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European digitisation activity
 

European digitisation activity

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The European Information Landscape...

The European Information Landscape
LIBER and Europeana Travel
LIBER and Early European Books
Copyright and IPR
Digital Preservation
European policy on Open Access
EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information
LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access

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    European digitisation activity European digitisation activity Presentation Transcript

    • European Digitisation Activity:Issues for the creation of a digitalEuropeDr Paul AyrisDirector of UCL Library Services and UCL Copyright OfficerPresident of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries)p.ayris@ucl.ac.uk
    • Contents1. The European Information Landscape2. LIBER and Europeana Travel3. LIBER and Early European Books4. Copyright and IPR5. Digital Preservation6. European policy on Open Access o EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information o LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access7. Conclusions
    • Contents1. The European Information Landscape2. LIBER and Europeana Travel3. LIBER and Early European Books4. Copyright and IPR5. Digital Preservation6. European policy on Open Access o EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information o LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access7. Conclusions
    • Local VRE/VLE/ Student/UCL Library Prescribed core readings holdings local web systems and textbooks Paper and e-Research collaborations; Pay fees; book residences; Books/Journals/ Primary data; Group pay fines; see course and Core textbooks (STM); AV/Digital Collections project work; Learning exam marks; see loans Digital readings (AHSS) and Archives interface information Digitised/born- digital materials E-Journals, E-Books, YouTube, FaceBook, Flickr Global resources - free mass digitisation Google interface to External contentSocial networking tools Internet subscribed and free
    • Contents1. The European Information Landscape2. LIBER and Europeana Travel3. LIBER and Early European Books4. Copyright and IPR5. Digital Preservation6. European policy on Open Access o EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information o LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access7. Conclusions
    • Europeana Travel See http://www.europeanatravel.eu/ LIBER project launched at Tallinn in May 2009 Completed in May 2011  See http://www.libereurope.eu/ National Library of Latvia  and an article on Europeana Travel at http://liber.library.uu.nl/publish/issues/2009-2/index.html?000469 €1,000,000 project, funded by EU Aim was to digitise over 1,000,000 units of content on the themes of Travel, Tourism and Exploration and to make these materials available via the Europeana portal at http://www.europeana.eu/
    • Partners 19 project partners  Includes 10 National Libraries  6 University and Research Libraries Göttingen State and University Library Lund University Library Moravian Library in Brno Trinity College Dublin UCL (University College London) University Library of Innsbruck University Library of Regensburg UCL SSEES
    • Content Output UnitsImages 33,300Pages 193,650Maps 5,857Books 15,879Documents 18,300Glass Plates 3,733Film Negatives 25,000Photographic Objects 11,600Journal Pages 155,000Shellacs 30Postcards 180,000Manuscripts / Graphic sheets 604
    • User Needs Involvement Country General reading Google minded All partnersGeneral User Native interface Uses You Tube Homework Uses Web 2.0 All partnersSchool children Native interface Research matter Specific material All partnersAcademic User Trusted sources Advanced searchExpert Pay for Value Specific material All partnersResearcher Added services? Advanced searchLibrarian / Best practice Target for Whole of EuropeArchivist Add information dissemination
    • Issues with this approach to digitisation Fantastic content …but Project was only 50% funded by the Commission European Research Libraries do not have digitisation as a budget heading in their operational budgets Only material out of copyright could be included because rights clearance would have been too complex National & University No centralised arrangements for Library of Slovenia the digital preservation of content
    • Contents1. The European Information Landscape2. LIBER and Europeana Travel3. LIBER and Early European Books4. Copyright and IPR5. Digital Preservation6. European policy on Open Access o EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information o LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access7. Conclusions
    • Early European Books LIBER chairs the Early European Books Advisory Board A commercial offering from ProQuest Aim is to create high-quality digitised content for ALL Europe’s printed output between 1475 and 1700  Builds on the very successful EEBO service (Early English Books Online) Typically, nation’s output is 50% in Latin and 50% in the vernacular Business model is subscription based for at least 10 years, Open Access to the work thereafter  Open Access in the country of origin from day 1
    • Making digitised content relevant Principal feature of the offering is the mass of content being made available – aim is for complete European coverage Open Access is a feature of this commercial offering  Materials will be available to the world, free at point of use, after a minimum of 10 years Partner is respected as a world leader in offering digital content to the research community For list of packages currently available  See http://eeb.chadwyck.com/marketing/about.jsp
    • Contents1. The European Information Landscape2. LIBER and Europeana Travel3. LIBER and Early European Books4. Copyright and IPR5. Digital Preservation6. European policy on Open Access o EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information o LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access7. Conclusions
    • Copyright and IPR (Intellectual Property Rights) How can Openness be embedded in the European Information landscape? World will not become Open Access overnight Steps can be taken to change the current way the world works – for education and research to enjoy the results which more openness brings The EU should make changes to the current EU copyright framework Hargreaves Report in UK urges a number of changes to the UK copyright framework and a closer linkage between UK and EU legislative positions  See http://www.ipo.gov.uk/ipreview-finalreport.pdf
