Transcript of "Learning stations southern colonies"
8/20/12 The Southern Colonies [ushistory.org] Search: 5. The Southern Colonies Suggest a Link Monticello Follow Thomas Jefferson through a Cite This Page Share Your Thoughts day. You will gain a sense of the extraordinary range of his talents, his insatiable 5. The Southern Colonies thirst for knowledge, his watchful use of time, Virginia was the first successful southern SC Plantation and the larger colony. While Puritan zeal was fueling New Museum community that lived Drayton Hall is living and worked at Englands mercantile development, and Penns history in South Monticello. Quaker experiment was turning the middle Carolina - visit today! Report broken link draytonhall.org colonies into Americas bread basket, the South was turning to cash crops. Geography and Ancestry.com motive rendered the development of these Family Tree colonies distinct from those that lay to the Free family tree. Worlds largest online North. Map of DeSotos 1539-43 family history exploration through the resource. Southeast Immediately to Virginias north was MARYLAND. www.ancestry.com Begun as a Catholic experiment, the colonys Search For Your economy would soon come to mirror that of Ancestors Virginia, as tobacco became the most important crop. To the south lay the Search your Carolinas, created after the English Civil War had been concluded. In the Deep Ancestors Records. Get Access to Over South was GEORGIA, the last of the original thirteen colonies. Challenges from 1.5 Billion Records! Spain and France led the king to desire a buffer zone between the cash crops of www.Archives.com the Carolinas and foreign enemies. Georgia, a colony of debtors, would fulfill Study of Law that need. Earn a legal studies degree online. English American Southerners Respected. Affordable. would not enjoy the generally good Accredited. health of their New England www.APUS.edu/LegalStudies counterparts. Outbreaks of malaria Become a Social and YELLOW FEVER kept life Worker expectancies lower. Since the With an Online northern colonies attracted Masters from USC. No Relocating religious dissenters, they tended to Required. Learn More! migrate in families. Such family msw.USC.edu/Virtual-Acad… connections were less prevalent in the South. The economy of growing CASH CROPS would require a labor force that would be unknown north of Maryland. Slaves and indentured servants, although present in the North, were much more important The Southern colonies included Maryland, to the South. They were the Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. backbone of the Southern economy. Settlers in the Southern colonies came to America to seek economic prosperity they could not find in Old England. The English countryside provided a grand existence of stately manors and high living. But rural England was full, and by law those great estates could only be passed on to the eldest son. America provided more space to realize a lifestyle the new arrivals could never dream to achieve in their native land.www.ushistory.org/us/5.asp 1/2
8/20/12 Maryland — The Catholic Experiment [ushistory.org] Search: a. Maryland — The Catholic Experiment Suggest a Link Historic Saint Marys City Visit Marylands first Cite This Page Share Your Thoughts capital: Historic St. Marys City is an exciting mix of colorful living history and 5a. Maryland — The Catholic Experiment fascinating archaeology, Antioch all set in a beautiful New England was not the only destination Community Tidewater landscape. Lord Baltimores 17th sought by those fleeing religious Church century capital stands persecution. In 1632, CECELIUS CALVERT, A Church For ready to be Families, Young known as LORD BALTIMORE, was granted rediscovered. Exhibits Adults & College at the outdoor museum possession of all land lying between the Students-Come As include the square- POTOMAC RIVER and the CHESAPEAKE BAY. You Are! rigged ship, the Maryland Dove, Godiah Immigration Ship Lord Baltimore saw this as an opportunity Sprays fine tobacco Records plantation, the to grant religious freedom to the Catholics Passengers leaving reconstructed State who remained in Anglican England. from UK and IE. Find House of 1676, a Although outright violence was more a part Your Ancestors Today. Woodland Indian hamlet, FindMyPast.com/Passenger-… and much more. With of the 1500s than the 1600s, Catholics miles of walking trails and scenic river views, were still a persecuted minority in the Religious Historic St. Marys City seventeenth century. For example, Fundraising is indeed a special place Sell 8 Colors of Live where "Time & Tide Catholics were not even permitted to be Meet." Poinsettias! Sell This legally married by a Catholic priest. Fall, Deliver in Report broken link Baltimore thought that his New World December James Barry, 1793 www.livingcolorfundraiser.c… possession could serve as a refuge. At the In this engraving, Cecil Calvert same time, he hoped to turn a financial New Homes in Maryland Toleration presents his 1649 Act Concerning Act Religion to the ancient Spartan profit from the venture. Maryland The Toleration Act was lawgiver, Lycurgus, while Marylands Premier a fairly progressive libertarians throughout history, New Home Builder Maryland, named