People and society 2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
790
On Slideshare
432
From Embeds
358
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 358

http://msherzlworldhistory.wikispaces.com 358

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. New views on people and life during the Enlightenment PEOPLE AND SOCIETY
  • 2. • Most leaders were absolute monarchs - kings who held all the power - had little respect for the average person. • Religious leaders told people that the purpose of this life was to do good deeds in order to get to heaven. Many aspects of life had religious ties. • The average person had no say in government or the creation of laws. • Only wealthy men had access to a good education. • Children were viewed as small adults. • Women were seen as inferior to men. VIEWS ON PEOPLE AND SOCIETY BEFORE THE ENLIGHTENMENT
  • 3. • Thomas Hobbes was an Enlightenment thinker who had a very negative view of humanity. • He thought humans were basically beasts and needed to be controlled by a strong government. • Hobbes believed if man was left to his own devices he would kill, steal, and destroy civilization. THOMAS HOBBES
  • 4. • John Locke had a very different view of humans. He thought people were generally good and deserved to have more rights and freedoms. • Locke believed everybody deserved to have their natural rights - life, liberty, and property - protected. JOHN LOCKE
  • 5. • Rousseau believed that people weren't born good or bad, but who we become was determined by society. • Rousseau also advocated that children be loved and cared for and that every male regardless of social status have the opportunity to get an education. JEAN - JACQUES ROSSEAU
  • 6. She strongly disagreed with Rousseau’s views on women. Wollstonecraft said that women needed as much, if not more education than men if they were to be responsible for raising children. Argued that women could contribute equally in society. MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT
  • 7. • Voltaire believed that people should have freedom of speech and that they should be allowed to criticize religion and government/leaders without being punished. • Voltaire also believed that people should be tolerant of others' beliefs even if they disagreed with them, and no one should be punished for their beliefs. VOLTAIRE
  • 8. • Enlightenment thinkers had a lot of ideas that were different from the thoughts of the Middle Ages. • Some thinkers had a positive view of mankind while others had a negative view. • New ideas about children and education emerged. • Voltaire as well as other Enlightenment thinkers believed that church and state/government should be separated. They believed that government should be secular - having no religious affiliations/connections. • Many Enlightenment thinkers believed the common person should have more rights and freedoms. • More focus on the individual person rather than society as a whole. KEY POINTS