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Lectures 11 to 14 ns 5 2010
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Lectures 11 to 14 ns 5 2010

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  • 1. ENVIRONMENT ETHICS & ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS
  • 2. ETHICS a branch of philosophy that deals with: Morals: Distinction between right and wrong Values: Ultimate worth of actions or things
  • 3. ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS considers extending the traditional boundaries of ethics from solely including humans to including the non-human world deals with the moral relationships between humans and the surrounding world exerts influence on a large range of disciplines including law, sociology, theology, economics, ecology and geography
  • 4. ETHICAL DECISIONS CONCERNING THE ENVIRONMENT Should we continue to clear cut forests for the sake of human consumption? Should we continue to propagate? Should we continue to make gasoline powered vehicles? What environmental obligations do we need to keep for future generations? Is it right for humans to knowingly cause the extinction of a species for the convenience of humanity?
  • 5. TO UNDERSTAND...WE MUST BE GUIDED BY PRINCIPLES!
  • 6. ETHICAL PRINCIPLES UNIVERSALISTS fundamental principles of ethics are universal, unchanging, and eternal RELATIVISTS Claim moral principles are always relative to a particular person, society, or situation NIHILISTS Claim morality is arbitrary thus there is no reason to behave morally or to be “good” UTILITARIANS Believe an action is right that produces the greatest good for the greatest number of people
  • 7. RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS Moral Agents - Beings capable of acting morally or immorally, and who can accept responsibility for their acts. Humans Moral Subjects - Beings who are not moral agents, but who have moral interests and can be treated rightly or wrongly. Children, people who are mentally retarded or ill Moral Extensionism - Widening definition of who is considered ethically significant. Animal Rights
  • 8. ON ANIMAL RIGHTS Intrinsic (Inherent - Innate) - Worth or value simply because of existence. Humans Instrumental (Conferred) - Worth or value only because they are valued by someone who matters. Tools (e.g. human vs. car)
  • 9. IN SUMMARY...
  • 10. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS a complex and interlocking body of statutes, common law, treaties, conventions, regulations and policies operate to regulate the interaction of humanity and the rest of the PRINCIPLES: biophysical or natural environment 1. Environmentalism 2. Ecology, conservation, purpose of reducing or minimizing stewardship, responsibility and the impacts of human activity, both sustainability on the natural environment for its own sake, and on humanity itself
  • 11. AREAS OF CONCERN air quality and water quality global climate change agriculture biodiversity and species protection pesticides and hazardous chemicals,waste management and remediation of contaminated land management of public lands and natural resources
  • 12. THE TREATIES...
  • 13. Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (1992) aims to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes: generation and management transboundary movements disposal
  • 14. CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES (CITES) aim to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival widespread information dissemination about the endangered status of many prominent species, such as the tiger and elephants
  • 15. KYOTO PROTOCOL broke new ground by defining three innovative “flexibility mechanisms” to lower the overall costs of achieving its emissions targets mechanisms enable Parties to access cost- effective opportunities to reduce emissions or to remove carbon from the atmosphere in other countries Emissions trading (carbon market) Clean development mechanism Joint implementation
  • 16. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) consider what can be done to reduce key points (objectives) global warming and to cope with whatever temperature increases are to keep the maximum inevitable temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius COP15 and COP5 held last month in Copenhagen concluded on Saturday, the commitment to list developed 19 December 2009 country emission reduction targets and mitigation action by developing countries for 2020 mechanisms to support technology transfer and forestry.
  • 17. THE PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION PROTECTS THE ENVIRONMENT...
  • 18. CHAIN SAW ACT (2002) or RA 9175 AN ACT REGULATING THE OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, SALE, IMPORTATION AND USE OF CHAIN SAWS, PENALIZING VIOLATIONS THEREOF AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES PERSONS AUTHORIZED TO POSSES OR USE CHAIN SAW: HAS A SUBSISTING TIMBER LICENSE AGREEMENT, PRODUCTION SHARING AGREEMENT, OR SIMILAR AGREEMENTS, OR A PRIVATE LAND TIMBER PERMIT; IS AN ORCHARD AND FRUIT TREE FARMER; IS AN INDUSTRIAL TREE FARMER; IS A LICENSED WOOD PROCESSOR AND THE CHAIN SAW SHALL BE USED FOR THE CUTTING OF TIMBER THAT HAS BEEN LEGALLY SOLD TO SAID APPLICANT SHALL USE THE CHAIN SAW FOR A LEGAL PURPOSE.