after Englands Catholic document written in including Ben Franklin and William Including Marlboro, 1649 allowing a broad Penn, look on. queen HENRIETTA MARIA, was first settled Bowie & Clinton latitude in religious www.carusohomes.com/ in 1634. Unlike the religious experiments toleration, particularly as it applied to Catholics. to the North, economic opportunity was the draw for many Maryland colonists. Sports Coaching Read the text of the Doctrine at this site. Consequently, most immigrants did not cross the Atlantic in family units but as Program Pursue a sports individuals. The first inhabitants were a mixture of country gentlemen (mostly Report broken link coaching opportunity Catholic) and workers and artisans (mostly Protestant). This mixture would with a degree from surely doom the Catholic experiment. Invariably, there are more poor than AMU. www.AMUOnline.com/Sport… Marylands House of aristocrats in any given society, and the Catholics soon found themselves in Delegates From the Maryland the minority. State Archives, read about the early years of The geography of Maryland, like that of her Southern neighbor Virigina, was Marylands Lower House of Delegates and conducive to growing tobacco. The desire to make profits from tobacco soon led its struggles with the to the need for low-cost labor. As a result, the number of indentured servants Upper House whose members were greatly expanded and the social structure of Maryland reflected this change. appointed by Lord But the influx in immigration was not reflected in larger population growth Baltimore. because, faced with frequent battles with malaria and typhoid, life expectancy Report broken link in Maryland was about 10 years less than in New England. Fearful that the Protestant masses might restrict Catholic liberties, the HOUSE Early Immigration to OF DELEGATES passed the MARYLAND ACT OF TOLERATION in 1649. This act Maryland in the Colonial Era granted religious freedom to all Christians. Like Roger Williams in Rhode Island Lord Baltimore hoped that the colony he and William Penn in Pennsylvania, Maryland thus experimented with laws settled would be called protecting religious liberty. Unfortunately, Protestants swept the Catholics out Crescentia, but the king wanted to name the new of the legislature within a decade, and religious strife ensued. Still, the Act of colony after his wife and Toleration is an important part of the colonial legacy of religious freedom that the colony was christened Maryland. will culminate in the First Amendment in the American Bill of Rights. Report broken linkwww.ushistory.org/us/5a.asp 1/2
8/20/12 Indentured Servants [ushistory.org] Search: b. Indentured Servants Suggest a Link Observations on the slaves and the indented servants, Cite This Page Share Your Thoughts inlisted in the army, and in the navy of the United States A reprint of an article 5b. Indentured Servants which appeared in DishLATINO® Philadelphia in 1777. The growth of tobacco, rice, and The author cannot History understand why two indigo and the plantation economy Tune into History Now groups of people who created a tremendous need for on Dish! Call & Switch were enslaved by —DishLatino labor in Southern English America. Americans — $22.99/Mo. indentured servants and Without the aid of modern DishLatinoPromociones.com… slaves — would enlist to serve in the American machinery, human sweat and HP® Ink army and navy. blood was necessary for the Cartridges Report broken link planting, cultivation, and High Quality Original HP® Ink. Official harvesting of these cash crops. HP.com Site - Shop While slaves existed in the English Now! Apprentices of William Hogarth, 1747 HP.com/InkCartridges Indentures;; Delaware colonies throughout the 1600s, This picture, Industry and Idleness, shows County, New York indentured servitude was the 2 apprentices starting in identical Ancestry.com Its hard to believe, but the practice of method of choice employed by circumstances, one is the industrious Family Tree indentured servitude in Francis Goodchild and the other is the Free family tree. many planters before the 1680s. American did not end in unsuccessful Thomas Idlefrom. Worlds largest online the United States until This system provided incentives for family history the early 1900s. This both the master and servant to resource. site lists the contract www.ancestry.com terms between Masters increase the working population of the Chesapeake colonies. and Servants in one Sports Coaching New York County. Virginia and Maryland operated under what was known as the " HEADRIGHT Program Report broken link SYSTEM." The leaders of each colony knew that labor was essential for Pursue a sports coaching opportunity economic survival, so they provided incentives for planters to import workers. with a degree from For each laborer brought across the Atlantic, the master was rewarded with 50 AMU. Differential www.AMUOnline.com/Sport… Tolerances and acres of land. This system was used by wealthy plantation aristocrats to Accepted increase their land holdings dramatically. In addition, of course, they received Punishments for The Prayer at Indentured Servants the services of the workers for the duration of the indenture. ValleyForge A page as