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Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
Unit 5 – growing nation
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Unit 5 – growing nation

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  • 1. Unit 5 – Growing Nation<br />Spring 2009<br />
  • 2. America under Andrew Jackson<br />http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/videos/images/playernew/36fde945-1bfa-4b27-b055-fef50c9a415f.jpg<br />
  • 3. Form A<br />1. Washington<br />2. Oregon<br />3. California<br />4. Nevada<br />5. Idaho<br />6. Montana<br />7. Wyoming<br />8. Utah<br />9. Colorado<br />10. Arizona<br />11. New mexico<br />12. North Dak.<br />13. South Dak.<br />14. Nebraska<br />15. Kansas <br />16. Oklahoma<br />17. Texas<br />18. Hawaii<br />19. Alaska<br />20. Minnesota <br />21. Iowa<br />22. Missouri<br />23. Arkansas<br />24. Louisiana<br />25. Wisconsin<br />Form B<br />1. Hawaii<br />2. Alaska<br />3. Washington<br />4. Oregon<br />5.California<br />6. Nevada<br />7. Idaho<br />8.Montana<br />9. Wyoming<br />10. Utah <br />11. Colorado<br />12. Arizona<br />13. New Mexico<br />14. North Dakota<br />15. South Dakota<br />16. Nebraska<br />17. Kansas<br />18. Oklahoma<br />19. Texas<br />20. Minnesota <br />21.Wisconsin<br />22. Iowa <br />23. Missouri<br />24. Illinois<br />25. Arkansas<br />Form D<br />1. Maryland <br />2. Delaware<br />3. New Jersey<br />4. Connecticut<br />5. Rhode Island<br />6.Massachussits<br />7. Vermont<br />8. New Hampshire<br />9. Maine<br />10. New York<br />11. Pennsylvania<br />12. West Virginia<br />13. Virginia<br />14. North Carol.<br />15. South Carol. <br />16. Georgia<br />17. Florida<br />18. Ohio<br />19. Michigan<br />20. Indiana<br />21. Kentucky<br />22. Tennessee<br />23. Alabama<br />24. Mississippi<br />25. Wisconsin<br />Form C<br />1. Maine<br />2. New Hampshire<br />3. Vermont<br />4. Massachusetts<br />5. Rhode Island<br />6. Connecticut<br />7. New York<br />8. Pennsylvania<br />9. New Jersey <br />10. Delaware<br />11. Maryland<br />12. West Virginia<br />13. Virginia<br />14. North Carol. <br />15.South Carol. <br />16. Georgia<br />17. Florida <br />18. Alabama<br />19. Mississippi<br />20. Tennessee<br />21. Kentucky<br />22. Ohio<br />23. Indiana<br />24. Michigan<br />25. Wisconsin<br />Form E<br />1. L. Superior<br />2. L. Michigan<br />3. L. Huron<br />4. L. Erie<br />5. L. Ontario<br />6. Mass. <br />7. Rhode Island<br />8. Connecticut<br />9. New Jersey<br />10. Delaware<br />11. Maryland<br />12. Maine<br />13. New Hampshire<br />14. Vermont<br />15. New York<br />16. Pennsylvania<br />17. West Virginia<br />18. Virginia<br />19. North Carol.<br />20. South Carol. <br />21. Georgia<br />22. Florida<br />23. Ohio<br />24. Kentucky<br />25.Tennessee<br />
