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Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture
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Bio 1B Library Skills Lecture

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50-minute lecture given to Bio 1B (introductory integrative biology students) on navigating the journal literature and using BIOSIS at UC Berkeley, Spring 2009.

50-minute lecture given to Bio 1B (introductory integrative biology students) on navigating the journal literature and using BIOSIS at UC Berkeley, Spring 2009.

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  • 1. Bio 1B – Library Session: Finding Information in the Life Sciences Heather Thams [email_address]
  • 2. What we’ll cover:
    • Where to go for research help
    • Process of scientific communication
    • Information finding tools
        • library catalogs
        • article databases
    • Avoiding plagiarism
    • Citing journal articles/web pages
    • Comparison between article databases and web search engines
  • 3. Where to go for help…
    • Reference Desk
      • Bioscience Library, VLSB
        • Monday-Thursday: 10am-6pm
        • Friday: 10am-5pm
    • Email us: [email_address]
    • Library Guide on the Bio 1B website:
      • http://ib.berkeley.edu/courses/bio1b ,
      • under “Announcements”
  • 4. How do scientists communicate their ideas?
    • (Books tend to be less important in the sciences than in the humanities .)
    In the biosciences, primarily through articles published in journals and papers presented at conferences .
  • 5. Flow of Scientific Information “ Primary literature” “ Secondary literature” “ Tertiary literature”
  • 6. Scientific Communication Two main types of articles appear in scientific journals.
  • 7. Good to know…
    • Primary research articles
      • New findings, original research
      • Peer-reviewed
      • Tend to be very specialized, technical, focused
    • Review articles
      • A good introduction to a topic
      • Summarize existing literature
      • Identify important trends & people
      • Extensive bibliographies
      • May or may not be peer-reviewed
  • 8. Quality Control in the Scientific Literature
    • Journal articles undergo a rigorous, critical review before publication:
      • Methodology
      • Significance
      • Originality
      • Clarity
      • Appropriate citation of previous scientific literature
  • 9. Quality Control: Who does it?
    • Author submits manuscript to publisher.
    • Publisher forwards it to scientists in the field: These are peers of the author.
    • The peers tell the publisher:
    • “ This research is flawed.”
    • “ This research is good, but the manuscript requires revision.”
    • “ Go ahead and publish!”
    • This process is called peer review.
      • peer reviewed = refereed
  • 10. What materials are peer-reviewed? Why is this important? You have to evaluate the quality and reliability of the information you find.
    • Magazine articles
    • Newspaper articles
    • Books
    • Government reports
    • Newsletters
    • Most websites
    • Scholarly journals, in print OR online
      • (Check journal website or inside the front cover for “ review board ”, “ editorial board ,” or link to info “about this journal”)
    Not peer-reviewed! Mostly peer reviewed
  • 11. The practical stuff…
    • So how do we search scientific journals to find articles we’re interested in?
    • AND…
    How do we find out what the UCB library system owns?
  • 12. Access to online journals
    • UC Berkeley pays fees for access to thousands of peer-reviewed journals online
    • Anyone can access these from on-campus computers
    • Students, faculty, and staff can access from off-campus computers , via the proxy server
  • 13. Information finding tools
    • Library Catalogs: inventory of books, journal titles, other materials held by the library
      • Find out which library, call number (location on shelf)
        • OskiCat : UCB only; renew books; course reserves
        • Melvyl: UC-wide
        • NextGen Melvyl: Libraries worldwide; easy interface
    • Article Databases: index the contents of journals
      • Searchable by author, subject, etc.
      • UC Berkeley pays for access
      • Access full-text using
      • We’ll look at:
        • BIOSIS
  • 14. BIOSIS
    • Most comprehensive article database in the life sciences
    • Covers more than 5000 journals worldwide
    • Indexes journal articles , book chapters & conferences
    • 1926-present
    • Journals in BIOSIS are peer reviewed
  • 15. Which is the broadest search?
    • global warming AND California