serious as its Direct frm publisher title. Written by a This system seemed to benefit the servant as well. Each INDENTURED SERVANT student at Lafayette Arnold Friberg Framed College, the site would have their fare across the Atlantic paid in full by their master. A contract Prints - Free Shipping explores what www.fribergfineart.com was written that stipulated the length of service — typically five years. The happened when crimes were committed by servant would be supplied room and board while working in the masters fields. either owners of Upon completion of the contract, the servant would receive "freedom dues," a servants or the servants themselves. pre-arranged termination bonus. This might include land, money, a gun, For you AP types that come here, youll get clothes or food. On the surface it seemed like a terrific way for the luckless some real insight into English poor to make their way to prosperity in a new land. Beneath the the lives of indentured servants, and more surface, this was not often the case. particularly the "different punishments of Only about 40 percent of indentured servants lived to complete the terms of servants and their masters in colonial their contracts. Female servants were often the subject of harassment from courts by examining their masters. A woman who became pregnant while a servant often had years various court cases from 18th-century tacked on to the end of her service time. Early in the century, some servants Pennsylvania and were able to gain their own land as free men. But by 1660, much of the best Maryland courts." No pictures but plenty of land was claimed by the large land owners. The former servants were pushed statistical data. This is westward, where the mountainous land was less arable and the threat from what awaits any of you folks thinking of Indians constant. A class of angry, impoverished pioneer farmers began to majoring in history. emerge as the 1600s grew old. After BACONS REBELLION in 1676, planters Report broken link began to prefer permanent African slavery to the headright system that had previously enabled them to prosper. Gottlieb Mittelberger: On the Misfortune ofwww.ushistory.org/us/5b.asp 1/3
8/20/12 Creating the Carolinas [ushistory.org] Search: c. Creating the Carolinas Suggest a Link Brief History of South Carolina A very brief history of Cite This Page Share Your Thoughts the state, brought to you by the state. Use only in the case of an emergency. Not much 5c. Creating the Carolinas here. While wayward English migrants worked to build Charleston Report broken link the new American colonies, mother England Dream Homes Own Downtown experienced the greatest turmoil in her history Luxury For Less From The Lords Proprietors in the middle of the 1600s. The Stuart King, Just $120,600 of Carolina www.residencesonking.com/ Charles I, was beheaded as the result of a civil Carolinas royal charter was granted by Charles war in 1649. A dictatorship led by OLIVER II to 8 of his generals U.S. Lawyers CROMWELL ruled England until 1660. This who had supported him Listings against Cromwell. This represented the only break in the hereditary Find a Lawyer in your overview webpage from the Charleston County line dating from 1066 until the present day. Area locate the best Library offers inline links Cromwell was a brutal leader, so the return of Lawyer in your Area to brief biographies of www.USLawyersListing.com the Lord Proprietors. the English monarchy was well received by the Illustrated. public. Charles II returned to the SC Plantation Report broken link British throne in 1660, after This disruption caused a temporary distraction Museum the brutal dictatorship of Drayton Hall is living Cromwell. It was under his from colonizing the New World. When Charles II history in South Charter of Carolina — rule that the Carolinas were assumed the throne, it was business as usual. Carolina - visit today! March 24, 1663 founded. draytonhall.org The colonies that were created under his rule In the beginning was a charter. The Carolina were known as RESTORATION COLONIES. It was Carolina Beach, Charter was granted to Edward Earl of in this environment that the Carolinas were created. NC Clarendon, George Outdoor concerts, Duke of Albemarle, The southern part of Carolina served first as support for the British West Indies. seaside boardwalk, William Lord Craven, Soon the slave economy of the sugar islands reached the shores of Carolina. amusements and John Lord Berkley, more. Anthony Lord Ashley, The cultivation of rice in the plantation system quickly became profitable, and WilmingtonandBeaches.com Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir planters in the hundreds and slaves in the tens of thousands soon inhabited John Colleton, and their Carolina. At the heart of the colony was the merchant port of Charles Town, Taste Carolina heirs, by Charles II. North Carolinas They were granted later to be known as CHARLESTON. African slaves became a majority of the Tastiest Tour! Food domain over " the population before the middle of the eighteenth century. South Carolina even Tours in the Triangle fishing of all sorts of fish, whales, sturgeons experimented with Indian slavery, enslaving those captured in the aftermath of & Triad. and