  • 4. Form A<br />26. Illinois<br />27.Kentucky<br />28. Tennessee<br />29. Mississippi<br />30. Alabama<br />31.Georgia<br />32. Florida<br />33. South Carol.<br />34. North Carol.<br />35. Virginia<br />36. West Virg.<br />37. Indiana<br />38. Ohio<br />39. Michigan<br />40. Pennsyl.<br />41.Maryland <br />42.Deleware<br />43.New Jersey<br />44. New York<br />45. Vermont<br />46. New Hamp.<br />47. Maine<br />48. Mass. <br />49. Connecticut<br />50.Rhode Isla.<br />Form B<br />26. Louisiana<br />27. Michigan <br />28. Indiana<br />29. Ohio<br />30. Kentucky<br />31. Tennessee <br />32. Mississippi<br />33. Alabama<br />34. Georgia<br />35. Florida<br />36. South Carol. <br />37. North Carol. <br />38. Virginia<br />39. West Virginia<br />40. Pennsylvania<br />41. New York<br />42. Maryland<br />43. Delaware<br />44. New Jersey <br />45. Connecticut<br />46. Rhode Island<br />47. Mass. <br />48. Vermont<br />49. New Hampshire<br />50. Maine<br />Form C<br />26. Illinois<br />27. Minnesota<br />28. Iowa<br />29. Missouri<br />30. Arkansas<br />31. Louisiana<br />32. Texas<br />33. Oklahoma<br />34. Kansas<br />35. Nebraska<br />36. South Dakota<br />37. North Dakota<br />38. Montana<br />39. Wyoming <br />40. Colorado <br />41. New Mexico <br />42.Arizona<br />43. Nevada<br />44. Idaho<br />45.Washington<br />46. Oregon<br />47. California<br />48.Utah <br />49. Hawaii <br />50. Alaska<br />Form D<br />26. Illinois<br />27. Minnesota<br />28. Iowa<br />29. Missouri<br />30. Arkansas<br />31. Louisiana<br />32. North Dakota<br />33. South Dakota<br />34. Nebraska<br />35. Kansas<br />36. Oklahoma<br />37. Texas<br />38. Montana<br />39. Wyoming<br />40. Colorado<br />41. New Mexico<br />42. Idaho<br />43. Utah<br />44. Arizona<br />45. Washington<br />46. Oregon<br />47. Nevada<br />48. California<br />49. Hawaii<br />50. Alaska<br />Form E<br />26. Alabama<br />27. Mississippi<br />28. Michigan<br />29. Indiana<br />30. Wisconsin<br />31. Illinois<br />32. Minnesota <br />33. Iowa<br />34. Missouri<br />35. Arkansas<br />36. Louisiana<br />37. North Dakota<br />38. South Dakota<br />39. Nebraska<br />40. Kansas<br />41. Oklahoma<br />42. Texas <br />43. Montana<br />44. Wyoming<br />45. Colorado<br />46. New Mexico<br />47. Idaho<br />48. Utah <br />49. Arizona<br />50. Washington<br />
  • 5. Form C<br />51. L. Superior<br />52. L. Huron<br />53. L. Michigan<br />54. L. Erie<br />55. L. Ontario<br />Form D<br />51. L. Ontario<br />52. L. Erie<br />53. L. Huron<br />54. L. Michigan<br />55. L. Superior<br />Form E<br />51. Oregon<br />52. Nevada<br />53. California<br />54. Hawaii<br />55. Alaska<br />Form B<br />51. L. Huron<br />52. L. Erie<br />53. L. Ontario<br />54. L. Michigan <br />55. L. Superior<br />Form A<br />51. L. Superior<br />52.L. Huron<br />53.L. Michigan<br />54.L. Erie<br />55.L. Ontario<br />
  • 6. Who is Andrew Jackson?<br />War of 1812 Hero<br />Orphan – family “killed by British” <br />Frontiersman<br />Horse racer<br />Indian fighter<br />Land speculator <br />“Old Hickory” – one tough cookie<br />“self-made man”<br />Not from Virginia or Adams<br />
  • 7. Campaign of 1824 - 1828<br />1824 - Major Sectionalism – people couldn’t pick a winner <br />1824 – went to HR – Picked John Quincy Adams<br />1828 – Ruthless campaign – Adams vs. Jackson<br />Jackson Wins<br />
  • 8.
