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The ticTOCs Project: Transforming current awareness

The ticTOCs Project: Transforming current awareness



Slides from a UKSG Breakout Session, April 2008

Slides from a UKSG Breakout Session, April 2008



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The ticTOCs Project: Transforming current awareness The ticTOCs Project: Transforming current awareness Presentation Transcript

  • UKSG Breakout Session The ticTOCs Project: Transforming current awareness 8 th and 9 th April 2008, Riviera International Conference Centre, Torquay
  • ticTOCs men
    • Roddy MacLeod, Heriot-Watt University
    • Terry Bucknell, University of Liverpool
    • http:// www.tictocs.ac.uk /
    ticTOCs website
  • Breakout Session
    • Potential of RSS feeds for journal tables of contents (TOCs)
    • The ticTOCs Project
    • Demonstration of ticTOCs pilot
    • Standards
      • Why they are important in this context
      • Progress of the ticTOCs Project towards recommendations for best practice and standardisation of journal TOCs
      • What publishers can do
    • Development ideas
      • A look at some possible ticTOCs service enhancements
  • Scholarly Journal Current Awareness
  • TOCs, Current Contents, etc
  • Current Contents Current Contents Connect®
  • TOCs by email
  • TOCs by email
    • “ Some users reported that the alerts they themselves had set up ‘haunted them’. I have exactly the same feeling, as sometimes it feels like the alerts I have set for myself are self-inflicted spam”
    • Jonas Holmstrom: Report on 8th European Conference on Digital Libraries (ECDL 2004)
  • TOCs by RSS
    • March 2005 - 13 Publishers with 1,139 titles
    • October 2006 - 38 Publishers with more than 7,000 titles
    • April 2008 – many more publishers, 000s more titles!
  • TOCs by RSS
    • American Chemical Society
    • American Institute of Physics
    • American Physical Society
    • Annual Reviews
    • ANSI Journals
    • BioMed Central
    • Blackwell Synergy
    • BMJ Journals
    • CALIBER - University of California Press
    • Cambridge Journals Online
    • Cell Press
    • International Union of Crystallography
    • EDP Sciences
    • Emerald
    • Haworth Press
    • HighWire Press
    • Hindawi Publishing Coporation
    • IEEE Xplore
    • Inderscience
    • Ingenta Connect
    • Institute of Physics
    • Karger Publishers
    • Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    • Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
    • MIT Press
    • Nature Publishing Group
    • New England Journal of Medicine
    • New Scientist
    • New Statesman
    • Oxford University Press
    • Peeters Publishers
    • PLoS - Public Library of Science journals
    • Project MUSE
    • Royal Society of Chemistry
    • SAGE Publications
    • Science
    • ScienceDirect
    • SIAM
    • Springer
    • Taylor & Francis informaworld
    • Thieme –
    • Wiley InterScience
    • Zetoc
  • TOCs by RSS
    • TOC RSS feeds potentially make things easier for the end-user
    • Read them when they want, in a place of their choosing
    • Easy to change or cancel subscriptions
    • Re-use possibilities, etc
  • Exploitation of current content
    • Publisher revenues $5 billion p/a STM journals.
    • UK higher education journal subs = £94.5 million.
    • 20,000 – 25,000 Peer Reviewed journals.
    • 200,000 researchers UK, 5.5 million globally.
    • Efficient exploitation of latest issues is vital for publishers, researchers and authors.
  • ticTOCs www.tictocs.ac.uk
    • Project to develop a freely available current awareness service which will make it easy for academics and researchers to find, display, store, combine and reuse journal tables of contents (TOCs) from multiple publishers in a personalisable website, and also facilitate the export of TOC RSS feeds to feedreaders of choice.
  • ticTOCs partners Not-for-profit Universities, etc For profit publishers, etc
  • Personalisable Web environment Select Store Aggregate Export Display Export items to bibliographic management services Re-use metadata ticTOCs Directory of Publishers’ TOC RSS Feeds Community Networking possibilities Content Full text
    • You definitely won’t have to be an RSS geek to use ticTOCs.
    • If you are one, however, there’s more still.
  • More information
    • Research Information , Issue 33, December 2007/January 2008
    • Free Pint , No 234
    • Multimedia Information & Technology , Vol 34 no 1, Feb 2008.
    • News from ticTOCs blog
  • ticTOCs beta Demonstration
    • http://www.tictocs.ac.uk
    • Is definitely ‘Beta’
    • # of feeds (April 4 th ) 6446
    • Search by word(s) in title
    • Search by publisher
    • Display a TOC – full text links – RSS icon
    • You don’t have to register, but if you do – retained MyTOCs
    • Export feeds as OPML feature
  • Standards
    • Why they are important in this context
    • Progress of the ticTOCs Project towards recommendations for best practice and standardisation of journal TOCs
    • What publishers can do
  • Standards – Why They Matter
    • Different structure / content means:
