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Presentation 5 2 Presentation 5 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Presentation 5: Cardiac Therapeutic Procedures By: Latoyska Howard
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
    • Procedure that restores oxygen to the lungs
        • Usually takes place when someone goes into cardiac arrest
        • Procedure is done when a victim is unconscious
        • A emergency procedure
        • Pushes blood out of the heart
        • Done by one or two CPR trained rescuers
  • Defibrillation
    • Procedure that converts serious irregular heartbeats, such as fibrillation, by giving electric shocks to the heart using an instrument called a defibrillator. Also called cardioverison .
    • Helps establish a normal heart rhythm for a patient who has gone into cardiac arrest
    • Defibrillators are located:
        • Ambulance
        • Hospitals
        • Fire department/police department
        • And now in service areas
  • Pacemaker Implantation
    • Electrical device that substitutes for the natural pacemaker for the heart. It controls the beating of the heart y a series of rhythmic electrical impulses. An external pacemaker has the electrodes on the outside of the body. An internal pacemaker has the electrodes surgically implanted within the chest wall.
    • Pacemakers are used to treat Arrhythmias
        • Irregular heartbeat
        • During Arrhythmia, the heart can beat too fast or slow
        • The heart may not be able to pump enough blood to the body
            • Causing symptoms of fatigue, shortness of breath and fainting
            • These symptoms can damage vital organs and may cause death
  • Heart Transplantation
    • Replacement of a diseased or malfunctioning heart with a donor’s heart.
        • Usually a surgical procedure
        • For patients who have tried medications and other surgical procedures with no success
            • When patient is in the process of death
        • Thousands of transplants done every year in America
            • 72.4% men
            • 54.2% are ages 50 or older
            • Survival rate 88%