NS5 Lecture 1: Environmental Ethics

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NS5 Lecture 1: Environmental Ethics

  1. 1. MODULE 1 PERCEPTION OF NATURE, WORLD VIEWS & ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  2. 2. HOW DO YOU PERCEIVE NATURE? tmacfitness.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  3. 3. HOW DO YOU PERCEIVE NATURE? hdw.eweb4.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  4. 4. HOW DO YOU PERCEIVE NATURE? www.smashingmagazine.com www.naportals.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  5. 5. HOW DO YOU PERCEIVE NATURE? www.smashingmagazine.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  6. 6. MAJOR PERCEPTIONS OF HUMANS TO NATURE • Everything is connected! • man is just a part of the bigger picture • Nature is fragile! • nature has delicate balance • Nature is durable! • nature as a sturdy system • Nature is capricious! • nature is unpredictable www.thegreatillusion.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  7. 7. ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS AND WORLD VIEWS fye2011.blogspot.comMarilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  8. 8. WHAT IS ETHICS? “A discipline dealing with what is good and bad, with moral duty and obligation” Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  9. 9. SUBSECTIONS OF ETHICS Social Ethics Ethics which guides human behavior towards each other Professional Ethics Ethics which guides professionals within its group and toward society Environmental Ethics Ethics which guides human behavior towards the earth Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  10. 10. COMMON SCENARIO HOW DO YOU APPROACH THE FOLLOWING ISSUES RELATED TO VALUES?! 1.Skin Color! 2.Gender! 3.Religion! 4.Education www.intermix.org.uk Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  11. 11. LETS’S TRY THE FOLLOWING? WHAT IS YOUR REACTION? • Some animals have more feelings than others, and we should care for those with the most feelings first! • I have mourned the loss of a plant! • It is okay to pick just one flower in class! • It is okay to pick just 50 flowers in class Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  12. 12. LETS’S TRY THE FOLLOWING? WHAT IS YOUR REACTION? • I have secretly set insects free from the house so they will not be killed! • Would pick a bouquet of wild flowers, even if they would die because of it! • I would harm myself in defense of a forest ecosystem (i.e. chaining myself to a tree)! • The death of a household pet has been more traumatizing than the death of humans Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  13. 13. LETS’S TRY THE FOLLOWING? WHAT IS YOUR REACTION? • I have no problem with eating meat! • Will eat meat, even if I don’t know how the animal was treated during its life! • I would kill a deer for a source of meat! • I would kill a deer just to help control population Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  14. 14. LETS’S TRY THE FOLLOWING? WHAT IS YOUR REACTION? • I would kill a deer for a trophy! • It is better to test cosmetics and medicine on non- humans before humans than the other way around! • The world would be better without mosquitoes! • The world would be better without dogs and cats! • The world would be better without humans Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  15. 15. THE ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICAL VALUE SYSTEM • Biocentrism! • Ecocentrism! • Anthropocentrism www.scienceclarified.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  16. 16. BIOCENTRISM • Humans are members of the Earth’s community! • All species are integral elements in a system of interdependence! • All organisms are centers of life, each pursuing its own good! • Humans are not inherently superior to other living things Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  17. 17. eco110rope.wordpress.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  18. 18. ECOCENTRISM • Expansion of biocentrism by including abiotic components of the environment! • It cares less about individual life forms but emphasizes interaction between them and fosters a system approach Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  19. 19. eco110rope.wordpress.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  20. 20. ANTHROPOCENTRISM • Emphasizes human domination over nature and views non-human environment as a bundle of natural resources to be managed and exploited for maximal human gain! • The ecosystems have only instrumental value, not intrinsic worth Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  21. 21. eco110rope.wordpress.com Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  22. 22. ONE THING IN COMMON… All three value systems have the human stewardship for the natural world in common, however they differ sharply as to whom they do it Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  23. 23. PROBLEMS OFTEN ARISE WITH ANTHROPOCENTRIC VIEW… Overpopulation Preoccupation with possession, power and ambition Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  24. 24. HOW COULD IT WORK? Adopt Ecocentric Values Re-connect emotionally to the natural world ! Live simply so others may simply live ! Welcome opportunity to conserve the earth’s resources Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
  25. 25. ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE in ETHICS What Is Environmental Justice? The EPA s Office of Environmental Justice defines Environmental Justice as: The fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. Fair treatment means that no group of people, including racial, ethnic, or socioeconomic group should bear a disproportionate share of the negative environmental consequences resulting from industrial, municipal, and commercial operations or the execution of federal, state, local, and tribal programs and policies. Marilen M. Parungao-Balolong
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