Napoleon’s conquests cp 2013


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Napoleon’s conquests cp 2013

  1. 1.  Napoleon Becomes Emperor  In 1800 a plebiscite was taken to support Napoleon’s constitution.  Napoleon made many changes such as lycees, concordat, and the Napoleonic Code.  In 1804 Napoleon made himself emperor of France.
  2. 2.  Napoleon Builds an Empire  After becoming emperor of France Napoleon started taking over countries in Europe.  Britain convinced other European countries to join an alliance to fight Napoleon known as the Third Coalition.
  3. 3.  Battle of Trafalgar  The Battle of Trafalgar was a naval (sea) battle against Britain that Napoleon lost.  This battle was important because it showed Napoleon if he wanted to defeat the British he would have to come up with new tactics.
  4. 4.  Mistake Une. Napoleon decided to try to weaken Britain by using a blockade he called the Continental System. Countries in Europe were not supposed to trade with Britain.
  5. 5.  Mistake Deux.  Portugal refused to take part in the continental system.  Napoleon sent troops through Spain to attack Portugal.  From 1808 – 1813 the Spanish attacked the French stationed there.  This caused Napoleon to have to send extra troops and resulted in the death of 300,000 men. This was known as the Peninsular War.
  6. 6.   Russia also was not participating in the Continental System.  When Napoleon’s army finally arrived in Russia they found that the Russians had abandoned their towns and burnt everything down. This tactic is known as scorched earth policy.  Napoleon’s troops continued advancing in Russia, but the people continued to use scorched earth policy, leaving Napoleon’s troops with no supplies or shelter.  Eventually Napoleon had no choice but to turn around and return to France. Mistake Trois.
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  8. 8.  Downfall of the Empire  After his losses in Russia the Third Coalition came after Napoleon.  Napoleon tried to fight back, but his army was weak and his generals refused to continue fighting.  Napoleon was banished to the island of Elba as punishment.
  9. 9.  Napoleon Returns & Europe Responds  Napoleon escaped from Elba and returned to France.  The Third Coalition prepared to fight him again.  They met and fought at the Battle of Waterloo, which only lasted two days because Napoleon’s troops were so weak and unprepared.  After Napoleon’s defeat he was banished to the island of St. Helena, where he lived for six years until his death in 1821.