War of 1812

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War of 1812

  1. 1. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. 1. N a p o l e o n i c W a r sQ 1806  Berlin Decrees [“Continental System”]Q 1806  Britain issued the “Orders in Council.”Q 1807  Milan DecreesQ 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.
  3. 3. 2 . C he s a pe a ke -Q L e o p a r d “ A f f a ir ” June 21, 1807.Q Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake.Q 3 dead, 18 wounded.Q Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake.Q Jefferson’s Response:  Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports.  Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.
  4. 4. 3 . Th e E m b a r g o A c t ( 18 0 7 )The “ O G R A B M E ” T u r t le
  5. 5. P r e s id e n t ia lE l e c t i o n o f 18 0 8
  6. 6. J a m e s M a d is o n B e c ome s P r e s id e n t
  7. 7. D o lly M a d is o n : T h e P r e s id e n t ’ s G re a te s t A s s e t
  8. 8. 4 . Th e N o n -Q Replaced thec o u r Act. I n t e r Embargo s e A c tQ Remained U. S. 18 0 until 1812. ( policy 9 )Q Unexpected Consequences:  N. Eng. was forced to become self- sufficient again [old factories reopened].  Laid the groundwork for US industrial power.  Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!
  9. 9. 5 . B r . In s t ig a t io n o f In d ia n s British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh
  10. 10. B a t t le o fQ T i p p e c Henry o e , 18 11 General William a n Harrison  governor of the Indiana Territory.Q Invited Native Indian chiefs to Ft. Wayne, IN to sign away 3 mil. acres of land to the US government.Q Tecumseh organized a confederacy of Indian tribes to fight for their homelands.Q Tecumseh’s brother fought against Harrison and was defeated at Tippecanoe.Q This made Harrison a national hero! [1840 election  Tippecanoe & Tyler, too!]
  11. 11. “ Wa r H a w ks ” John C. Calhoun [SC]Henry Clay [KY]
  12. 12. P r e s id e n t ia lE l e c t i o n o f 18 12
  13. 13. “ M r . M a d is o n ’ s W a r !”
  14. 14. A m e r ic a n P r o b le m sQ The US was unprepared militarily:  Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships.  Americans disliked a draft  preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias.Q Financially unprepared:  Flood of paper $.  Revenue from import tariffs declined.Q Regional disagreements.
  15. 15. O ve rvi ewo f the Wa r of 18 12
  16. 16. 3 U. S . In v a s io n s of 18 12
  17. 17. C a m p a ig n s o f 18 13
  18. 18. B a t t le o f F o r t M c H e n r y, 18 14Oh Say Can You SeeBy the Dawn’s Early Light… -- Francis Scott Key
  19. 19. G a ve p ro o f thro ug h t h e n ig h t , T h a t o u r f la g w a s s t ill t h e r e . .
  20. 20. A tta c k o n F t.O s w e g o , 18 14
  21. 21. H a rtfo r d C o n v e n t io nD e c e m b e r , 18 14 – J a n u a r y , 18 15
  22. 22. Tr e a ty o f G h e n t De c e mbe r 2 4 , 18 14
  23. 23. T h e B a t t le o f N e w O r l e a n s , 18 15
  24. 24. T h e B a t t le of New O r le a n s , 18 15
  25. 25. J a c k s o n ’ s F lo r id a C a m p a ig n s

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