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World war i timeline
 

World war i timeline

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    World war i timeline World war i timeline Presentation Transcript

    • World War I Timeline
    • June 28, 1914 Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie are assassinated by Gavrilo Princip of the Black Hand (a Serbian Nationalist group).
    • July 23, 1914  Austria issues an ultimatum to Serbia. They tell Serbia if they do not meet the terms of the ultimatum there will be war.
    • July 28, 1914 Serbia accepts some terms of the ultimatum, but would like to conference about other terms. Austria rejects Serbia’s offer and declares war on Serbia. Russia mobilizes their troops along Austria’s border.
    • Late Summer 1914  Millions of soldiers happily march off to war, convinced the war will be short.
    • Fall 1914 Germany’s Schlieffen Plan, which was supposed to be quick turns into a stalemate on the Western Front.
    • August 1914  Germany crushes Russia’s invading army and forces them to retreat on the Eastern Front.
    • September 5, 1914 Allies attacked the Germans northeast of Paris in the valley of the Marne River.
    • December 1914  Austrians and Germans defeated the Russians and drove them eastward.
    • Early 1915 Opposing armies on the Western Front had dug miles of parallel trenches to protect themselves from enemy fire.
    • December 1915 Allies give up Galllipoli campaign after 250,000 casualties.
    • February 1915  Gallipoli campaign – Britain, Australia, New Zealand and France attacked west side of Straits of Dardenelles near Constantinople.
    • July 1916  British forces try to help the French by attacking the Germans at the Battle of Somme. They suffer more than half a million casualties.
    • 1916 Russia is suffering from a lot of political turmoil, and their war effort is on the verge of collapsing.
    • January 1917  Germans announce that they will bring back their policy of unrestricted submarine warfare and will sink any ship around British waters without warning.
    • February 1917 British intercept the Zimmerman Telegram.
    • March 1917  Civil unrest in Russia is bringing the Tsar Nicholas’s government to brink of collapse.
    • April 2, 1917 President Wilson asks Congress to declare war on the side of the Allies.
    • November 1917  Communist leader Lenin seized power in Russia.
    • March 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk is signed by the German’s and Russian’s. This ends Russia’s involvement in World War I, and all of Germany’s army now heads to the western front.
    • July 1918  Things were looking bad for the Allies, but then new American troops come over and help push the Germans out of France.
    • November 11, 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm steps down and a new representative from Germany signs an armistice with the Allies.
    • January 1919  Treaty of Versailles conference begins in France.  Over the next year the Allies and neutral countries decide how to punish Germany/Central Powers.
    • What should I study? Vocabulary – look through PowerPoints and book notes to see what key vocab words are – use the unit outline too. Unit Questions Countries in the Allies, Central Powers, Triple Alliance, and Triple Entente. There are no timelines, but you should know the major events of the war and their order. Know and be able to explain the causes of World War I: MAIN (militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism) Know and be able to explain what was decided at the Treaty of Versailles conference.