Arizona 2013

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Arizona state report; grade 5; American social studies

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Arizona 2013

  1. 1. Arizona The Grand Canyon State May 2013
  2. 2. Fast Facts, History, and State Symbols Demographics and Native American Indians Law, Government, and Economy Geography and Climate Important Cities and Towns Art, Film, Music, and Sports Religion Contents
  3. 3. • ABBREVIATION: AZ • TOTAL AREA: 113,990 sq. miles (6th largest) • POPULATION: 6.6 million people (15th largest) • DENSITY: 57 people per sq. mile (33rd in the US) • CAPITAL CITY: Phoenix • UNION ADMISSION: 14th February, 1912 (48th State) • GOVERNOR: Jan Brewer (Republican) • FAMOUS LANDMARK: The Grand Canyon (approx. 1 mile deep) • HIGHEST POINT: Humphreys Peak (3852 miles) • LONGEST RIVER: Colorado River (1450 miles) • LANGUAGES: English (73%), Spanish (22%), Navajo (2%) Arizona Fast Facts
  4. 4. History 1539 Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan, explored the area 1540 Coronado, a Spanish explorer, explored the area 1690s Father Kino, a member of the Society of Jesus, developed missions 1752 Spain founded presidios (fortified towns) in Tubac 1775 Spain founded presidios in Tucson; the American Indian wars began (thru 1918) 1821 Mexico achieved independence from Spain and formed Alta California 1847 The US occupied Mexico City in the Mexican-American War 1848 The US paid Mexico $15M compensation for the land (~$400M in 2012)* 1853 The US paid Mexico $10M compensation for land below the Gila River 1862 During the American Civil War, The Territory of “Arizona” was claimed by the Confederate States of America on 14th February 1880s Mormons, lead by Brigham Young, settled northern Arizona in Phoenix Valley 1910 The US defeated Mexico in the Mexican Revolution 1912 Arizona became the 48th state admitted to the US Union on 14th February 1920/30s The Great Depression affected Arizona’s cotton farming and copper mining; Tourism saved the state – “old West” dude ranches and hotels 1941 Prisoner of War (POW) camps were developed for Japanese; Native American children were forced to adopt Anglo culture at the Phoenix Indian School 1960s Many retirement villages established for the elderly (known as “snowbirds”) * The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
  5. 5. History
  6. 6. Arizona’s State Symbols – Animate Animate Insignia Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog Bird: Cactus Wren Butterfly: Two-tailed Swallowtail Fish: Apache Trout Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom Mammal: Ring-tailed Cat Reptile: Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake Tree: Palo Verde Arizona Tree Frog Two-Tailed Swallowtail Butterfly
  7. 7. Arizona’s State Symbols – Animate Ring-tailed Cat Cactus Wren
  8. 8. Arizona’s State Symbols – Inanimate Inanimate Insignia Colors: Blue, Old Gold Firearm: Colt Single Action Army Revolver Fossil / rock: Petrified Wood Gemstone: Turquoise Mineral: Fire Agate Ship: USS Arizona Slogan: The Grand Canyon State Soil: Casa Grande Song(s): "Arizona March Song,” "Arizona" (alternate)
  9. 9. Demographics The population of Arizona on July 1, 2012 was 6,553,255. In 2010, illegal immigrants constituted an estimated 8% of the population. This was the second highest percentage of any state in the U.S. * United States Census Bureau 58% 30% 5% 4% 3% 0% Non-Hispanic White Hispanics or Latinos of any race Native American and Alaska Native Black or African American Asian Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
  10. 10. Native American Indians About one-quarter of Arizona is federal land and is home of the Navajo Nation, the Apache tribe, and many other groups: – the Hopi tribe, the Tohono O'odham, the Yavapai people, the Yaqui people, the Zuni people, the Pima people, the Hia C-eḍ O'odham and various Yuman tribes, such as the Yavapai people, the Quechan people, the Mojave people, the Cocopah people, the Paiute people, the Havasupai people and the Hualapai people! Arizona’s Apache County has the highest concentration of speakers of Native American Indian languages in the United States. Over 85,000 people speak Navajo at home. Over 10,000 people speak Apache at home, (2005).
  11. 11. Law and Government State Legislative Branch  The Arizona Legislature is “bicameral” (like every other state except Nebraska) and has a 30-member Senate and a 60-member House of Representatives.  The current majority party is the Republican Party.  Each of the 30 legislative districts has one senator and two representatives. Legislators are elected for two-year terms. State Executive Branch  Arizona’s executive branch is headed by a governor, who is elected to a four- year term. The current governor of Arizona is Jan Brewer. State Judicial Branch  The Arizona Supreme Court is the highest court in Arizona.
