The History… ~In 1652, the Dutch set up a trading station in the Cape of Good Hope.
The Dutch who were living at Cape of Good Hope helped to supply their ships sailing from the Netherlands to the East Indies.
Other European groups of people along with the Dutch who settled in South Africa:
All European settlers in South Africa were called Afrikaners.
Afrikaners = all white people
Their official language was Afrikaan.
By the 1900s, much of South Africa had started to become racist and much of the government was dominated by white Afrikaners.
***Meaning…black South Africans were fighting an uphill battle***
~To fight this uphill battle, South African blacks created the African National Congress.
Despite the newly formed ANC, racial tensions and segregation continued to grow in South Africa creating a period in history known as the Apartheid .
1948 1994 The beginning of the Apartheid The end of the Apartheid 1987 Mr. Miles was born 1968 Civil Rights Movement Ended 1955 Civil Rights Movement Began 1989 Berlin wall fell 1959 Vietnam War began 1975 Vietnam War ended 1992 Bill Clinton elected president
During the Apartheid, the government passed various laws that required a policy of separation of races . No black Africans or white Afrikaners were allowed to do anything together.
The Apartheid…con’t Whites Asians Coloureds Blacks Most power, least numbers Least power, most numbers
Everything was separate and nothing was equal during the Apartheid, which was very similar to the discrimination against black people in the United States.
American Civil Rights South African Civil Rights
Blacks were not allowed to:
2. Receive a good education
3. Work well-paying jobs
4. Use the same facilities as white Afrikaners
5. Visit the same hospital
Question: How was the Apartheid similar to the Civil Rights struggle in America?
How did it end?
Sanctions were economical or political punishments placed on South Africa to force positive change in South Africa.
Many nations refused to trade with South Africa and invest in their economy because they disagreed with the separateness laws.
No international sports competition.
How did it end?…con’t
South Africa began to feel isolated from international affairs, and the number of protests and riots began to rise in South Africa.
How did it end?…con’t
In the 1980s, many of the Apartheid laws were repealed . In the 1990s, the South African government freed many of its political prisoners like Nelson Mandela.