WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PHYSICAL
the heart muscle, will pump blood
Respiratory System: Works more
efficiently, breathe larger amounts of
air, muscles often tire as quickly.
Nervous System: Respond more
quickly to stimuli, improve reaction
BENEFITS TO MENTAL HEALTH AND SOCIAL
Manage anger or frustration
Decrease risk of depression
Help you look and feel better, selfconcept, and over all self-esteem
RISKS OF PHYSICAL INACTIVITY
Sedentary Lifestyle: A way of life that involves little
Unhealthy weight gain—which is linked to Type 2
Diabetes and Heart Disease
Increase risk of osteoporosis—decrease in bone
density causing them to become brittle
Reduced ability to manage stress
ELEMENTS OF FITNESS
Five Components of Fitness
Aerobic vs. Anaerobic
Aerobic: Any activity that uses large muscle groups
and requires oxygen
Anaerobic: Short bursts of energy which does not
IMPORTANCE OF GOOD NUTRITION
What exactly is a Calorie? Good question—Energy
is used to fuel the body’s need. A calorie which is a
unit of heat it is responsible for giving energy for the
body to operate.
Nutrient: Substances in food.
Hunger vs. Appetite
Hunger is an unlearned response which protects
you from starvation
Appetite is the desire not the need to eat. That
wanting feeling to eat something.
WHAT INFLUENCES YOUR FOOD CHOICES?
Hunger and Appetite: Whether you are responding to hunger
or appetite when you eat, many factors influence you food
choices and eating habits.
Emotions: Food is sometimes used to meet emotional needs.
Using food to relieve tension or boredom or to reward yourself
can result in overeating and unhealthful weight gain.
Recognizing when emotions are guiding your food choices
can help you break such patterns and improve your eating
Environment: Family, friends and peers-many of your eating
habits were shaped as you were growing up, when adults
planned your meals. culture/ethnic background-your food
choices may reflect your cultural heritage or ethnic
background. convenience/cost, and advertising.
Composed of starches
Recommended 5560% of calorie needs
Simple: Sugars (fruitmilk)
(pasta, nuts, potatoes)
Main role: Carbs are
converted to glucosemain source of energy
Fiber (part of carbs)
Vegetables and fruits
with edible skin, and
Eating enough results
in lower chance of
Eat 20-35 grams
Help and maintain
body cells and tissue
Incomplete: lack one or
more amino acids—
Fatty substance does
not dissolve in water
Saturated: Bad fat—
meat, egg yolks, and
some dairy foods
Unsaturated: Good fat--olive oil—associate
with reducing heart
Essential for health
AND MORE NUTRIENTS
Helps to regulate many
vital body processes
Water-soluble: dissolve in
water and easily pass in
the blood during
Fat-soluble: Stored in
fatty tissue, kidneys, and
liver. Absorbed, stored
and transported in fat
Needed for healthy
bones, teeth and for
regulating many vital
Remember you are
what you eat
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