*Injuries range from bruises, to hip and other bone fractures to head traumas; make it hard to get around and limit independent living; increase the risk or early death (Amer. Jrnl. Pub. Hlth, 1992).*Every 18 seconds, an older adult is treated in an emergency dept. for a fall; every 35 minutes someone in this population dies as a result of their injuries.
*Rates of fall-related fractures are 2x as high for women as for men. (CDC 2005)*Men are more likely to die from a fall. (CDC 2005)
Bullet 2: The cost of power mobility is a FRACTION of the cost of these services!
*20% of senior citizens who suffer a hip fracture die within 1 year of fracture. (HHS PressOfc, 2004)
*You may also offer 2 handouts: 1) Exercises for fall prevention; 2) Fall Prevention Safety Checklist.
Fall Prevention<br />Leslie Harris-Petrie<br />
Fall Statistics<br />Each year 1/3 of older adults fall. Of those, 20%-30% suffer moderate to severe injuries.<br />Falls are the leading cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries for persons aged 65 and older.<br />In 2005, 15,800 people 65+ died from injuries related to unintentional falls.<br />
Fall Statistics<br />More than 90% of hip fractures among adults 65+ are the result of a fall. <br />Most fractures among older adults are caused by falls. Most common fractures are: spine, hip, forearm, leg, ankle, pelvis, upper arm, hand.<br />Falls are the most common cause of traumatic brain injuries. (46% of fatal falls)<br />
Fall Statistics<br />Rates of fall-related deaths among other adults rose significantly over the past decade.<br />Many people who fall (even those not injured) develop a fear of falling, causing limited activity and physical fitness and increasing actual fall risk.<br />
Cost of Falls<br />The annual direct and indirect cost of fall injuries is expected to reach $54.9 billion by 2020.<br />In people over 72, the average cost of a fall injury totals over $19,440 including hospital, nursing home, emergency room and home health care (does not include doctors’ services).<br />
Cost of Falls<br />Of the 350,000 patients who fall and break hips yearly, 40% end up in a nursing home; 20% never walk again.<br />Lifetime cost of a hip fracture is more than $81,000.<br />Annual Medicare cost for hip fractures is almost $3 billion.<br />
Risk Factors<br />Muscle weakness<br />Postural hypotension<br />Vision problems<br />Balance or gait impairment<br />Use of 4 or more medications<br />Use of sedative medications<br />Certain chronic diseases such as Parkinson’s; arthritis, stroke<br />Previous falls<br />