100 million Americans do nothave home broadband access
Who Doesn’t Have Access?• less than 33% of the poorest Americans have home broadband while over 90% of the richest have high-speed internet access at home• less than 50% of African Americans• less than 50% Latinos• less than 50% of the elderly• less than 50% of rural populations
Broadband access for all isessential to meeting theinformation needs ofcommunities in a democracy.Without it, we’ll end up with anew category of second-classcitizens.-Alberto Ibargüen, President, CEO Knight Foundation
Not every member mustcontribute, but all must believethey are free to contribute andthat what they contribute will beappropriately valued.-Henry Jenkins
Why Does it Matter?• more than 80% of Fortune 500 companies require online job applications (including major employers such as Wal-Mart, Target, Costco, and ExxonMobil)• students with a computer and broadband at home have 6 to 8 percentage higher GPA than similar student who don’t have home access to the Internet• Consumers with broadband at home can save more than $7,000 a year.
In 64.5% of communitiesthe public library is the only free provider of public access to a computer and the internet
77 million Americans used a public library to access the Internet In 2009
It is no longer enough simply toread and write.- Ernest Boyer, President, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement ofTeaching: Former U.S. Commissioner of Education
The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn. - Alvin Toffler
Digital Literacy is the ability to use information andcommunication technologies to find, evaluate, create, and communicate information, requiring both cognitive and technical skills. -ALA Digital Literacy Taskforce (2011)
A Digitally Literate Person -• Possesses the variety of skills – technical and cognitive – required to find, understand, evaluate, create, and communicate digital information in a wide variety of formats;• Is able to use diverse technologies appropriately and effectively to retrieve information, interpret results, and judge the quality of that information;• Understands the relationship between technology, life-long learning, personal privacy, and stewardship of information;• Uses these skills and the appropriate technology to communicate and collaborate with peers, colleagues, family, and on occasion, the general public;• Uses these skills to actively participate in civic society and contribute to a vibrant, informed, and engaged community. – -ALA Digital Literacy Taskforce (2011)
We are exposed to moremediated messages in one daythan our great-grandparentswere exposed to in a year-Center for Media Literacy
21st Century Skills Framework – Adapted for Libraries and Museums by Institute of Museum and Library Services
Learning And Innovation Skills• Critical Thinking and Problem Solving• Creativity and Innovation• Communication and Collaboration• Visual Literacy• Scientific and Numerical Literacy• Cross-Disciplinary Thinking• Basic Literacy
Information, Media, AndTechnology Skills• Information Literacy• Media Literacy• Information, Communications and Technology (ICT) Literacy
Life And Career Skills• Flexibility and Adaptability• Initiative and Self-Direction• Social and Cross-Cultural Skills• Productivity and Accountability• Leadership and Responsibility
21st Century Themes• Global Awareness• Financial, Economic, Business, and Entrepreneurial Literacy• Civic Literacy• Health Literacy• Environmental Literacy
Transliteracy the ability to read, write and interact across a range ofplatforms, tools and media from signing and orality throughhandwriting, print, TV, radio and film, to digital social networks.
Accept that there is no end. This is the New Normal.
Managing Personal Change• Learn as you breathe.• Learn only what is required to accomplish the task before you.• Don’t be afraid of forgetting.• Don’t clutch old technologies when you should be tossing them aside.• Don’t blindly embrace the new.• Continually reassess your assessments.• Look back.• Look forward.• Be grateful. -Roy Tennant
Suggested Reading• Switch: How to Change Things When Change Is Hard by Chip Heath and Dan Heath• The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business by Charles Duhigg• Change Anything: The New Science of Personal Success by Kerry Patterson et al
References• ALA supports FCC proposal to fund digital literacy training through public libraries. (2012, April 3).District Dispatch. Retrieved from http://www.districtdispatch.org/2012/04/ala-supports-fcc-proposal-to-fund-digital-literacy-training-through-public-libraries/• Aspen Institute to Advance Recommendations of the Knight Commission. (2010, May 18).Knight Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.knightfoundation.org/press-room/press-release/aspen-institute-to-advance-recommendations-of-the/• Becker, S., Crandall, M. D., Fisher, K. E., Kinney, B., Landry, C., & Rocha, A. (2010). Opportunity for American Library Association. (2011). The state of Americas libraries: A report from the American Library Association. Chicago, IL: American Library Association. Retrieved from http://ala.org/ala/newspresscenter/mediapresscenter/americaslibraries2011/state_of_americas_libraries_report_2011.pdf• DiMaggio, P., & Hargittai, E. (2001). From the ‘digital divide’ to ‘digital inequality’: Studying internet use as penetration increases. Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University: Center for the Arts and Cultural Policy Studies.• Federal Communications Commission. (2010). Connecting America: The National Broadband Plan. Washington, D.C: Federal Communications Commission.• Genachowski, J. (2011, November). FCC & “Connect to Compete” tackle barriers to broadband adoption, Face Sheet for Chairman Genachowski Remarks on Broadband Adoption, Speech presented in Washington, D.C. Retrieved from http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-310924A1.pdf• Hoffman, J., Bertot, J. C., Davis, D. M., & Clark, L. (2011). Libraries connect communities: public library funding & technology access study 2010-2011. Chicago: American Library Association. Retrieved from http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/857ea9fd.• Institute of Museum and Library Services (2009). Museums, Libraries, and 21st Century Skills (IMLS-2009-NAI-01). Washington, D.C. Retrieved from http://www.imls.gov/assets/1/AssetManager/21stCenturySkills.pdf• Jenkins, H., Clinton, K., Purushotma, R., Robison, A., & Weigel, M. (2006). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education for the 21st century. Retrieved from http://digitallearning.macfound.org/atf/cf/%7B7E45C7E0-A3E0-4B89-AC9C- E807E1B0AE4E%7D/JENKINS_WHITE_PAPER.PDF• The Knight Commision on the Information Needs of Communities in a Democracy. (2009). Informing Communities: Sustaining Democracy in the Digital Age. Washington, DC: The Aspen Institute.• Lippincott, J. K. (2007). Student Content Creators: Convergence of Literacies. EDUCAUSE Review, 42(6), 16–17.• Rheingold, H. (2012). Net smart: How to thrive online. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.• Saveri, A., Rheingold, H., & Vian, K. (2005). Technologies of cooperation. Palo Alto CA. Retrieved from http://www.rheingold.com/cooperation/Technology_of_cooperation.pdf• Tennant, R. (2010, September 29). Managing Personal Change. Digital Libraries, Library Journal. Retrieved from http://blog.libraryjournal.com/tennantdigitallibraries/2010/09/29/managing-personal-change/• Thoman, E., Jolls, T., & Center for Media Literacy. (2008).Literacy for the 21st century: An overview and orientation guide to media literacy education. Santa Monica, CA: Center for Media Literacy.• Why Broadband Service in the U.S. Is So Awful. (2010).Scientific American. Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=competition-and-the-internet• Zickuhr, K. (2010). Generations 2010. Washington, D.C: Pew Research Center’s Internet and American Life Project.• Zickuhr, K., & Smith, A. (2012). Digital differences. Washington, D.C: Pew Research Center’s Internet and American Life Project.
Bobbi Newman http://librarianbyday.nethttp://twitter.com/librarianbydayThis work is licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visithttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/