1. N a p o l e o n i c W a r sQ 1806 Berlin Decrees [“Continental System”]Q 1806 Britain issued the “Orders in Council.”Q 1807 Milan DecreesQ 1808-1811 Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.
2 . C he s a pe a ke -Q L e o p a r d “ A f f a ir ” June 21, 1807.Q Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake.Q 3 dead, 18 wounded.Q Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake.Q Jefferson’s Response: Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports. Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.
3 . Th e E m b a r g o A c t ( 18 0 7 )The “ O G R A B M E ” T u r t le
P r e s id e n t ia lE l e c t i o n o f 18 0 8
J a m e s M a d is o n B e c ome s P r e s id e n t
D o lly M a d is o n : T h e P r e s id e n t ’ s G re a te s t A s s e t
4 . Th e N o n -Q Replaced thec o u r Act. I n t e r Embargo s e A c tQ Remained U. S. 18 0 until 1812. ( policy 9 )Q Unexpected Consequences: N. Eng. was forced to become self- sufficient again [old factories reopened]. Laid the groundwork for US industrial power. Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!
5 . B r . In s t ig a t io n o f In d ia n s British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh
B a t t le o fQ T i p p e c Henry o e , 18 11 General William a n Harrison governor of the Indiana Territory.Q Invited Native Indian chiefs to Ft. Wayne, IN to sign away 3 mil. acres of land to the US government.Q Tecumseh organized a confederacy of Indian tribes to fight for their homelands.Q Tecumseh’s brother fought against Harrison and was defeated at Tippecanoe.Q This made Harrison a national hero! [1840 election Tippecanoe & Tyler, too!]
“ Wa r H a w ks ” John C. Calhoun [SC]Henry Clay [KY]
P r e s id e n t ia lE l e c t i o n o f 18 12
A m e r ic a n P r o b le m sQ The US was unprepared militarily: Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships. Americans disliked a draft preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias.Q Financially unprepared: Flood of paper $. Revenue from import tariffs declined.Q Regional disagreements.