  • 19. ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000 or RA 9003 SEGREGATION AND COLLECTION OF SOLID WASTE SHALL BE CONDUCTED AT THE BARANGAY LEVEL SPECIFICALLY FOR BIODEGRADABLE, COMPOSTABLE AND REUSABLE WASTES: PROVIDED, THAT THE COLLECTION OF NON-RECYCLABLE MATERIALS AND SPECIAL WASTES SHALL BE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OR CITY (SECTION 10)
  • 20. PHILIPPINE CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1999 or RA 8749 THE STATE SHALL PROMOTE AND PROTECT THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT TO ATTAIN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT WHILE  RECOGNIZING THE PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS TO DEAL WITH ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS. THE STATE RECOGNIZES THAT THE RESPONSIBILITY OF CLEANING THE HABITAT AND ENVIRONMENT IS PRIMARILY AREA-BASED. THE STATE ALSO RECOGNIZES THE PRINCIPLE THAT “POLLUTERS MUST PAY”.
  • 21. ANIMAL WELFARE ACT OF 1998 or RA 8485 ACT TO PROTECT AND PROMOTE THE WELFARE OF ALL ANIMALS IN THE PHILIPPINES BY SUPERVISING AND REGULATING THE ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATIONS OF ALL FACILITIES UTILIZED FOR BREEDING, MAINTAINING, KEEPING, TREATING OR TRAINING OF ALL ANIMALS EITHER AS OBJECTS OF TRADE OR AS HOUSEHOLD PETS. PET ANIMAL SHALL INCLUDE BIRD ANY FORM OF CRUELTY SHALL BE PENALIZED
  • 22. PHILIPPINE MINING ACT OF 1995 or RA 7942 WITHIN THE TERRITORY AND EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES ARE OWNED BY THE STATE. IT SHALL BE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE STATE TO PROMOTE THEIR RATIONAL EXPLORATION, DEVELOPMENT, UTILIZATION AND CONSERVATION THROUGH THE COMBINED EFFORTS OF GOVERNMENT AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN ORDER TO ENHANCE NATIONAL GROWTH IN A WAY THAT EFFECTIVELY SAFEGUARDS THE ENVIRONMENT AND PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF AFFECTED COMMUNITIES
  • 23. EH KUMUSTA NAMAN?
  • 24. FOR YOUR ACTIVITY...PAGE 73
  • 25. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT What the future holds...
  • 26. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • 27. TO INCREASING THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF EVERY FILIPINO
  • 28. THE DECISION- MAKING TOOL Propose Creative Options Implement Action Plan or Solutions Monitor and Evaluate Assess each Option or Action Plan Solution in terms of + or – impact Communicate Results to the Community Propose one Solution by Consensus Consult and Reassess Develop an Action Plan and Contact Stakeholders for Input
  • 29. !"#"$!%&' ()$**+*,' %!"$-+.+-/' %0*#"*#1#'21+)3+*,' +4()"4"*-$-+0*' ".$)1$-+0*' (!02)"4'#0).+*,' ADVOCACY AND CONDUCTING FGDs Guided by your decision-making tool...
  • 30. ADVOCACY: ENVIRONMENTALISM IN ACTION
  • 31. SOME EXAMPLES...BUT NOT LIMITED TO INFORMATION JOIN PROGRAMS CAMPAIGN TREE PLANTING POSTERS/ SLOGANS/ RTR/ SAVE PASIG BROCHURES CONSERVE THE EDUCATION AND TURTLES AWARENESS BRING YOUR BAUNAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS LECTURE FORUM ON TRASH BINS FOR CAS CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 32. TO ARRIVE AT YOUR CLASS ADVOCACY... FGD-based on sustainable development decision wheel Choose panelists/resource persons and Moderator ISSUE to FOCUS: one environmental problem that can be addressed by a student advocacy END GOAL: a class advocacy plan/project!