The Korean War
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The Korean War

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    The Korean War The Korean War Presentation Transcript

    • THE KOREAN WAR: 1950-1953A WAR OF PROXY
    • PRE-WAR KOREA BASICS Located in Eastern Asia Annexed by Japan in 1910, and remained so until 1945 (the end of World War II) During WWII, Koreans were forced by the Japanese in to labor camps and the sex trade
    • THE DIVISION OF KOREA  The end of World War II saw the division of Korea  Land north of the 38 th Parallel became an occupation of the Soviet Union  Land south of the 38 th Parallel became an occupation of the United States  The US did not want to Soviets to occupy all of Korea as it may have eventually led into Soviet occupation of Japan
    • THE 38 TH PARALLEL
    • POST-DIVISION ELECTIONS1948 marked elections in both North Korea and South KoreaNorth Korea held Parliamentary elections; established Communist North Korean governmentSouth Korea held national general elections; established “The Republic of Korea”Election time and after was plagued by violent resistance on both fronts
    • WAR BEGINSEarly 1950 – Newly elected North Korean leader Kim Il-sung meets with leaders of Soviet Union and China to discuss invasion of South Korea in attempts to unify the country under communist ruleJune 25th 1950 – North Korean People’s Army (KPA) crosses 38 th Parallel to invade South Korea
    • US INTERVENTION President Harry Truman commits US naval and military forces to support South Korea on June 29 th , 1950, condemni ng North Korea and its actions But Why?
    • WHY THE US WAS INVOLVED Cold War insecurities concerning communism were on the rise The Korean conflict was an opportunity for the US to publically support a noncommunist government from communist invasion North Korean anti-American Propaganda
    • BASIC TIMELINE: JULY-NOVEMBER 1950 • North Korean armies make it to the southern peninsula of Korea North KoreaAdvances South • UN declares N. Korea an aggressor and sends troops • US General MacArthur leads troops victoriously in Inchon to push the North Korean armies out of South Korea North Korea Retreats • War wages over land and air • November 1950 Chinese armies intervene as UN troops move closer to their territory China gets involved • UN and S. Korean troops are pushed back towards 38th Parallel
    • IMPORTANT FACTORS IN WARFARENaval forcesGround troopsAir Power and raids (most important)Advanced weaponsTrench warfare became prominent in mid- 1951
    • STALEMATE AND RESOLUTION By mid-1951, land battles were at a stalemate so both sides agreed to go to the bargaining table Talks went on for 2 years A main hang-up was the outcome of thousands of POWs July 1953 marked Operation Big Switch where thousands of prisoners from both sides were freed A Demilitarized Zone was established at the North/South Korean border with a UN commission put in place to supervise This essentially marked the end of the war
    • APPROXIMATE DEATH TOLLS 2.5 million North Korean soldiers and civilians 1.5 million South Korean soldiers and civilians 1 million Chinese soldiers and civilians 55 thousand American soldiers 500 Canadian soldiers 300 Australian soldiers A further 5000 UN soldiers from a number of different countries all lost their lives in the Korean war Stats from History Channel
    • KOREAN WAR AS A PROXY WARThe Korean War marked the rise of the two super-powers of the Cold War: the Soviets and the USThis proxy war set the stage for the rest of the Cold WarThis was the first war with UN involvement
    • KOREA POST WARSouth Korea’s economy was able to stabilize and it has become one of the fastest growing in the worldNorth Korea remained a “hermit state” and is still underdeveloped by modern standards