PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & NUTRITION
MISS HATTENDORF
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY?
 Cardiovascular

System: Strengthens
the heart muscle, will pump blood
more e...
BENEFITS TO MENTAL HEALTH AND SOCIAL
HEALTH
 Reduce

stress
 Manage anger or frustration
 Improve mood
 Decrease risk ...
RISKS OF PHYSICAL INACTIVITY
Sedentary Lifestyle: A way of life that involves little
physical activity
 Risks:
 Unhealth...
ELEMENTS OF FITNESS
Five Components of Fitness

•
•
•
•
•

Cardiorespiratory Endurance
Muscular Strength
Muscle Endurance
...
IMPORTANCE OF GOOD NUTRITION
What exactly is a Calorie? Good question—Energy
is used to fuel the body’s need. A calorie wh...
WHAT INFLUENCES YOUR FOOD CHOICES?






Hunger and Appetite: Whether you are responding to hunger
or appetite when you...
NUTRIENTS
Carbohydrates
 Composed of starches
and sugar
 Recommended 5560% of calorie needs
 Simple: Sugars (fruitmilk)...
MORE NUTRIENTS
Proteins
 Help and maintain
body cells and tissue
 Complete: Contains
nine essential
minerals—yogurt,
che...
AND MORE NUTRIENTS
Vitamins
Helps to regulate many
vital body processes
(digestions and
metabolism)
Water-soluble: dissolv...
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Nutrition

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Nutrition

  1. 1. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & NUTRITION MISS HATTENDORF
  2. 2. WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY?  Cardiovascular System: Strengthens the heart muscle, will pump blood more efficiently.  Respiratory System: Works more efficiently, breathe larger amounts of air, muscles often tire as quickly.  Nervous System: Respond more quickly to stimuli, improve reaction time.
  3. 3. BENEFITS TO MENTAL HEALTH AND SOCIAL HEALTH  Reduce stress  Manage anger or frustration  Improve mood  Decrease risk of depression  Help you look and feel better, selfconcept, and over all self-esteem
  4. 4. RISKS OF PHYSICAL INACTIVITY Sedentary Lifestyle: A way of life that involves little physical activity  Risks:  Unhealthy weight gain—which is linked to Type 2 Diabetes and Heart Disease  Increase risk of osteoporosis—decrease in bone density causing them to become brittle  Reduced ability to manage stress 
  5. 5. ELEMENTS OF FITNESS Five Components of Fitness • • • • • Cardiorespiratory Endurance Muscular Strength Muscle Endurance Flexibility Body Compositions Aerobic vs. Anaerobic  Aerobic: Any activity that uses large muscle groups and requires oxygen  Anaerobic: Short bursts of energy which does not require oxygen 
  6. 6. IMPORTANCE OF GOOD NUTRITION What exactly is a Calorie? Good question—Energy is used to fuel the body’s need. A calorie which is a unit of heat it is responsible for giving energy for the body to operate.  Nutrient: Substances in food.  Hunger vs. Appetite  Hunger is an unlearned response which protects you from starvation  Appetite is the desire not the need to eat. That wanting feeling to eat something. 
  7. 7. WHAT INFLUENCES YOUR FOOD CHOICES?    Hunger and Appetite: Whether you are responding to hunger or appetite when you eat, many factors influence you food choices and eating habits. Emotions: Food is sometimes used to meet emotional needs. Using food to relieve tension or boredom or to reward yourself can result in overeating and unhealthful weight gain. Recognizing when emotions are guiding your food choices can help you break such patterns and improve your eating habits. Environment: Family, friends and peers-many of your eating habits were shaped as you were growing up, when adults planned your meals. culture/ethnic background-your food choices may reflect your cultural heritage or ethnic background. convenience/cost, and advertising.
  8. 8. NUTRIENTS Carbohydrates  Composed of starches and sugar  Recommended 5560% of calorie needs  Simple: Sugars (fruitmilk)  Complex: Starches (pasta, nuts, potatoes)  Main role: Carbs are converted to glucosemain source of energy  Fiber (part of carbs)  Indigestible complex carb  Vegetables and fruits with edible skin, and whole grains  Eating enough results in lower chance of heart disease  Eat 20-35 grams 
  9. 9. MORE NUTRIENTS Proteins  Help and maintain body cells and tissue  Complete: Contains nine essential minerals—yogurt, cheese, milk  Incomplete: lack one or more amino acids— beans, nuts  Fats  Fatty substance does not dissolve in water  Saturated: Bad fat— meat, egg yolks, and some dairy foods  Unsaturated: Good fat--olive oil—associate with reducing heart disease  Essential for health functions 
  10. 10. AND MORE NUTRIENTS Vitamins Helps to regulate many vital body processes (digestions and metabolism) Water-soluble: dissolve in water and easily pass in the blood during digestions Fat-soluble: Stored in fatty tissue, kidneys, and liver. Absorbed, stored and transported in fat     Minerals Needed for healthy bones, teeth and for regulating many vital body processes   Conclusion: Remember you are what you eat
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