• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Unit 5 – growing nation
 

Unit 5 – growing nation

on

  • 437 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
437
Views on SlideShare
437
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Unit 5 – growing nation Unit 5 – growing nation Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 5 – Growing Nation
      Spring 2009
    • America under Andrew Jackson
      http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/videos/images/playernew/36fde945-1bfa-4b27-b055-fef50c9a415f.jpg
    • Form A
      1. Washington
      2. Oregon
      3. California
      4. Nevada
      5. Idaho
      6. Montana
      7. Wyoming
      8. Utah
      9. Colorado
      10. Arizona
      11. New mexico
      12. North Dak.
      13. South Dak.
      14. Nebraska
      15. Kansas
      16. Oklahoma
      17. Texas
      18. Hawaii
      19. Alaska
      20. Minnesota
      21. Iowa
      22. Missouri
      23. Arkansas
      24. Louisiana
      25. Wisconsin
      Form B
      1. Hawaii
      2. Alaska
      3. Washington
      4. Oregon
      5.California
      6. Nevada
      7. Idaho
      8.Montana
      9. Wyoming
      10. Utah
      11. Colorado
      12. Arizona
      13. New Mexico
      14. North Dakota
      15. South Dakota
      16. Nebraska
      17. Kansas
      18. Oklahoma
      19. Texas
      20. Minnesota
      21.Wisconsin
      22. Iowa
      23. Missouri
      24. Illinois
      25. Arkansas
      Form D
      1. Maryland
      2. Delaware
      3. New Jersey
      4. Connecticut
      5. Rhode Island
      6.Massachussits
      7. Vermont
      8. New Hampshire
      9. Maine
      10. New York
      11. Pennsylvania
      12. West Virginia
      13. Virginia
      14. North Carol.
      15. South Carol.
      16. Georgia
      17. Florida
      18. Ohio
      19. Michigan
      20. Indiana
      21. Kentucky
      22. Tennessee
      23. Alabama
      24. Mississippi
      25. Wisconsin
      Form C
      1. Maine
      2. New Hampshire
      3. Vermont
      4. Massachusetts
      5. Rhode Island
      6. Connecticut
      7. New York
      8. Pennsylvania
      9. New Jersey
      10. Delaware
      11. Maryland
      12. West Virginia
      13. Virginia
      14. North Carol.
      15.South Carol.
      16. Georgia
      17. Florida
      18. Alabama
      19. Mississippi
      20. Tennessee
      21. Kentucky
      22. Ohio
      23. Indiana
      24. Michigan
      25. Wisconsin
      Form E
      1. L. Superior
      2. L. Michigan
      3. L. Huron
      4. L. Erie
      5. L. Ontario
      6. Mass.
      7. Rhode Island
      8. Connecticut
      9. New Jersey
      10. Delaware
      11. Maryland
      12. Maine
      13. New Hampshire
      14. Vermont
      15. New York
      16. Pennsylvania
      17. West Virginia
      18. Virginia
      19. North Carol.
      20. South Carol.
      21. Georgia
      22. Florida
      23. Ohio
      24. Kentucky
      25.Tennessee
    • Form A
      26. Illinois
      27.Kentucky
      28. Tennessee
      29. Mississippi
      30. Alabama
      31.Georgia
      32. Florida
      33. South Carol.
      34. North Carol.
      35. Virginia
      36. West Virg.
      37. Indiana
      38. Ohio
      39. Michigan
      40. Pennsyl.
      41.Maryland
      42.Deleware
      43.New Jersey
      44. New York
      45. Vermont
      46. New Hamp.
      47. Maine
      48. Mass.
      49. Connecticut
      50.Rhode Isla.
      Form B
      26. Louisiana
      27. Michigan
      28. Indiana
      29. Ohio
      30. Kentucky
      31. Tennessee
      32. Mississippi
      33. Alabama
      34. Georgia
      35. Florida
      36. South Carol.
      37. North Carol.
      38. Virginia
      39. West Virginia
      40. Pennsylvania
      41. New York
      42. Maryland
      43. Delaware
      44. New Jersey
      45. Connecticut
      46. Rhode Island
      47. Mass.
      48. Vermont
      49. New Hampshire
      50. Maine
      Form C
      26. Illinois
      27. Minnesota
      28. Iowa
      29. Missouri
      30. Arkansas
      31. Louisiana
      32. Texas
      33. Oklahoma
      34. Kansas
      35. Nebraska
      36. South Dakota
      37. North Dakota
      38. Montana
      39. Wyoming
      40. Colorado
      41. New Mexico
      42.Arizona
      43. Nevada
      44. Idaho
      45.Washington
      46. Oregon
      47. California
      48.Utah
      49. Hawaii
      50. Alaska
      Form D
      26. Illinois
      27. Minnesota
      28. Iowa
      29. Missouri
      30. Arkansas
      31. Louisiana
      32. North Dakota
      33. South Dakota
      34. Nebraska
      35. Kansas
      36. Oklahoma
      37. Texas
      38. Montana
      39. Wyoming
      40. Colorado
      41. New Mexico
      42. Idaho
      43. Utah
      44. Arizona
      45. Washington
      46. Oregon
      47. Nevada
      48. California
      49. Hawaii
      50. Alaska
      Form E
      26. Alabama
      27. Mississippi
      28. Michigan
      29. Indiana
      30. Wisconsin
      31. Illinois
      32. Minnesota
      33. Iowa
      34. Missouri
      35. Arkansas
      36. Louisiana
      37. North Dakota
      38. South Dakota
      39. Nebraska
      40. Kansas
      41. Oklahoma
      42. Texas
      43. Montana
      44. Wyoming
      45. Colorado
      46. New Mexico
      47. Idaho
      48. Utah
      49. Arizona
      50. Washington
    • Form C
      51. L. Superior
      52. L. Huron
      53. L. Michigan
