Mastering your research: 4 Steps to Successful Research

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Mastering your research: 4 Steps to Successful Research

  1. 1. Mastering Your Research: 4 Steps to Successful Research
  2. 2. Doing Research When presented with a research task, everybody–including professors, doctors, lawyers and undergraduates-go through four stages: 1. 2. 3. 4. Getting your Assignment Selecting your Topic Finding your Focus Digging In
  3. 3. 1. Getting Your Assignment
  4. 4. Getting Your Assignment When given a new research assignment, it is normal to feel uncertain about what is expected of you, or what you should be writing or presenting about. A. True B. False
  5. 5. Getting Your Assignment When given a new research assignment, it is normal to feel uncertain about what is expected of you, or what you should be writing or presenting about. A. True B. False
  6. 6. Getting Your Assignment If a research assignment isn’t clear or doesn’t make sense it’s the professor’s fault, in which case you should research and write about whatever you want. A. True B. False
  7. 7. Getting Your Assignment If a research assignment isn’t clear or doesn’t make sense it’s the professor’s fault, in which case you should research and write about whatever you want A. True B. False
  8. 8. Getting Your Assignment Embrace your uncertainty Seek clarification early and often Reflect on the purpose of the assignment Don’t settle on the topic right way Take time to familiarize yourself with a number of possible general topics first.
  9. 9. Getting Your Assignment Resist relying on the Internet: Looking for a quick answer online is a cop-out. You are defeating the purpose of the assignment. By relying on the Internet, you are more likely to plagiarize and Less likely to learn anything. Initially, it can be hard to tell between good and bad information online.
  10. 10. 2. Selecting your General Topic
  11. 11. Selecting your Topic When selecting a topic for your research, which of the following should you keep in mind? A. B. C. D. E. The topic is appropriate to the assignment The interests you. You can find information about the topic. You can get the research done in time. All of the above
  12. 12. Selecting your Topic When selecting a topic for your research, which of the following should you keep in mind? A. B. C. D. E. The topic is appropriate to the assignment The interests you. You can find information about the topic. You can get the research done in time. All of the above
  13. 13. Selecting your Topic You have just been asked to write a research paper about Great Britain. Where is the best place to begin your research? A. B. C. D. The Internet A newspaper article. A magazine article. An encyclopedia
  14. 14. Selecting your Topic You have just been asked to write a research paper about Great Britain. Where is the best place to begin your research? A. B. C. D. The Internet A newspaper article. A magazine article. An encyclopedia
  15. 15. Selecting your Topic You have just been asked to write a paper about the recent political unrest in Great Britain. Where is the best place to begin your research? A. B. C. D. A news website A newspaper article. A book. A or B
  16. 16. Selecting your Topic You have just been asked to write a paper about the recent political unrest in Great Britain. Where is the best place to begin your research? A. B. C. D. A news website A newspaper article. A book. A or B
  17. 17. Selecting your Topic For your psychology paper, which likely is the best resource for finding a definition of “depression”? A. B. C. D. The Internet. A general encyclopedia. A subject encyclopedia. All of the above
  18. 18. Selecting your Topic For your psychology paper, which likely is the best resource for finding a definition of “depression”? A. B. C. D. The Internet. A general encyclopedia. A subject encyclopedia. All of the above
  19. 19. Selecting your Topic Familiarize yourself with major terminology, concepts and themes of your topic. Don’t assume that you know and don’t ever consider writing about something you haven’t researched.
  20. 20. Selecting your Topic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias help get you up to speed fast…  General Dictionaries & Encyclopedias Address a broad range of topics Provide introductory coverage Subject Dictionaries & Encyclopedia Focus on a particular subject Provide specialized/detailed coverage
  21. 21. Selecting your Topic Consider the timing of possible topics when deciding how to begin your research:
  22. 22. 3. Finding your Focus
  23. 23. Finding your Focus Congratulations, you have decided on your topic, “Hinduism ”. Unfortunately, your enthusiasm is short-lived because you cannot write about the entire movement in one paper. What do you do next? A. Panic, go online and copy a website B. Reflect on your initial research and select one or two angles that can take on the topic. C. Look for more detailed sources on your topic that might reveal an interesting angle. D. B and C
  24. 24. Finding your Focus Congratulations, you have decided on your general topic, “Hinduism”. Unfortunately, your enthusiasm is short-lived because you cannot write about the entire movement in one paper. What do you do next? A. Panic, go online and copy a website B. Reflect on your initial research and select one or two angles that can take on the topic. C. Look for more detailed sources on your topic that might reveal an interesting angle. D. B and C
  25. 25. Finding your Focus When looking for something to focus on within your topic, which of the following is a good strategy? A. Look for an interesting issue, person or event around which you can frame your discussion. B. Look for disagreements or debates about your topic. C. Narrow your research down to one central idea or concept and investigate it in great detail. D. All of the above
  26. 26. Finding your Focus When looking for something to focus on within your topic, which of the following is a good strategy? A. Look for an interesting issue, person or event around which you can frame your discussion. B. Look for disagreements or debates about your topic. C. Narrow your research down to one central idea or concept and investigate it in great detail. D. All of the above
  27. 27. Finding your Focus
  28. 28. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=uDGJ2CYfY9A
  29. 29. Finding your Focus Searching Databases: Don’t type out your whole question Focus on keywords: nouns and adjectives Use “quotation marks” for exact phrases Use AND & OR to control results Don’t give up too quickly – try lost of different searches!
  30. 30. Find your Focus  Start with what you know and look for an angle:  People, places and events  Central ideas or concepts  Central debates  Role of /impact on different people or groups  Expand what you know by looking at more detailed sources:  What is important? What isn’t?  What additional ideas or issues are raised  Who or what is being argued for or against?
  31. 31. 4. Digging In
  32. 32. Digging In When digging into research, it usually is a good idea to look for several different kinds of resources, including newspapers, magazines, scholarly journals, books and websites. A. True B. False
  33. 33. Digging In When digging into research, it usually is a good idea to look for several different kinds of resources, including newspapers, magazines, scholarly journals, books and websites. A. True B. False
  34. 34. Digging In Including trustworthily dictionaries, encyclopedias, periodical articles and books in your initial research will make you a better judge. A. True B. False
  35. 35. Digging In Including trustworthily dictionaries, encyclopedia, periodical, articles and books in your initial research will make you a better judge. A. True B. False
  36. 36. Digging In When looking for website, which is least important for deciding whether a website is appropriate for your assignment? A. The information on the website has a trustworthy and identifiable author. B. The website is published by a trustworthy and identifiable organization C. The website is popular and showed up first in a Google search. D. The information on the website has recently been updated and includes a date.
  37. 37. Digging In When looking for website, which is least important for deciding whether a website is appropriate for your assignment? A. The information on the website has a trustworthy and identifiable author. B. The website is published by a trustworthy and identifiable organization C. The website is popular and showed up first in a Google search. D. The information on the website has recently been updated and includes a date.
  38. 38. Digging In Most research topics require more than one kind of source… Reducing STDs among American Women Encyclopedia Articles on STDs and their transmission Medical website articles on STD Prevention Scholarly articles on STDs among white American women

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