The act of annihilating or causing harm with intent to abolish an entire racial, ethnic, religious, or national group of people.
Skulls from the Genocide in Rwanda
The term “genocide” did not exist until 1944.
What was happening in the 1930s and 1940s that may have led to the term genocide being invented?
In East Africa, there are two countries whose people are suffering from genocide. 1) Rwanda - Hutus have killed at least 800,000 Tutsis 100,000 of those were children 2) Sudan - The people of Darfur are victims of genocide. At least 70,000 dead, but could be as much as 300,000.
Both still going on today...
Because of the genocide in Sudan and Rwanda, many people have fled to other countries for safety.... These people are called refugees . Refugees are people who have been displaced from their home.
There have been 2.6 million refugees because of the genocide in Darfur.
What if this was you?
Listen to this song...
Rwanda, Rwanda, Yeah Rwanda, Rwanda. They said: "Many are called and few are chosen," But I wish some wasn’t chosen for the blood spilling of Rwanda. They said: "Meshach, Shadrack and Abednego, Thrown in the fire but you never get burned," but I wish that I didn't get burned in Rwanda. They said: "The man is judged according to his works," so tell me Africa, what’s your worth? There’s no money, no diamonds, no fortunes on this planet that can replace Rwanda… Rwanda Rwanda Yeah, Rwanda Rwanda These are the cry of the children Rwanda Rwanda Anybody hear my cry? If America, is the United States of America, Then why can’t Africa, be the United States of Africa? And if England, is the United Kingdom, Then why can’t Africa unite all the kingdoms and become United Kingdom of Africa? Rwanda Rwanda, Rwanda Rwanda Yeah, yeah. These are the cries of the children, yeah. Can anybody out there hear our cries? Yeah, heavens cry ... Jesus cry. Lord, did you hear us calling you? Yeah, Rwanda Rwanda, Lord, did you hear us calling? Can you do something in Rwanda? Rwanda Rwanda, Rwanda Rwanda I’m talkin' 'bout Jesus; talkin' 'bout Rwanda Rwanda Rwanda Talkin' 'bout … talk'n 'bout ... Talkin' 'bout … talk'n 'bout ... talk'n 'bout ... I wanna play my guitar for Rwanda.... Ni ryari izuba, Rizagaruka, Hejuru yacu, Ni nd' uzaricyeza ricyeza. [When will the sun return above us?] [Who will reveal it once again to us?] Rwanda
The Rwanda Genocide
This is their story...
Between April and June of 1994, an estimated 800,000 Rwandans, from the group known as Tutsis, were killed in the span of 100 days.
Who are the Tutsis? Who killed the Tutsis? Who killed the Tutsis? Who killed the Tutsis?
Early Rwanda History
Rwanda and Burundi were ONE nation in the 1800s
The Tutsis and the Hutus made up the population in the country
They used to live in the country together peacefully and quietly
Rwanda was colonized by Germany and ruled by Germany until the 1900s.
A Division Begins...
In the 18th century, Rwanda became a powerful nation
They measured their wealth in cattle
The Tutsi were rich with cattle so they were the elite and ruling class
The Hutus has less cattle so they had less power
Rwanda Population in 18th Century Even though the Tutsi were the smaller group, they still had more power than the Hutu.
A Greater Division...
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization that controls international law, security, and human rights.
The UN decided in the 1900s that Rwanda was to be ruled by Belgium instead of Germany.
Even more division...
The Belgians favored the Tutsis and gave them special privileges and better education than the Hutus
Why did the Belgians favor the Tutsis?
Tutsis appeared more European than the Hutus because of their slender stature
The Belgians discriminated against the Hutus because they DID NOT look as European as the Tutsis
How do you think the Tutsis felt about this? How do you think the Hutus felt about this?
So what happened next?
The Belgians left Rwanda in the 1960s. The Hutus were growing tired of the discrimination. Rwanda and Burundi split into 2 countries. The Hutus decided to fight the Tutsis because they were still angry for the years of discrimination. Many Tutsis are massacred and flee Rwanda.