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Dracula in FRBR terms

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FRBR Group 1 entities explained using the novel Dracula.

FRBR Group 1 entities explained using the novel Dracula.

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  • 1. FRBR Group 1 entities
    A short PPT presentation explaining FRBR Group 1 entities using Bram Stoker’s Dracula.
  • 2. What is FRBR?
    Stands for
    Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
    FRBR was developed by the IFLA cataloging section to address issues in semantics and demonstrate relationship between and among materials (Group 1), creators of works (Group 2), and subjects (Group 3).
    FRBR is organized into groups which have entities that possess attributes.
    Group 1 entities are work, expression, manifestation, and item.
    Group 2 entities are persons or corporate bodies.
    Group 3 entities are the subjects of works and can be concepts, objects, events, or places.
    Source: Ellett, R. (2009, August). Unit 1 FRBRIntro PPT. [Electronic File]. Unpublished.
    Ellett, R. (2009, September). FRBR & RDAnoill PPT. [Electronic File]. Unpublished.
    Tillet, B. (2009, February). What is FRBR? [Electronic journal]. http://www.loc.gov/cds/FRBR.html
  • 3. Group 1 entities
    Group 1 entities:
    Work - is that abstract idea, or distinct intellectual creation.
    Expression - is the fulfillment of that idea through words, sound, image, etc.
    Manifestation - is the physical embodiment of the expression.
    Item – is the actual copy of the manifestation that expression takes.
    This presentation will explain the relationship and structure of FRBR Group 1 entities through an example.
  • 4. I choose…
    Written by Bram Stoker in 1897 and published in English by Archibald Constable and Company (UK).
    It has been reprinted, translated, annotated, adapted, turned into a musical and made into a movie.
    In the United States, Stoker was not able to properly copyright the work, so that it entered the public domain at the time of its publication. In the UK, it has been in the public domain since 1962.
    So, imagine how many editions is out there since its maiden publication. It is therefore the perfect choice to illustrate the relationship and structure of FRBR Group 1 entities.
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dracula
  • 5. Work
    In FRBR terms, Dracula, that
    abstract thing, idea, or literary
    creation that sprung from the
    mind of Bram Stoker is a work.
    Written by Bram Stoker in 1897 and published in English by Archibald Constable and Company (UK).
    Dracula is an epistolary and gothic novel about a Transylvanian Count and vampire moving to London and terrorizing the relations of the Englishman, Jonathan Harker, whom he lured and imprisoned in his castle. Harker will later on escape and team up with friends wronged by Dracula, as well as, Van Helsing, doctor and vampire slayer, to stop the menace of Count Dracula.
    Dracula has become the classic of vampire and gothic literature and also a novel that shows the battle of ideas between tradition and modernity.
    Bram Stoker
    Bram Stoker in 1912.
    Image sourced at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:BramStoker.jpg
  • 6. Same Work, New Work
    Reprints, exact reproduction copies, facsimiles,
    translations, revisions, editions, illustrated editions,
    and abridged editions of the original text of Dracula
    by Bram Stoker are considered belonging to the
    same work.
    Change of genre, parodies, annotated
    editions, adaptations, reviews, evaluations,
    criticism and dramatizations of Dracula are
    considered as a new work.
    The 1992 movie, Bram Stoker’s Dracula directed by
    Francis Ford Coppola in FRBR terms is a new work
    since it is an adaptation of the original novel.
    Poster of the movie.
    Image sourced at http://www.xmission.com/~tyranist/horror/reviews/d/image/Dracula.1992.jpg
  • 7. Expressions
    In FRBR terms, the first
    edition published in 1897 of
    Dracula is a realization of the
    idea or the expressionof the
    Reprints, microform reproductions, exact
    reproductions, and facsimiles are the same
    expression of the same work.
    Cover of 1st Edition.
    Image sourced at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dracula1st.jpeg
  • 8. Translations
    A translation into Spanish by
    Diana Gibson is a
    new expression of the
    same work.