    • (global warming OR climate change) AND California
    • (“global warming” OR “climate change”) AND California
    • (“global warming” OR “climate change”) AND California AND ocean*
  • 16. Search Results
    • global warming AND California = 143
    • (global warming OR climate change) AND California = 612
    • (“global warming” OR “climate change”) AND California = 475
    • (“global warming” OR “climate change”) AND California
    • AND ocean* = 99
  • 17. Broadening Your Search
    • Add synonyms to your search
      • cats or felines
    • Use truncation (wildcards) :
      • parasit* = parasite, parasites, parasitism
    • Use fewer keywords
  • 18. Narrowing Your Search
    • Use search limits :
      • review articles
      • date
    • Use quotes to search
    • for exact phrases:
      • “ primary production”
      • “ double helix”
    • Use more search terms
      • connect them with AND
  • 19. Plagiarism
    • Plagiarism is the “uncredited use, (both intentional and unintentional), of somebody else’s words or ideas”
    • from The Online Writing Lab, Purdue University
    • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/resource/589/01/
    • Plagiarism is academic misconduct
    • Students have failed Bio1B due to plagiarism
    • Plagiarism from the Internet is easy to detect- if you can find it, so can your professor!
  • 20. Avoiding Plagiarism
    • If you use someone else’s words or ideas, you must provide a citation !
    • MUST CITE:
    • Quotes
    • Paraphrases
    • DON’T NEED TO CITE:
    • Common knowledge
    When in doubt, CITE IT!
  • 21. When do you cite? “ Studies have shown that the female reproductive costs of nectar replenishment are not universal.” “ Plant species spend different amounts of energy on nectar replenishment.” Ordano, M. and J. F. Ornelas. (2005). The cost of nectar replenishment in two epiphytic bromeliads. J Tropical Ecology, 21 , 541-547 From the original paper: Passage from student paper: The authors are reporting information from previous literature. It requires a citation.
  • 22. When do you cite? “ It is broadly assumed that nectar production has a female reproductive cost.” Ordano, M. and J. F. Ornelas. (2005). The cost of nectar replenishment in two epiphytic bromeliads. J Tropical Ecology, 21 , 541-547 From the original paper: Passage from student paper: “ Nectar production is generally associated with an energy cost to female plants.” This one’s a judgment call. Best choice: cite it!
  • 23. Citing a Journal Article
    • Author name(s) – usually 3, then et al. if more
    • Title of the article
    • Title of the journal
    • Year
    • Volume number
    • Issue number (often optional)
    • Page numbers
    • URL or DOI sometimes included, if online
    Hundreds of different styles – but any citation should provide enough information so that someone else can locate the same document!
  • 24. Providing a Complete Citation Rosenblum, E. B., Hickerson, M. J., & Moritz, C. (2007). A multilocus perspective on colonization accompanied by selection and gene flow. Evolution 61(12), 2971- 2985. How BIOSIS formats search results: Same result, in APA style:
  • 25. Citing a Web Page
    • In general, cite specific page , not entire site
    • Author, if known (can be organization or person)
    • Title of page
    • Date page was last updated, if known
    • Date you viewed the page
    • URL
    Example: California Energy Commission. California Climate Adaptation Strategy . Updated 8/28/08. Retrieved 9/16/08, from http://www.climatechange.ca.gov/adaptation/index.html.
  • 26. Searching the Web
    • Can be a good place to start:
      • Contains information that can’t be found elsewhere
      • Good for current and local information
    • But:
      • The library pays for content you will not find through Google
      • Necessary to evaluate web sites more carefully
      • Lots of random stuff to sift through
      • “ Global warming” and California: >9 million results!
  • 27. Google and BIOSIS – Different Search Strategies Boolean (AND/OR) searching?  use advanced search “ Exact phrase”?   Wildcard/truncation (*) ?  automatic stemming Parentheses?  X Date range/doc type limit?  X Taxonomic/indexing terms?  X Re-sort/analyze results?  X Contents known?  X
  • 28. Where to Begin…
    • Bioscience Library website:
    • www.lib.berkeley.edu /BIOS
    • BIOSIS:
    • www.isiknowledge.com/biosis
    • Bio 1B Library Guide:
    • www.lib.berkeley.edu/BIOS/bio1bhelp.html
  • 29. Thank you! Marian Koshland Bioscience and Natural Resources Library

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