12. What was the California Gold Rush? Many Americans moved to CA in 1849 looking for gold Massive migration By land = very long By sea = very expensive, but faster
13. Who were the transendentalists? Writers and political activists from New England area New thinkers, new ideas, new way of observing and thinking about America Sparked many other reform movements These people were VERY anti-slave/abolitionists, and very ‘liberal’ by 1830’s standards
14. What education reforms occurred in the 1830’s? Grade school went from being all private to public (paid for through taxes) Became mandatory that kids go to school First school for students with special needs and women Lots of universities built = more accessible for ‘average’ person
15. What were some of the major events in the Women’s Reform movement of the 1830’s? Women push for right to vote (didn’t actually happen for another 80 years) Women push for right to an education Changes in laws – marriage and property
16. What is the Underground Railroad? Network of escape routes for slaves as they escape from their plantations to areas that prohibit slavery Slaves traveled at night, sleeping during the day in homes owned by abolitionists No actual Railroad
17. How is an abolitionist different from someone who is just anti-slave? Anti-Slave = dislike slavery, often northerners, some southerners. Abolitionist = someone who works actively to end slavery through protests, helping slaves escape, work in the political realm, etc.
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