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Environment, food and industrial micro lecture for exam 3

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  • 1. MICROBIAL GENETICS & MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS Last Lecture Sets for Examination 3Monday, February 27, 2012
  • 2. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES ANTAGONISMMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 3. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES (Fungi and algae)Monday, February 27, 2012
  • 4. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES : bacteria & legumesMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 5. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES : ruminants and microbesMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 6. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MICROBES : fungi and plantsMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 7. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY:RESEARCH AREASMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 8. MICROBES AND THE BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLESMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 9. MICROBES AND THE BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLESMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 10. Microbial decomposition Proteins and waste products Amino acids Microbial ammonification Amino acids (–NH2) Ammonia (NH3) Nitrosomonas Ammonium ion (NH4 +) Nitrite ion (NO2- ) Nitrobacter Nitrite ion (NO2 -) Nitrate ion (NO3- ) Pseudmonas Nitrate ion (NO3 -) N2 Nitrogen - fixation N2 Ammonia (NH3)Monday, February 27, 2012
  • 11. MICROBES AND THE BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLESMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 12. Microbial decomposition Proteins and waste products Amino acids Microbial dissimilation Amino acids (–SH) H 2S Thiobacillus H 2S SO42– (for energy) Microbial & plant assimilation SO4 2– Amino acidsMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 13. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY Bioremediation Use of microbes to detoxify or degrade pollutants; enhanced by nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer Bioaugmentation Addition of specific microbes to degrade of pollutant Composting Arranging organic waste to promote microbialMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 14. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: BIOFILMS application as surfactantMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 15. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: BIOLUMINESCENCE application as biomarkerMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 16. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTINGMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 17. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTING MUGMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 18. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTING MUGMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 19. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTING β- galactosidase MUGMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 20. APPLIED AND INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY: WATER QUALITY TESTING β- galactosidase MUG fluorescent compoundMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 21. WATER TREATMENT PROCESSMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 22. FOOD PRESERVATION : CANNING QUALITY CONTROL: COMMERCIAL STERILIZATIONMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 23. FERMENTATION Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sugar Ethyl alcohol + CO2 Lactic acid bacteria Malic acid Lactic acid Acetobacter or Gluconobacter Ethyl alcohol Acetic acidMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 24. FERMENTATIONMonday, February 27, 2012
  • 25. Yeast FermentationsMonday, February 27, 2012