The Constitution Fall 2009 ---black and gold…for all you Mizzou fans…puke
Articles of Confederation Made during the Revolutionary War Implemented Right after the war ended Had a lot of problems…why? No one had the power to really do anything…
For example: Under the Articles of Confederation, the government could NOT… Raise taxes – couldn’t pay off Rev. War debt Very hard to change (needed a unanimous vote) Congress couldn’t regulate trade between states No president- there was a congress and the men took turns running the Congress, one year terms Sates had most of the power No national money Sizes of states didn’t matter, each state got one vote Only one branch of government
Why couldn’t they do these things? The founding fathers were afraid that someone would abuse the power of the government…its what they were most afraid of
So, they got together to fix the Articles of Confederation But it was so messed up, they decided to make a whole new governing document! That brings us to The Constitution The very beginning of The Constitution has a list of goals…its called the Preamble –(pre because it comes before the rest of the document – it’s the introduction)
By FRIDAY: you will memorize the Preamble…lucky you! But what the heck is it talking about? Let’s find out. Blah, blah, blah….
We, the people of the United States
In order to form a more perfect union,
Insure domestic tranquility,
Provide for the Common Defense,
Promote the General Welfare,
And secure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity,
Do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of America
What was the “GREAT COMPROMISE?” First of all, what is a compromise? The great compromise has to do with Congress and how each states votes are counted. You give a little to get a little Of what you want.
What was the compromise about? Big states felt their votes should be counted more because they had more people Little states were worried that if the big states had too much power, the little states would never be able to get what they wanted.
Resolution aka “The Great Compromise” We would have two houses: the House of Representatives has votes based off the # of people in each state (435 people; different # from each state) The Senate has the same number of votes for each state (100 people; 2 from each state)
But that led to another problem…Ugh… Should slaves be counted in the population of a state for the House of Representatives? Southern states said… Northern states said…
So…they came up with “The 3/5 Compromise” Slaves could be counted as 3/5 of one person So, how many slaves do you need to have 6 people added to your state total… Use your math…I know you’re learning about fractions! 10! 10 slaves would only count as 6 people…
Constution BAV Amendment – formal change to a document Compromise – giving something up to get what you want Domestic/foreign – in or from a country/in or from another country Federalism – national and local government working at the same time Impeach – kick out a government official from office Plurality – having the most number of votes…but not necessarily a majority Preamble – an introduction to a document Ratify – to formally approve Suffrage – the right to vote Temperance – the avoidance of using alcohol Unconstitutional – a law that goes against something in the constitution
Learning Target #14
Why do their term lengths vairy? So that way, not everyone is new at the same time….we stagger our leadership so that someone always knows what’s going on
AMENDMENTS 1-10 = THE BILL OF RIGHTS Open “we the people book” to page 157 and get our your learning targets http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=C21AD41A-DF76-4446-9441-7531DDB0086B&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US