      • Different processing in our back-end
        • More difficult to build & maintain
      • Different appearance in our front-end
        • Blank spaces instead of content
        • ‘Inappropriate’ content
        • Inconsistent user experience
  • Standards – Example Issues 1
    • RSS 1.0, RSS 2.0 or Atom
    • Latest issue, several issues, articles in press?
    • Feeds that require registration/login first
    • Dynamically generated feeds (slow)
    • Invalid feeds – fail RSS validator tests
    • HTML mark-up in feeds
    • Empty elements
  • Standards – Example Issues 2
    • What should a feed’s <title> contain? e.g.
    • <title>Nature</title>
    • <title>BMJ Current Issue</title>
    • <title>British Journal of Visual Impairment current issue</title>
    • <title>Journal of Geophysics and Engineering latest papers</title>
    • <title>British Journal of Criminology – current issue</title>
    • <title>Journal of managerial psychology: table of contents</title>
    • <title>Science Direct Publication: Biochemical and Biophysical research communications</title>
    • <title>SpringerLink - Journal</title> !!!
    • <title>Blackwell Synergy: International Journal of Cosmetic Science: Table of Contents</title>
  • Standards – Example Issues 3
    • How to encode author names
      • separate authors in separate <dc:creator> fields
      • all authors together in one <dc:creator> field
      • all authors together in <description> field (!)
    • How to structure author names
      • <dc:creator>Andrew Hede <dc:creator>
      • <dc:creator>Hede, A<dc:creator>
      • <dc:creator>Chen, Xioa-bo <dc:creator>
      • <dc:creator>Smith, A. , Frank, L.<dc:creator>
    • Similarly for publication dates…
  • Towards RSS TOC Standards
    • Recommendations Sub-Group, including:
      • Geoffrey Bilder (CrossRef)
      • Leigh Dodds (Ingenta)
      • Tony Hammond (NPG)
      • Richard O’Beirne (OUP)
    • Meeting soon to draft recommendations
    • Seek endorsement from CrossRef Technical Working Group
    • Will become CrossRef/ticTOCs recommendations
    • ticTOCs and CrossRef will publicise them to publishers
    • Publishers, please implement them!
  • Towards Sustainability
    • So far obtained/created OPML files through contacting publishers, screen-scraping etc.
    • Need automated way to maintain RSS feed metadata
    • Soon publishers will be able to submit details of their RSS feeds to CrossRef
    • ticTOCs will draw on data from CrossRef
    • So could other feed readers
  • Development Ideas
    • Look at a few things currently under planning/development
    • Discussion welcome
  • Idea 1 : Subject browsing for TOCs
    • Obtaining Ulrichs subject classifications and DDC from ProQuest
    • Users will be able to navigate a subject tree on ticTOCs site to select journals
    • Gateways, libraries etc. will be able to query by DDC to obtain OPML file of feeds for re-use in their subject-based sites/pages
  • Idea 2 : Search within all items
    • ticTOCs includes more than 6,000 of the most recent journal TOCs, from more than 30 publishers (with more to come) and these TOCs contain details of over 100,000 scholarly articles.
    • How useful would it be to be able to search, by keyword(s), within this ‘moving target database’ (i.e. only items from the most recent TOCs will be included from each journal) of current content?
  • Idea 2 : Search within all items cont’d
  • Idea 3 : Export to bibliographic management software
    • Content on ticTOCs is by its very nature ephemeral
    • Need facilities for users to keep permanent record of useful articles
    • Facilities to all users to export / tag articles to RefWorks / Connotea / del.icio.us etc.
    • Records/tags will refer to article at publishers’ sites, not on ticTOCs
  • Idea 4 : Alerts
    • Alerts – How useful would it be if someone, who had registered with ticTOCs and had stored some TOCs in MyTOCs, could then request that they be alerted by email, on a frequency of their choice , about the new TOCs from those in their MyTOCs?
    • e.g. a user identifies some feeds of interest as MyTOCs, and we subsequently email them details of those TOCs for which new content is available, on a frequency of their choice .
  • Idea 4 : Alerts cont’d
    • Here is your monthly update from ticTOCs. The following journal Tables of Content have new items:
      • Journal of Management (6 items)
      • Management and Organisation (8 items)
      • Management in Education (12 items)
      • Click here to access these TOCs.
  • Idea 5 : Filtering
    • Many TOCs are very long and researchers are very busy
    • Set up filters on feeds (by article title, author etc.) so that only relevant articles appear in feeds
    • Single filter across all chosen feeds, or apply filter to a single feeds
  • Idea 6 : Embedding feeds
    • How useful would it be if ticTOCs included Code for easy embedding of a TOC RSS feed elsewhere?
  • Idea 6 : Embedding feeds cont’d
  • Idea 6 : Embedding feeds cont’d
  • Thankyou!
    • See News from ticTOCs http://tictocsnews.wordpress.com/ for results from this discussion