all other royal fishes www.tastecarolina.net battle. in the sea, bays, islets and rivers within the premises, and the fish Such was not the case for the northern reaches of the Carolina colony. The therein taken;; and earliest inhabitants of this region were displaced former indentured servants moreover all veins, mines, quarries, as well from the Chesapeake. Most established small tobacco farms. Slavery existed discovered as not here, but in far smaller numbers than in the neighboring regions. The discovered, of gold, silver, gems, precious inhabitants felt as though the aristocrats from Virginia and the Charles Town stones, and all other area looked down their noses on them. Northern Carolina, like Rhode Island in whatsoever, be it of stones, metals..." Not a the North, drew the regions discontented masses. bad deal at all. Report broken link As the two locales evolved separately and as their differing geographies and inhabitants steered contrasting courses, calls for a formal split emerged. In 1712, NORTH CAROLINA and SOUTH CAROLINA became distinct colonies. Each Historical Highlights prospered in its own right after this peaceful divorce took effect. of North Carolina From the state library of North Carolina, a very useful history of Colonial North Carolina covering the years 1663-1729. No pictures, just lots of good hard facts. Report broken linkwww.ushistory.org/us/5c.asp 1/2
8/20/12 Debtors in Georgia [ushistory.org] Search: d. Debtors in Georgia Suggest a Link Charter of Georgia: 1732 The rice- and tobacco- Cite This Page Share Your Thoughts selling colonists of the Carolinas came under attack from the Indians and Spanish to the 5d. Debtors in Georgia south. The British Jamestown solution? Export a whole The development of Georgia was bunch of debtors to Gardens settle a buffer zone and unlike all the other British colonies. Beauty & Adventure call it Georgia! Read all First of all, it was the last to be Await in VAs Historic about it and much more Gardens. Packages at created. Georgia was founded in in Georgias charter. $199! Report broken link 1733, 126 years after Jamestown HistoryIsFun.org/Historical-… was successfully planted. England Albany State and Europe as a whole were in the University Images of Oglethorpe midst of an intellectual revolution 2012 Tuition, Course Heres a great site for & Admission Info known as the ENLIGHTENMENT. research. Not only will About Albany State you find dozens of Enlightened thinkers championed University! pictures of James www.CampusExplorer.com/… Oglethorpe and related the causes of liberty and progress. The city of Savannah, once a part of to the settlement of Many believed in the innate Oglethorpes utopian design, makes its Midtown Atlanta Georgia, there are also beginnings in 1734. an essay on the goodness of human beings. They Hotel colonys founder and a Boutique Hotel near asserted that even the worst timeline of events. All Woodruff Center walk from Armstrong Atlantic elements of society might prosper if given the right set of circumstances. to the High Museum State University. and the ASO Report broken link JAMES OGLETHORPE was such a thinker. He and a group of charitable investors www.artmorehotel.com asked KING GEORGE for permission to create a utopian experiment for English Savannah Taxi citizens imprisoned for debt. Englands prison population could be decreased, Cab Service James Oglethorpe and thousands of individuals could be given a new chance at life. With these Clean, reliable local Tercentenary Home Page lofty goals, Georgia was created. and airport service A comprehensive site 912-341-5397 from the University of King George was not terribly concerned with the plight of the English debtor. www.savannahtaxicabservic… Georgia celebrating the tercentenary of James His advisers pointed out that such a colony in Georgia might provide defense Oglethorpes birth. This for the South Carolina rice plantations from Spanish Florida. He gave his assent Reenactment celebration was officially to a charter and Oglethorpe acted. Stock Footage decreed by the Georgia New, quality historical State Legislature. The page is broken down footage All periods of into several chapters history to your door including "English roots www.reenactmentstockfoot… of James Oglethorpe" and "Visit to Savannah" which was a city settled "...And this would turn out very well indeed in that by Oglethorpe. Lots of it would encourage very many good families of pictures to be found throughout the site too! average means to go to settle there as well as some Report broken link very good workmen as carpenters, masons, tile makers, blacksmiths, farriers, locksmiths, wheelwrights, coopers, vine growers, shepherds, Oglethorpe and the laborers, and others who would be most useful Georgia Indians there. Instead of this, the greatest part of those The gallery on this who have already gone there are nothing but website contains 48 images related to native miserable ones both as to their manners and as to Americans in Georgia their fortunes..." from the contact period up to the early 1900s. – James Edward Oglethorpe, Original Papers, Feb. But dont miss the essay on Oglethorpe 11, 1737 relations with the native Americans, with special reference to Tomochichi, a Creek leader. Report broken link Here, the settlers would have to conform to Oglethorpes plan, in which there was no elected assembly. Three major laws governed the colony. The first dealt with the distribution of land. The second and third reflected Enlightened ideals. The Fortresses ofwww.ushistory.org/us/5d.asp 1/2
