avoid plagiarism you MUST always note accurately and fully the details of all the sources you use
  6. 6. Collect details and mention in your work Books • Author(s)/ editor(s) name(s) • Book title • Publication date • Edition (if not the first) • Place of publication • Publisher name • Page numbers used Journal articles • Name(s) of article author(s) • Title of the article • Title of the journal • Date when journal was published • The page number(s) of journal article • Volume and issue numbers • Page number’s used Electronic resources • Web address/DOI(digital object identifier) • Author/ title of source used • Date of publication (if available) • Page numbers used (if available) • Date accessed • Is it an e-book, e-journal, e-mail, discussion list, blog etc.? Conferences • Author(s)/ editor(s)/ corporate author of conference proceedings • Title of conference proceedings • Title of conference paper • Author of conference paper • Page numbers of conference paper • Page number’s used
  7. 7. Cite and ref styles • IEEE Style ( numeric) • Harvard style (author/ date) • American Psychological Assoc. (author/ date) • Modern Language Assoc. (author/ date) • Modern Humanities Research Assoc. (author/ date) • Chicago, Vancouver & Footnote (all numeric) **ask your tutor which system you should use**
  8. 8. When must I provide a citation? • Quote directly: use another person’s ideas in their words • Paraphrase: present another person’s ideas in your words • Summarise: express another person’s ideas in fewer words • Use ideas, theories, facts, experiments, case studies, from a source • Adopt another person’s research method, survey or experiment design • Use statistics, tables, diagrams etc. – not just words! (see reference list handout)
  9. 9. Numeric style Citation • According to Myers[1] the reason for…. The reference is presented as a footnote at the bottom of the page or at the end of your work: [1] Myers, D. (2008) Construction economics: a new approach, 2nd ed., London: Taylor and Francis, p.159
  10. 10. No citation required • Your own ideas, theories, arguments, conclusions • Surveys and experiments designed and carried out by you • Your own research method • Very basic common knowledge: i.e. Dubai in UAE BUT • Dubai is in the UAE and has a population of 530,000 (cite source!)
  11. 11. IEEE Style uses a notational method of referencing when referring to a source of information within the text of a document. In its simplest form, a citation is given in the text, consisting of a number enclosed by square brackets: The full details of the source are given in a numerical reference list at the end of the document:
  12. 12. Citation 1."...end of the line for my research [13]." 2."The theory was first put forward in 1987 [1].“ 3."Scholtz [2] has argued that......." 4."Several recent studies [3, 4, 15, 16] have suggested that..." 5."For example, see [7]."
  13. 13. Referencing List • [#] A. A. Author/editor, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition(if not the first), Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page number(s) (if appropriate). Single author [1] W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-135. [2] S. M. Hemmington, Soft Science. Saskatoon: University of Saskatchewan Press, 1997. Edited work [3] D. Sarunyagate, Ed., Lasers. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996. More than one author [6] T. Jordan and P. A. Taylor, Hacktivism and Cyberwars: Rebels with a cause? London: Routledge, 2004. [7] U. J. Gelinas, Jr., S. G. Sutton, and J. Fedorowicz, Business processes and information technology. Cincinnati: South-Western/Thomson Learning, 2004. Three or more authors Note: The names of all authors should be given in the references unless the number of authors is greater than six. If there are more than six authors, you may use et al. after the name of the first author. [8] R. Hayes, G. Pisano, D. Upton, and S. Wheelwright, Operations, Strategy, and Technology: Pursuing the competitive edge. Hoboken, NJ : Wiley, 2005.
  14. 14. Referencing List Conference (complete conference proceedings) • [11] T. J. van Weert and R. K. Munro, Eds., Informatics and the Digital Society: Social, ethical and cognitive issues: IFIP TC3/WG3.1&3.2 Open Conference on Social, Ethical and Cognitive Issues of Informatics and ICT, July 22-26, 2002, Dortmund, Germany. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 2003. Manual • [13] Bell Telephone Laboratories Technical Staff, Transmission System for Communications, Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1995. Thesis or dissertation • [19] H. Zhang, "Delay-insensitive networks," M.S. thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada, 1997. • [20] M. W. Dixon, "Application of neural networks to solve the routing problem in communication networks," Ph.D. dissertation, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA, Australia, 1999. Journal articles • [1] E. P. Wigner, "Theory of traveling wave optical laser," Phys. Rev., vol. 134, pp. A635-A646, Dec. 1965. • [2] J. U. Duncombe, "Infrared navigation - Part I: An assessment of feasability," IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices, vol. ED-11, pp. 34-39, Jan. 1959. • [3] G. Liu, K. Y. Lee, and H. F. Jordan, "TDM and TWDM de Bruijn networks and shufflenets for optical communications," IEEE Trans. Comp., vol. 46, pp. 695-701, June 1997.
  15. 15. Referencing List E-Book • [1] L. Bass, P. Clements, and R. Kazman. Software Architecture in Practice, 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003. [E-book] Available: Safari e-book. • [2] T. Eckes, The Developmental Social Psychology of Gender. Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000. [E-book] Available: netLibrary e-book. Article in online encyclopedia • [3] D. Ince, "Acoustic coupler," in A Dictionary of the Internet. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. [Online]. Available: Oxford Reference Online, [Accessed: May 24, 2005]. • [4] W. D. Nance, "Management information system," in The Blackwell Encyclopedic Dictionary of Management Information Systems, G.B. Davis, Ed. Malden MA: Blackwell, 1999, pp. 138-144. [E-book]. Available: NetLibrary e-book.
  16. 16. Referencing List Journal article in a scholarly journal (published free of charge on the internet) • [4] A. Altun, "Understanding hypertext in the context of reading on the web: Language learners' experience," Current Issues in Education, vol. 6, no. 12, July 2003. [Online]. Available: [Accessed Dec. 2, 2004]. Journal article in electronic journal subscription • [5] P. H. C. Eilers and J. J. Goeman, "Enhancing scatterplots with smoothed densities," Bioinformatics, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 623-628, March 2004. [Online]. Available: [Accessed Sept. 18, 2004]. Newspaper article from online database • [6] J. Riley, "Call for new look at skilled migrants," The Australian, p. 35, May 31, 2005. Available: Factiva, [Accessed May 31, 2005]. Newspaper article from the Internet • [7] C. Wilson-Clark, "Computers ranked as key literacy," The West Australian, para. 3, March 29, 2004. [Online]. Available: [Accessed Sept. 18, 2004].
  17. 17. 18 Abbreviations Abbreviation Expanded form Ed./Eds. editor/editors ed. edition et al. and others no. number p./pp. page/pages para. paragraph pt. part rev. revised suppl. supplement Vol. Volume (book) vol. volume (journal)
  18. 18. 19 References • • • • • • • • • • •