      54. L. Erie
      55. L. Ontario
      Form D
      51. L. Ontario
      52. L. Erie
      53. L. Huron
      54. L. Michigan
      55. L. Superior
      Form E
      51. Oregon
      52. Nevada
      53. California
      54. Hawaii
      55. Alaska
      Form B
      51. L. Huron
      52. L. Erie
      53. L. Ontario
      54. L. Michigan
      55. L. Superior
      Form A
      51. L. Superior
      52.L. Huron
      53.L. Michigan
      54.L. Erie
      55.L. Ontario
    • Who is Andrew Jackson?
      War of 1812 Hero
      Orphan – family “killed by British”
      Frontiersman
      Horse racer
      Indian fighter
      Land speculator
      “Old Hickory” – one tough cookie
      “self-made man”
      Not from Virginia or Adams
    • Campaign of 1824 - 1828
      1824 - Major Sectionalism – people couldn’t pick a winner
      1824 – went to HR – Picked John Quincy Adams
      1828 – Ruthless campaign – Adams vs. Jackson
      Jackson Wins
    • Spoils System
      Informal practice where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party
      As opposed to a system of awarding offices on the basis of some measure of merit independent of political activity.
      The term was derived from the phrase "'to the victor belong the spoils…”
      Westerners/Jackson supporters, came to DC expecting pres. to give them jobs
    • Jacksonian Democracy
      Tried to get ‘regular people’ more involved in democracy
      Example, all white men can now vote, not just land owners
      Want for the ‘common man’ to have more of a say in his government –
      Supported Manifest Destiny
      Avoid Slavery argument
    • Changes in Elections
      Does away with caucus system, creates nominating conventions
    • The Tariff Debate – North vs. South
      1828 – high tariff placed on European Imported manufactured goods
      North – loved tariff, made European goods more expensive, people bought North produced products
      South – Hated the tariff, meant higher prices for them
      Group of Southern states decided to protest – they felt they should be able to nullify, or “undo,” the law
    • South Protests
      Some Southerners, including the VP, wanted to secede from the union
      South’s argument: since the states decided to join the union, they should get to decide if they leave
      Two senators, Webster and Hayne, got into major debates about this in the Senate. Became known as Webster-Hayne Debate
    • What did Jackson do?
      He was invited to speak at a dinner with Southerners who wanted to secede.
      Said, “Our federal union…must be preserved!”
      He did not support states leaving
      In response, his VP said, “The union—next to our liberty, most dear,” and resigned from the VP job to be elected into the Senate to debate
    • Nullification Crisis
      The state of South Carolina passed a law saying they would not pay the high tariff
      In response, Jackson passed the Force Bill, saying he would use the army to make South Carolinians pay the tariff
      They compromised and created a lower tariff – no side was truly happy about this
    • AIG – Bonuses
      US Government AIG Executives
      AIG
    • Toxic Assets
      Banks – Bad loans
      US government Private Sector
    • Native American Relations
      5 Native Tribes Involved:
      Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chicasaw and Seminole nations
      Americans were eager for land to raise cotton, Jackson agreed
      Some Peaceful negogations: 1814-24, natives traded land in east for land in the west
      The tribes agreed to the treaties for strategic reasons.
      They wanted to appease the government in the hopes of retaining some of their land, and they wanted to protect themselves from white harassment.
      US took control of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi, Kentucky and North Carolina.
      This was voluntary Indian migration, however, and only a small number of Creeks, Cherokee and Choctaws actually moved
    • Johnson v. M'Intosh, 1823
      case in which the Supreme Court held that private citizens could not purchase lands directly from Indians
      US got land on old European colonization practices – so the only people who could buy the land from natives, was the US
      “Right of Occupancy” subordinate to the “right of Discovery”
      >
    • Indian Removal Act - 1830
      president got the power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi.
      Natives who stayed had to become citizens of the US State they lived in
      Supposed to be voluntary and peaceful, but the southeastern nations resisted, and Jackson forced them to leave.
    • Trail of tears
      The Cherokee were tricked with a bad treaty.
      Cherokee given 2 yrs. to migrate voluntarily
      By 1838 only 2,000 had migrated; 16,000 remained
      U.S. sent in troops
      forced the Cherokees into stockades at bayonet point. They were not allowed time to gather their belongings, and as they left, whites looted their homes.
      Began the march known as the Trail of Tears
      4,000 Cherokee people died of cold, hunger, and disease on their way to the western lands.
    • Results:
      By 1837, the Jackson administration had removed 46,000 Native American people from their land east of the Mississippi,
      opening 25 million acres of land to white settlement and to slavery.
    • Where would you want to go?
      What areas would you want to be close to? What would you need to survive?