PRE-WAR KOREA BASICS Located in Eastern Asia Annexed by Japan in 1910, and remained so until 1945 (the end of World War II) During WWII, Koreans were forced by the Japanese in to labor camps and the sex trade
THE DIVISION OF KOREA The end of World War II saw the division of Korea Land north of the 38 th Parallel became an occupation of the Soviet Union Land south of the 38 th Parallel became an occupation of the United States The US did not want to Soviets to occupy all of Korea as it may have eventually led into Soviet occupation of Japan
POST-DIVISION ELECTIONS1948 marked elections in both North Korea and South KoreaNorth Korea held Parliamentary elections; established Communist North Korean governmentSouth Korea held national general elections; established “The Republic of Korea”Election time and after was plagued by violent resistance on both fronts
WAR BEGINSEarly 1950 – Newly elected North Korean leader Kim Il-sung meets with leaders of Soviet Union and China to discuss invasion of South Korea in attempts to unify the country under communist ruleJune 25th 1950 – North Korean People’s Army (KPA) crosses 38 th Parallel to invade South Korea
US INTERVENTION President Harry Truman commits US naval and military forces to support South Korea on June 29 th , 1950, condemni ng North Korea and its actions But Why?
WHY THE US WAS INVOLVED Cold War insecurities concerning communism were on the rise The Korean conflict was an opportunity for the US to publically support a noncommunist government from communist invasion North Korean anti-American Propaganda
BASIC TIMELINE: JULY-NOVEMBER 1950 • North Korean armies make it to the southern peninsula of Korea North KoreaAdvances South • UN declares N. Korea an aggressor and sends troops • US General MacArthur leads troops victoriously in Inchon to push the North Korean armies out of South Korea North Korea Retreats • War wages over land and air • November 1950 Chinese armies intervene as UN troops move closer to their territory China gets involved • UN and S. Korean troops are pushed back towards 38th Parallel
IMPORTANT FACTORS IN WARFARENaval forcesGround troopsAir Power and raids (most important)Advanced weaponsTrench warfare became prominent in mid- 1951
STALEMATE AND RESOLUTION By mid-1951, land battles were at a stalemate so both sides agreed to go to the bargaining table Talks went on for 2 years A main hang-up was the outcome of thousands of POWs July 1953 marked Operation Big Switch where thousands of prisoners from both sides were freed A Demilitarized Zone was established at the North/South Korean border with a UN commission put in place to supervise This essentially marked the end of the war
APPROXIMATE DEATH TOLLS 2.5 million North Korean soldiers and civilians 1.5 million South Korean soldiers and civilians 1 million Chinese soldiers and civilians 55 thousand American soldiers 500 Canadian soldiers 300 Australian soldiers A further 5000 UN soldiers from a number of different countries all lost their lives in the Korean war Stats from History Channel
KOREAN WAR AS A PROXY WARThe Korean War marked the rise of the two super-powers of the Cold War: the Soviets and the USThis proxy war set the stage for the rest of the Cold WarThis was the first war with UN involvement
KOREA POST WARSouth Korea’s economy was able to stabilize and it has become one of the fastest growing in the worldNorth Korea remained a “hermit state” and is still underdeveloped by modern standards
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