  12. 12. Economy  Arizona’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in 2011 was $259 billion.  The economy is larger than countries like Ireland, Finland, and New Zealand.  Phoenix is the hub of the economy; 75% of production happens here.  Median income is $50,448, 22nd in the US, (just below the US median).  Health care, transportation, and the government are the largest sectors.  The State Government is the largest public employer.  Nearly 70% of land in Arizona is owned by the State. The Government leases most of its land to ranchers and miners.  Walmart is the largest private employer.  Once, Arizona was the largest producer of cotton in the country.  Arizona still produces two-thirds of the nation’s copper.
  13. 13. The Four Corners is a region of the United States consisting of the northeastern corner of Arizona, southwestern corner of Colorado, northwestern corner of New Mexico, and southeastern corner of Utah. Arizona is best known for its desert landscape, such as the desert Basin and Range region in the southern portions of the state. Less well known is the pine-covered high country of the Colorado Plateau in the north-central portion of the state. The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in northern Arizona and is nearly 1 mile deep. The canyon is one of the seven natural wonders of the world. Arizona is home to one of the most well-preserved meteorite impact sites in the world. The Barringer Meteorite Crater (or simply, “Meteor Crater”) is in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau and is nearly 1 mile wide. Geography
  14. 14. Geography
  15. 15. Climate  Due to its size, Arizona has a wide variety of local climate conditions.  Arizona has the area with the most days over 100 °F (Phoenix) and the area with the most days below freezing (Flagstaff).  In the lower regions the climate is desert with mild winters and extremely hot summers.  In the northern plateau region the climate is much cooler with cold winters and mild summers.  Average annual rainfall is 12.7 inches.
  16. 16. Important Cities and Towns (Top 15) Name Type Population (2010) Phoenix (Capital) City 1,445,632 Tucson City 520,116 Mesa City 439,041 Chandler City 236,123 Glendale City 226,721 Scottsdale City 217,385 Gilbert Town 208,453 Tempe City 161,719 Peoria City 154,065 Surprise City 117,517 Yuma City 93,064 Avondale City 76,238 Flagstaff City 65,870 Goodyear City 65,275 Lake Havasu City City 52,527 There are 91 cities and towns in Arizona
  17. 17. Art, Film, and Music  Phoenix Art Museum has the Southwest’s largest collection of visual art from around the world.  Several major Hollywood films have been filmed in Arizona including “Raising Arizona,” and Alfred Hitchcock’s “Psycho.”  The state is mentioned in the Beatle’s song “Get Back.” McCartney sings: "JoJo left his home in Tucson, Arizona, for some California grass."
  18. 18. Art, Film, and Music
  19. 19. Sports Clubs and Leagues Football: Arizona Cardinals (NFL) and Arizona Rattlers (AFL) Soccer: Phoenix FC (USL Pro), FC Tucson (USL PDL), Arizona Storm and Real Phoenix FC (PASL) Basketball: Phoenix Suns (NBA), and Phoenix Mercury (WNBA) Baseball: Arizona Diamondbacks (MLB), Tuscan Padres (PCL), and Yuma Scorpions (GBL) Ice Hockey: Phoenix Coyotes and Arizona Sundogs (NHL)
  20. 20. Sports
  21. 21. Religion The Roman Catholic Church has the highest number of members in Arizona (974,883). The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) has the second highest number of members (251,974). This church also has the largest number of congregations in Arizona (805). The Southern Baptist Convention has the third highest (138,516). This church has the second largest number of congregations (323). Religious Affiliations Roman Catholic = 25%, Protestant = 23%, Unaffiliated = 22%, LDS (Mormon) = 4%, Jehovah Witness = 1%, Jewish = 1%, Buddhist = 1%, Other Religions = 4%, Don't Know/Refused = 2%
  22. 22. Sources Internet https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arizona Reference Books “Children’s Atlas of the World”. Sale, Colin. Fog City Press. NSW, Australia. 2007, p45 “Our Fifty States”. Bockenhauer, Mark, and Cunha, Stephen. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC. 2004. pp 169-172

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