    Translations are just different expressions,
    through a change in the intellectual technique,
    of the same content.
    In this example, from English to Spanish.
    Cover photo of the hardcover edition.
    Image sourced at http://www.amazon.com/Dracula-Spanish-Bram-Stoker/dp/8497648609/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1252124385&sr=8-1
  • 9. Foreword added
    An edition, with a foreword
    by Elizabeth Kostova added,
    is a new expression of the
    same work.
    It is a new expression because of the addition
    of a foreword, but it is still the same work because
    it does not significantly alter the content of the work.
    Cover art of Dracula edition with a foreword by Elizabeth Kostova.
    Image sourced at http://www.amazon.com/Dracula-Bram-Stoker/dp/0316014818/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1252124242&sr=8-1
  • 10. Illustrated edition
    In FRBR terms, if illustrations
    are added, like this edition
    illustrated by James Pyman, then
    it is a new expression of the same
    work, since there is an addition to the
    content but the main focus is still the
    written work.
    This edition is described as going back to the original text
    with 27 illustrations added, coming from a line or a phrase
    from each of the 27 chapters.
    A page from the Dracula edition illustrated by James Pyman.
    Image sourced at http://www.oogaboogastore.com/shop/books/detail/Stoker-Dracula.html
  • 11. From written to spoken word
    An unabridged reading
    from the original 1897 text
    and narrated by Alexander
    Spencer and Susan Adams is a
    new expression of the same work.
    It is a new expression since it is just another realization
    of the same work. Only the intellectual technique changed
    from the written word to spoken word.
    Cover art for audiobook version of Dracula.
    Image sourced at http://www.amazon.co.uk/Dracula-unabridged-audio-book-Stoker/dp/1407435833
  • 12. Manifestations
    Manifestations are the physical embodiment of an expression of a work.
    The physical book of the various hardcover and paperback editions of Dracula are different manifestations of the same work.
    Published by Rider & Co in 1927
    Published by DoubleDay in 1921
    Paperback ed. by Penguin Books in 1997
    Published by Wessels Co in 1901.
    First three image sourced from http://www.draculas.info/gallery/
    Fourth image sourced from http://www.amazon.co.uk/Dracula-Penguin-Classics-Bram-Stoker/dp/0140434062/ref=sr_1_8?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1252126273&sr=1-8
  • 13. More Manifestations
    The Kindle edition e-book file
    of Dracula being sold by
    Amazon.com is a
    new manifestation of the
    same work.
    The physical embodiment or
    the form of the expression of a work.
    It can be a book, an electronic file,
    a cassette tape, or a CD.
    Photo of a woman reading a book using the Kindle, Amazon’s e-book reader.
    Image sourced from http://www.gettyimages.com/
  • 14. Some more Manifestations
    The cassette tapes, downloadable MP3 files, or CDs of Dracula by Bram Stoker as narrated from the original text by Alexander Spencer and Susan Adams are different manifestations of the same expression of the same work.
    Image of a cassette tape and a CD.
    Image sourced from http://www.gettyimages.com/
  • 15. Item
    Item is the actual copyyou buy, download, or borrow from a bookstore or library.
    An item is the actual copy of the book on CD of Dracula as narrated by Alexander Spencer and Susan Adams and available for check out at the Half-Moon Bay Public Library.
    An item is the actual file of Dracula downloaded by Amazon directly to your Kindle device.
    An item is the actual copy of the book of Bram Stoker’s Dracula traduccionDiana Gibson, the Spanish translation of the novel. This item is at the San Mateo Public Library, Main branch waiting to be checked out at the Adult Spanish stacks and bearing the call number SP Stoke.
  • 16. Summing up
    FRBR offers a fresh perspective on structures
    and relationships of bibliographic
    and authority records.
    Applying FRBR Group 1 entities we are able to
    show the inherent relationships and hierarchy of
    work, expression, manifestation, and item.
    Work is that abstract and creative idea that is
    realized through expression embodied in a
    manifestation and exemplified by an item.
    Image sourced at http://www.oscarcharlie.com/creations/digitalart/pages/dracula.htm