New Governments/CoalitionGovernments World War I left many countries questioning whether an absolute leader is right for them and trying out democracies. Russia/Soviet Union becomes communist. Denmark/Norway/Sweden become socialist. Germany attempts democracy
Economic Issues World War I left a lot of countries in a bad financial position. Germany is hit the hardest and experiences a depression and inflation due to the government printing money. They are bailed out by the US through the Dawes Plan.
“Peace” Treaties As the economic situation in various countries improve there is hope that peace will be long- lasted. Germany gets admitted to the League of Nations after agreeing not to fight with France at a meeting in Locarno, Switzerland. The Kellogg-Briand
Rise of Fascist and TotalitarianDictators When Joseph Stalin came to power in the Soviet Union he became a totalitarian dictator, meaning he controlled every aspect of public and private life and used censorship and secret police to keep his people in line. Benito Mussolini came to power in Italy as a fascist leader. He made people fear a worker’s revolt and was able to gain support of his people. He also used censorship and propaganda to keep people loyal. Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany as the fascist leader of the Nazi party. He was
Aggression and Appeasement Army leaders began ruling Japan in place of the emperor. Similar to Hitler and Mussolini they had extreme nationalist pride and began building their empire in Manchuria. Mussolini begins building an empire in Italy. Hitler begins to build an empire by reclaiming land taken from Germany in the Treaty of Versailles. Germany, Italy, and Japan form an alliance known as the Axis Powers. The British (Neville Chamberlain) want to avoid war so they encourage appeasement giving in to enemy demands to keep the peace. The League of Nations scolds these countries,