SIR WALTER RALEIGH• Walter Raleigh: Englishman who received a charter from Queen Elizabeth I and who sponsored three expeditions to the New World.• Sent 1st expedition in 1584 • Arrived off coast of North Carolina • Native Americans welcomed explorers • Queen Elizabeth dubbed Raleigh making him “Sir Walter Raleigh”• Sent 2nd expedition to settle in 1585 • Ralph Lane Colony • Failed due to lack of food and supplies• Raleigh will attempt one more time in 1587
JAMESTOWN• First successful colony in 1607 that saw success due to many factors, including the popularity of crops like tobacco, leadership from John Smith and aid from Native Americans (ex. Pocahontas).• Goal: find gold and other natural resources• 144 men sailed from England • 39 died during journey• Settle by the “James River” • Why did they chose to settle next to the river? • By river: easy to bring in people & supplies • Inland: Hidden from Spanish ships sailing in Atlantic
JAMESTOWN• Colonists struggled because… • Settlement was in swampland • Impure drinking water • Disease • Starvation • Lack of skills to hunt, fish, and/or farm • Native American attacks • Negative relations with Natives harmed local trade
JAMESTOWN• John Smith • Captain Smith forced colonists to plant crops • Began working on relationship with Native Americans • Smith became injured and returned to England• John Rolfe • Married Native American Pocahontas • Held captive for years • Converted to Christianity • Observed by English society as “civilized savage”• Where is the gold? • It became clear there was no gold in Virginia • Rolfe started to grow tobacco • Caught on in Jamestown and in England
THINK ABOUT THESE QUESTIONS?• What if you came to school this year and for lunch and we served you a pill that covered all your basic food groups? No more cookies, pizza, hotdogs…• What if you tried to bring in your own food and we never allowed you to eat at school again? Or if you tried to leave, we might have you arrested?• What if I opened up my own school cafeteria across the street that was catered by Moe’s, Chick- Fil-A, and McDonald’s? Would you come eat at my cafeteria? Why or why not?
THE PLYMOUTH COLONY• Persecute: To mistreat due to ones religion, race, or political beliefs.• Who were the Pilgrims? • Pilgrim: people who make a journey for religious purposes • Separatists: people who decided to break away from Church of England • Set sail for North America in 1620 • Landed at present-day Plymouth Massachusetts • Had good relationship with Natives • The Mayflower Compact • Set up formal government • Required colonists to follow the compacts rules and regulations for the sake of survival
MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY• 1628• Present day cities of Salem and Boston• Settlers were Puritans • believed church should be “purified” and get rid of catholic beliefs • Intolerant of other religions • Tried to keep towns “exclusive”• Economically successful • Traded with England and West Indies
THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE, CULTURE, AND GOODS• People • Puritans, pilgrims, and separatists from England • Colonists moved throughout America • More freedom • Expelled from towns • Africans • Part of the Triangle Trade • Native Americans • Will be pushed continuously westward• Culture• Goods • Triangle Trade
THE TRIANGLE TRADEWhat is the result on settlements and where settlers lived due to different values,cultures, and a population increase?