8/20/12 Life in the Plantation South [ushistory.org] Search: e. Life in the Plantation South Suggest a Link A Day in the Life of Thomas Jeffersons Monticello Cite This Page Share Your Thoughts From the folks at Monticello a fascinating slice of plantation life. Thomas Jefferson was 5e. Life in the Plantation South a very reluctant politician and couldnt PLANTATION life created a society with clear SC Plantation wait to retire to his class divisions. A lucky few were at the top, Museum plantation. But with all Drayton Hall is living the work to be done, its with land holdings as far as the eyes could history in South a wonder he didnt want to stay in the White see. Most Southerners did not experience Carolina - visit today! draytonhall.org House. Start at sunrise this degree of wealth. The contrast and spend a day with farmer Jefferson. between rich and poor was greater in the Quail Hunting Report broken link South than in the other English colonies, Plantation because of the labor system necessary for Award Winning Plantation Hunting its survival. Most Southerners were Quail hunting at its Gunston Hall YEOMAN farmers, indentured servants, or finest Gunston Hall was home Slave Cabin at Sotterley slaves. The plantation system also created www.riopiedraplantation.com to influential Virginian Plantation, Maryland, is one of the George Mason who only remaining freely accessible changes for women and family structures was a big influence on examples of its kind in the state. HTML5 Sencha Jefferson. These folks as well. Flex Devs say theyre ready to HTML5/Flex/AIR help you with you The TIDEWATER ARISTOCRATS were the fortunate few who lived in stately Dashboards We have school project. I quote. "Working on a school plantation manors with hundreds of servants and slaves at their beck and call. your solution! project? Writing a www.webappsolution.com Most plantation owners took an active part in the operations of the business. paper? Or maybe you are simply interested in Surely they found time for leisurely activities like hunting, but on a daily basis Masters Degree more information about George Mason or they worked as well. The distance from one plantation to the next proved to be In History Gunston Hall. Please isolating, with consequences even for the richest class. Unlike New England, Get Your Graduate call, write, or e-mail us Degree Online From who required public schooling by law, the difficulties of travel and the distances to discuss your needs. Accredited Schools. We carry books about between prospective students impeded the growth of such schools in the Aid Avail. George Mason and USADegreePrograms.com South. Private tutors were hired by the wealthiest families. The boys studied in Gunston Hall, copies of the Virginia Declaration the fall and winter to allow time for work in the fields during the planting times. Mixpanel Mobile of Rights, postcards, and much more. Let us The girls studied in the summer to allow time for weaving during the colder Analytics Learn how your help you with your months. Few cities developed in the South. Consequently, there was little room project!" They have a application is used. comprehensive for a merchant middle class. URBAN PROFESSIONALS such as lawyers were rare The most advanced bibliography of sources in the South. Artisans often worked right on the plantation as slaves or analytics ever. on George Mason, www.mixpanel.com Gunston Hall, and other servants. 18th-century topics. Report broken link The roles of women were dramatically changed by the plantation society. First of all, since most indentured servants were male, there were far fewer women in the colonial South. In the Chesapeake during the 1600s, men entered the Historic St. Marys colony at a rate of seven to one. From one perspective, this increased womens City — 1634-1695 Historic St. Marys City power. They were highly sought after by the overwhelming number of eager has a working farm as men. The high death rate in the region resulted in a typical marriage being part of the museums attractions. The Spray dissolved by death within seven years. Consequently there was a good deal of familys recreated remarriage, and a complex web of half-brothers and half-sisters evolved. 1660s tobacco plantation, tucked away Women needed to administer the property in the absence of the male. on the banks of St. Consequently many developed managerial skills. However, being a minority had Andrews Creek, contains the main its downside. Like in New England, women were completely excluded from the house, tenant house, political process. Female slaves and indentured servants were often the victims and tobacco houses (barns), as well as the of aggressive male masters. crops, gardens, orchards, livestock, and fencing that a successful planter would have owned. The Spray family and their indentured servants interpret the everyday life of early Tidewaterwww.ushistory.org/us/5e.asp 1/2