BIOMOLECULES



Wednesday, October 7, 2009
a.k.a.




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
a.k.a.

                             Macromolecules




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
a.k.a.

                             Macromolecules

      Polymers



Wednesday, October 7, 2009
a.k.a.

                             Macromolecules

      Polymers

                                   Food
             ...
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Made from linking small subunits
      called...




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Made from linking small subunits
      called...




      monomers
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbohydrates



Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbohydrates
                                 Lipids


Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbohydrates
                                 Lipids
                                Proteins

Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbohydrates
                                 Lipids
                                Proteins
                           ...
Carbs




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbs
       •Formally known as saccharides




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbs
       •Formally known as saccharides




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbs
       •Formally known as saccharides
       •Mono/Disaccharides - simple sugars
                   (examples: gluco...
Carbs
       •Formally known as saccharides
       •Mono/Disaccharides - simple sugars
                   (examples: gluco...
Carbs
       •Formally known as saccharides
       •Mono/Disaccharides - simple sugars
                   (examples: gluco...
Carbs
       •Formally known as saccharides
       •Mono/Disaccharides - simple sugars
                   (examples: gluco...
Carbs




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbs




          Complex carbs are made by linking
                 simple sugars
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbs




          Complex carbs are made by linking
                 simple sugars
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbs




          Complex carbs are made by linking
                 simple sugars
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
Carbs




         Carbs are used by the body mainly
      for ENERGY storage and transport
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
lipids




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
lipids

                 Fats




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
lipids

                 Fats
                             Sterols



Wednesday, October 7, 2009
lipids

                 Fats
                                    Sterols
                             Oils


Wednesday, O...
lipids
                                    Waxes
                 Fats
                                       Sterols
    ...
lipids
                                    Waxes
                 Fats
                                       Sterols
    ...
lipids




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
lipids




             Lipids are made by linking chains of
                        fatty acids
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
lipids




             Lipids are made by linking chains of
                        fatty acids
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
lipids




             Lipids are made by linking chains of
                        fatty acids
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
lipids


                     Phospholipid




             Lipids are made by linking chains of
                        f...
lipids




        Lipids are used by the body mainly
         for long term ENERGY storage
                 and STRUCTURE...
protein




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
protein
       •Formally known as polypeptides




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
protein
       •Formally known as polypeptides




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
protein
      •Formally known as polypeptides
      •Enzymes - specialized proteins that
      help catalyze reactions in ...
protein




Wednesday, October 7, 2009
protein




                         Proteins are made by linking
                               amino acids
Wednesday, Oc...
protein




                         Proteins are made by linking
                               amino acids
Wednesday, Oc...
protein




                         Proteins are made by linking
                               amino acids
Wednesday, Oc...
protein




                         Proteins are made by linking
                               amino acids
Wednesday, Oc...
protein




    Proteins have STRUCTURAL and
   MECHANICAL uses and also participate
       in many cellular PROCESSES
Wed...
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Biomolecules

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Biomolecules

  1. 1. BIOMOLECULES Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  2. 2. a.k.a. Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  3. 3. a.k.a. Macromolecules Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  4. 4. a.k.a. Macromolecules Polymers Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  5. 5. a.k.a. Macromolecules Polymers Food Molecules Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  6. 6. Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  7. 7. Made from linking small subunits called... Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  8. 8. Made from linking small subunits called... monomers Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  9. 9. Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  10. 10. Carbohydrates Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  11. 11. Carbohydrates Lipids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  12. 12. Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  13. 13. Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  14. 14. Carbs Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  15. 15. Carbs •Formally known as saccharides Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  16. 16. Carbs •Formally known as saccharides Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  17. 17. Carbs •Formally known as saccharides •Mono/Disaccharides - simple sugars (examples: glucose, sucrose) Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  18. 18. Carbs •Formally known as saccharides •Mono/Disaccharides - simple sugars (examples: glucose, sucrose) Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  19. 19. Carbs •Formally known as saccharides •Mono/Disaccharides - simple sugars (examples: glucose, sucrose) •Polysaccharides - complex sugars (examples: starch, cellulose, glycogen) Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  20. 20. Carbs •Formally known as saccharides •Mono/Disaccharides - simple sugars (examples: glucose, sucrose) •Polysaccharides - complex sugars (examples: starch, cellulose, glycogen) Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  21. 21. Carbs Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  22. 22. Carbs Complex carbs are made by linking simple sugars Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  23. 23. Carbs Complex carbs are made by linking simple sugars Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  24. 24. Carbs Complex carbs are made by linking simple sugars Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  25. 25. Carbs Carbs are used by the body mainly for ENERGY storage and transport Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  26. 26. lipids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  27. 27. lipids Fats Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  28. 28. lipids Fats Sterols Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  29. 29. lipids Fats Sterols Oils Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  30. 30. lipids Waxes Fats Sterols Oils Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  31. 31. lipids Waxes Fats Sterols Oils Phospholipids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  32. 32. lipids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  33. 33. lipids Lipids are made by linking chains of fatty acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  34. 34. lipids Lipids are made by linking chains of fatty acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  35. 35. lipids Lipids are made by linking chains of fatty acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  36. 36. lipids Phospholipid Lipids are made by linking chains of fatty acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  37. 37. lipids Lipids are used by the body mainly for long term ENERGY storage and STRUCTURE Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  38. 38. protein Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  39. 39. protein •Formally known as polypeptides Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  40. 40. protein •Formally known as polypeptides Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  41. 41. protein •Formally known as polypeptides •Enzymes - specialized proteins that help catalyze reactions in the body Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  42. 42. protein Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  43. 43. protein Proteins are made by linking amino acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  44. 44. protein Proteins are made by linking amino acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  45. 45. protein Proteins are made by linking amino acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  46. 46. protein Proteins are made by linking amino acids Wednesday, October 7, 2009
  47. 47. protein Proteins have STRUCTURAL and MECHANICAL uses and also participate in many cellular PROCESSES Wednesday, October 7, 2009
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