    • Copyright and IPR (Intellectual Property Rights) There should be a fair dealing exemption for text and data mining for non- commercial use  This would strengthen research across the EU EU should identify ways for extended collective licensing to take place for out of commerce and orphan works  so that these materials can be digitised for the benefit of research and education EU should ensure that contracts and licences cannot overturn Fair Dealing exemptions, as currently happens Fair dealing exemptions should also cover format shifting to allow libraries and memory institutions to digitally preserve for the long term the digital content that European researchers use and need Were this progress in the EU’s copyright/IPR frameworks to be made, Member States could follow suit  Greater openness would result if these changes were made.
    • Contents1. The European Information Landscape2. LIBER and Europeana Travel3. LIBER and Early European Books4. Copyright and IPR5. Digital Preservation6. European policy on Open Access o EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information o LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access7. Conclusions
    • Digital Preservation US-UK Blue Ribbon Task Force on Economically-Sustainable Digital Preservation laid out the conditions that should prevail in order for the scholarly outputs of researchers to be digitally preserved for the long term  See http://www.jisc.ac.uk/brtf A number of scenarios looked at the level of preparation of various communities to undertake digital preservation  Academic libraries were amongst the best prepared  US Film Industry, by contrast, was not.  Jon Landau, the producer of Avatar, was honest in saying that no arrangements had been made for the digital preservation of his film  It was not clear whose responsibility to undertake that work it was
    • Digital Preservation European research needs sustainable infrastructures for long-term access to digital materials Key Questions  Roles and Responsibilities  Does everyone need to undertake digital preservation, or can it be left to a chosen few?  What infrastructure is needed to deliver long-term access?  Who will pay?  How much will it cost?  Does copyright legislation at the EU and Member State level need to change?
    • Digital Preservation – LIBER and APARSEN LIBER is a partner in the APARSEN Best Practice network on Digital Preservation Economically-sustainable digital preservation requires:  Recognition of the benefits of digital preservation on the part of key decision-makers  Incentives for the decision-makers to act in the public interest  A process for selecting digital materials for long-term preservation  Mechanisms to secure an ongoing, efficient allocation of resources to digital preservation activities  Appropriate governance of digital preservation activities
    • LIBER and APARSEN LIBER will look at the level of preparation in Europe to adopt the Blue Ribbon Task Force’s recommendations  Led by Austrian National Library and the University of Patras LIBER will survey key stakeholders with an interest in digital preservation 4 stakeholder categories  Research Data  Scholarly Discourse  Collectively-created Content  Commercially-owned Cultural Content The National and International agencies category of stakeholders identified by the Blue Ribbon report will also be contacted Result will be a comprehensive Report on the situation in Europe
    • Contents1. The European Information Landscape2. LIBER and Europeana Travel3. LIBER and Early European Books4. Copyright and IPR5. Digital Preservation6. European policy on Open Access o EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information o LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access7. Conclusions
    • EU Consultation EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information took place in Luxembourg on 31 May 2011  LIBER’s Statement is available at http://www.libereurope.eu/news/llber- statement-at-the-public-hearing-on-access-to-and-preservation-of- scientific-information-l Statement covers:  Open Access  Copyright reform  Digital Preservation EU will be consulting further with a view to issuing an EU Directive
    • LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access A consortium of 22 research-intensive universities in Europe  See http://www.leru.org/index.php/public/home/. LERU is committed to  Education through an awareness of the frontiers of human understanding  Creation of new knowledge through basic research, which is the ultimate source of innovation in society  Promotion of research across a broad front, which creates a unique capacity to re-configure activities in response to new opportunities and problems The purpose of the League is to advocate these values, to influence policy in Europe and to develop best practice through mutual exchange of experience
    • LERU LERU wanted to know what position, if any, it should take on the Open Access debate General meeting of LERU Chief Information Officers/University Librarians in December 2009  Appointed a Working Group to draw up a LERU Roadmap towards Open Access  Road Map was considered by LERU Vice-Chancellors at their meetings in London (2009) and Paris (2010)  Being launched in Brussels on 17 June 2011
    • LERU Purpose of the Roadmap is to offer guidance on how to position your University in the European Open Access landscape Builds on the Open Access Statement of the European Universities Association  See http://www.eua.be/eua-work-and-policy-area/research-and- innovation/Open-Access.aspx A Roadmap for all European Universities, not just LERU members
    • LERU Roadmap addresses … Open Access in a wider context: Open Scholarship and Open Knowledge Advocacy Statement on behalf of LERU Universities The LERU Roadmap – an Exposition The Green route for Open Access – Steps to Take LERU and the Gold route for Open Access Models of Best Practice to support the Roadmap Benefits for researchers, Universities and Society LERU is considering European E-Press developments
    • Contents1. The European Information Landscape2. LIBER and Europeana Travel3. LIBER and Early European Books4. Copyright and IPR5. Digital Preservation6. European policy on Open Access o EU Consultation on Access to, and Preservation of, Scientific Information o LERU Roadmap Towards Open Access7. Conclusions
    • Conclusions For the European digital landscape to work:  Universities will undertake large-scale digitisation using a variety of Business Models  Copyright and IPR frameworks are in need of reform  Digital Preservation needs to be embedded at institutional and project level to guarantee long-term access  Leading European research Universities have a Roadmap for Open Access and are investigating Open Access dissemination routes seriously
    • If you have been… Thanks for listening Further discussion to follow in Panel discussion