  • 9. Spoils System<br />Informal practice where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party<br />As opposed to a system of awarding offices on the basis of some measure of merit independent of political activity.<br />The term was derived from the phrase "'to the victor belong the spoils…” <br />Westerners/Jackson supporters, came to DC expecting pres. to give them jobs<br />
  • 10. Jacksonian Democracy <br />Tried to get ‘regular people’ more involved in democracy<br />Example, all white men can now vote, not just land owners<br />Want for the ‘common man’ to have more of a say in his government – <br />Supported Manifest Destiny<br />Avoid Slavery argument <br />
  • 11. Changes in Elections<br />Does away with caucus system, creates nominating conventions<br />
  • 12. The Tariff Debate – North vs. South<br />1828 – high tariff placed on European Imported manufactured goods<br />North – loved tariff, made European goods more expensive, people bought North produced products<br />South – Hated the tariff, meant higher prices for them<br />Group of Southern states decided to protest – they felt they should be able to nullify, or “undo,” the law<br />
  • 13. South Protests <br />Some Southerners, including the VP, wanted to secede from the union <br />South’s argument: since the states decided to join the union, they should get to decide if they leave<br />Two senators, Webster and Hayne, got into major debates about this in the Senate. Became known as Webster-Hayne Debate<br />
  • 14. What did Jackson do?<br />He was invited to speak at a dinner with Southerners who wanted to secede. <br />Said, “Our federal union…must be preserved!”<br />He did not support states leaving<br />In response, his VP said, “The union—next to our liberty, most dear,” and resigned from the VP job to be elected into the Senate to debate<br />
  • 15. Nullification Crisis<br />The state of South Carolina passed a law saying they would not pay the high tariff<br />In response, Jackson passed the Force Bill, saying he would use the army to make South Carolinians pay the tariff<br />They compromised and created a lower tariff – no side was truly happy about this<br />
  • 16. AIG – Bonuses <br />US Government AIG Executives<br /> AIG<br />
  • 17. Toxic Assets <br />Banks – Bad loans<br />US government Private Sector<br />
  • 18. Native American Relations<br />5 Native Tribes Involved:<br />Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chicasaw and Seminole nations<br />Americans were eager for land to raise cotton, Jackson agreed<br />Some Peaceful negogations: 1814-24, natives traded land in east for land in the west <br />The tribes agreed to the treaties for strategic reasons. <br />They wanted to appease the government in the hopes of retaining some of their land, and they wanted to protect themselves from white harassment. <br />US took control of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi, Kentucky and North Carolina. <br />This was voluntary Indian migration, however, and only a small number of Creeks, Cherokee and Choctaws actually moved<br />
  • 19. Johnson v. M'Intosh, 1823<br />case in which the Supreme Court held that private citizens could not purchase lands directly from Indians <br />US got land on old European colonization practices – so the only people who could buy the land from natives, was the US<br />“Right of Occupancy” subordinate to the “right of Discovery” <br /> ><br />
  • 20. Indian Removal Act - 1830<br />president got the power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi. <br />Natives who stayed had to become citizens of the US State they lived in <br />Supposed to be voluntary and peaceful, but the southeastern nations resisted, and Jackson forced them to leave.<br />
  • 21. Trail of tears<br />The Cherokee were tricked with a bad treaty. <br />Cherokee given 2 yrs. to migrate voluntarily<br />By 1838 only 2,000 had migrated; 16,000 remained <br />U.S. sent in troops<br />forced the Cherokees into stockades at bayonet point. They were not allowed time to gather their belongings, and as they left, whites looted their homes. <br />Began the march known as the Trail of Tears<br />4,000 Cherokee people died of cold, hunger, and disease on their way to the western lands. <br />
  • 22. Results:<br />By 1837, the Jackson administration had removed 46,000 Native American people from their land east of the Mississippi, <br />opening 25 million acres of land to white settlement and to slavery.<br />
  • 23. Where would you want to go?<br />What areas would you want to be close to? What would you need to survive?<br />

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