Water Poverty


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  • Water Poverty

    1. 1. WATER POVERTY A Global Crisis NS 642 with Dr. Toebe Presented by Liberty Joy, RN
    2. 2. In November 2006, the United Nations declared water a “global crisis.” (Schulte, 2007)
    3. 3. What is water poverty? <ul><li>1/6 world population (1.1 billion people) no access </li></ul><ul><li>2/5 (2.4 billion people) lack hygienic sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 million children die every year </li></ul><ul><li>Affects all poor people, but particularly women (Short, n.d.) </li></ul><ul><li>80% of all illness are caused by water-borne diseases (in developing countries). At any point in time, over 2 billion people are infected with water- or soil-borne diseases, 300 million of them are seriously ill. (WV) </li></ul>
    4. 4. (Hugo Ahlenius, 2002) Worldwide water poverty index
    5. 5. Faces of Water Poverty
    6. 6. Water Gives Life <ul><li>Water: essential part of life and is the most basic foundation for human progress. </li></ul><ul><li>For the world’s poorest people, not having enough water means the inability to maintain the most basic functions of life: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>keeping children healthy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>quenching thirst </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>proper nutrition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>keeping clean </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>limits the potential for children to receive an education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>limits a family’s ability to earn a living </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Effects are long-lasting </li></ul><ul><li>Cycle of poverty </li></ul>
    7. 7. Faces of Water Poverty
    8. 8. <ul><li>860,000 preventable deaths a year </li></ul><ul><li>No water to spare for crops or livestock </li></ul><ul><li>With improved water: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cultivate farmland </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>raise livestock </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>more food </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>better nutrition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>generate income by selling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>crops at the market. (WV) </li></ul></ul></ul>Nutrition
    9. 9. <ul><li>1.4 million preventable child deaths a year from diarrhea (Pruss-Uslun, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>handwashing with soap and water=reduction of diarrheal diseases by 40%. </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER preventable DISEASES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lymphatic filariasis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schistosomiasis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trachoma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intestinal nematode infections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drowning </li></ul></ul>Reducing Disease
    10. 10. <ul><li>Women and children shoulder the major responsibility of collecting water. </li></ul><ul><li>With access to water: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>women and children don’t have to spend entire day lugging water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>free women to participate more in society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>free women to fair hygiene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>women can earn an income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>healthier pregnancies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>breastfeeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>children can go to school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>children will be healthier and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>able to concentrate in class. (WV) </li></ul></ul>Opportunities for women and children
    11. 11. <ul><li>“ When families are given access to clean water, life can be turned around, hygiene and sanitation improves, health recovers, school attendance rises and productivity increases. Time and again, water projects around the world have proved to be a crucial part of poverty reduction” (World Vision) </li></ul>The Goal of Ending Water Poverty
    12. 12. Faces of water poverty Now that she has installed a water tank, his woman in Lesotho is using rainwater to keep her vegetables thriving, especially in drought season .
    13. 13. <ul><li>to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe water and basic sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>ensure that all schools have adequate child-friendly water and sanitation facilities, and hygiene education program. </li></ul>The Millennium Development Goals for water and sanitation:
    14. 14. Faces of water poverty Children on Buka Island in Papua New Guinea no longer have to risk their lives climbing down a 100-m cliff to collect water, now that there are water catchment tanks in their village.
    15. 15. Informative Links <ul><li>Organizations helping to end water poverty </li></ul><ul><li>www.ourplanet.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.wateraid.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.endwaterpoverty.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.unicef.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.bloodwatermission.com </li></ul>
    16. 16. References <ul><li>How to prevent a tenth of the global disease burden [Electronic Version]. (2008) [Editorial]. The Lancet, 371. 2145. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping sanitation in the international spotlight [Electronic Version]. (2008) [Editorial]. The Lancet, 371. 1045. </li></ul><ul><li>Pruss-Ustun, A., Bos, R., Gore, F., Bartram, J. (2008). Safer water, better health. World Health Organization. Geneva: WHO. </li></ul><ul><li>Schulte, B. [Electronic Version]. (2007, June 4). A world of thirst. U.S. News & World Report , 142 (20), 50-53. </li></ul><ul><li>Short, C. (n.d.) Tackling water poverty. Retrieved October 1, 2008 from http://www.ourplanet.com/ imgversn/122/short.html </li></ul><ul><li>Water and poverty: the connection (n.d.) World Vision Australia. Retrieved September 30, 2008 from http://www.worldvision.com.au/ wvconnect/content.asp?topicID=173 </li></ul><ul><li>Water, environment and sanitation (n.d.) Unicef. Retrieved October 7, 2008 from http://www.unicef.org/wes/index_3951.html </li></ul>