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Chapter 12                                                            Political Parties                                   ...
Political Parties  Organized effort to gain power through elections.  Consist of three entities.  Governmental party, o...
Roots of the Party System  Federalists and Democratic-Republicans were earliest.  1820s Era of Good Feelings is relative...
Twentieth-Century Party System  1876-1912 was Golden Age of parties due to machines.  Parties weakened in the modern era...
Party Realignment  During a realignment, party coalitions change.  Critical elections put key issues into perspective. ...
Functions of the Party System  Mobilizing support and building coalitions.  Encouraging stability in the political syste...
Minor Parties  Winner-take-all system makes it difficult to win office.  Sharp contrast to proportional systems used els...
Party Organization  National committees, which hold conventions.  State committees.  Local committees.  Informal group...
Party in Government  Parties play a major role in organizing Congress.  Parties shape perceptions of presidents.  Presi...
Party in the Electorate  Party identification shapes political worldview.  May be shaped by demographic characteristics....
Dealignment and Party Strength  Argument that we are in a period of dealignment.  Voters are much less likely to identif...
AV- Partisan Identification                                                 Back
Figure 12.1- American Party History                                                        Back
Figure 12.2- Realigning Elections                                                      Back
Figure 12.3- Party Organization                                                    Back
Figure 12.4- Political Party Finances                                                           Back
Figure 12.5- Congressional Party Unity                                                       Back
Figure 12.6- Gender Gap                                           Back
Table 12.1- Party Platforms                                                Back
Table 12.2- Party Identification by Group                                                        Back
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Transcript of "0205684181ch12 101030134433-phpapp02"

  1. 1. Chapter 12 Political Parties To Accompany Comprehensive, Alternate, and Texas EditionsAmerican Government: Roots and Reform, 10th editionKaren O’Connor and Larry J. Sabato Pearson Education, 2009
  2. 2. Political Parties  Organized effort to gain power through elections.  Consist of three entities.  Governmental party, or the office holders.  Organizational party, or the workers and activists.  Party in the electorate, or the voters.
  3. 3. Roots of the Party System  Federalists and Democratic-Republicans were earliest.  1820s Era of Good Feelings is relatively party-free.  Whigs and Democrats after 1832.  Development of the Republican Party in 1854.
  4. 4. Twentieth-Century Party System  1876-1912 was Golden Age of parties due to machines.  Parties weakened in the modern era.  Development of direct primary system.  Changes in civil service laws.  Growth of candidate-centered and issue-oriented politics.  Increase in ticket-splitting.
  5. 5. Party Realignment  During a realignment, party coalitions change.  Critical elections put key issues into perspective.  1800, 1860, and 1932 were critical elections.  No uniform realignment has occurred since 1932.  Political system characterized by secular realignment.
  6. 6. Functions of the Party System  Mobilizing support and building coalitions.  Encouraging stability in the political system.  Providing accountability for public policy.  Running candidates for office.  Providing a cue for voters.  Formulating policy through a national party platform.
  7. 7. Minor Parties  Winner-take-all system makes it difficult to win office.  Sharp contrast to proportional systems used elsewhere.  Rooted in sectionalism, protest, issues, and people.  Do best when there is little trust in other parties.  Can have success in putting issues on agenda.
  8. 8. Party Organization  National committees, which hold conventions.  State committees.  Local committees.  Informal groups, such as PACs and think tanks.  Changed dramatically in recent years.  New rules about soft and hard money have played role.
  9. 9. Party in Government  Parties play a major role in organizing Congress.  Parties shape perceptions of presidents.  Presidents--to varying degrees--act as party leaders.  Party may predict some judicial decisions.
  10. 10. Party in the Electorate  Party identification shapes political worldview.  May be shaped by demographic characteristics.  South, middle-aged, and white-collar more Republican.  Evangelicals and married more Republican.  Women, minorities, and Jews more Democratic.  Unions, advanced degrees, and single more Democratic.
  11. 11. Dealignment and Party Strength  Argument that we are in a period of dealignment.  Voters are much less likely to identify with a party.  Result of the growth in issue-oriented politics.  Parties are important in electorate and in government.  Parties continue to be competitive with one another.
  12. 12. AV- Partisan Identification  Back
  13. 13. Figure 12.1- American Party History  Back
  14. 14. Figure 12.2- Realigning Elections  Back
  15. 15. Figure 12.3- Party Organization  Back
  16. 16. Figure 12.4- Political Party Finances  Back
  17. 17. Figure 12.5- Congressional Party Unity  Back
  18. 18. Figure 12.6- Gender Gap  Back
  19. 19. Table 12.1- Party Platforms  Back
  20. 20. Table 12.2- Party Identification by Group  Back

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