SCOPE: • I. Asia divided into regions • II. Facts about Asia • III. Popular things in Asia
I. ASIA DIVIDED INTO REGIONS: • Southwest Asia • East Asia • Southeast Asia • Central Asia • South Asia
• Also known as the Middle East• Countries comprise of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Bahrain, Qatar, and others• Countries are very rich in oil
South West AsiaCountry Capital Area Currency Dominant Form of Population Language Religion GovernmentAfghanistan Kabul 647,500 sq. Bahrain Sunni, Shi’a In Transition 26,813,057 Pashtu, km Dinar Muslim Afghan,Islamic State EnglishofAfghanistanBahrain Manama 620 sq. km Bahrain Sunni, Shi’a Constitutional 645,361 Arabic, Dinar Muslim Monarchy Urdu, Farsi,State of EnglishBahrainCyprus Nicosia 9,250 sq. km Cypriot Muslim, Republic 762,867 Greek, Pound Maronite, Turkish,Republic of Greek, EnglishCyprus OrthodoxIran Tehran 1,648,000 Iranian Rial Shi’a Muslim, Islamic 66,128,965 Perian, sq. km Jewish Republic Turkish,Islamic EnglishRepublic ofIranIraq Baghdad 437,072 sq. Iraqui Dinar Muslim, Republic 23,331,985 Arabic, km Christian KurticRepublic ofIraq
Lebanon Beirut 4,036 sq mi Lebanese Sunni, Republic 4,224,000 Arabic Pound Shiites,Republic of Christians,Lebanon DruzeOman Muscat 119,498 sq m Omani Riyal Ibadhi, Unitary Islamic 2,773,479 Swahili,Sultanate of i Sunni, Shiites Absolute FrenchOman MonarchyQatar Doha 4,416 sq mi Riyal Islam, Absolute 1,853,563 Arabic, Gulf Muslim, Monarchy ArabicState of ChristianityQatarUnited Arab Abu Dhabi 32,278 sq mi UAE Dirham Islam Constitutional 8,264,070 Arabic, Gulf,Emirates federation of Shihi, Soqotri absolute monarchies with an executive president elected by Emir Council amongst themselvesYemen Sana’a 203,796 sq m Yemeni Riyal Sunni, Shiite Unitary 25,130,000 Modern i Parliamentary StandardRepublic of Republic ArabicYemenIsrael Jerusalem 8,522 sq mi New Shekel Jews, Unitary 7,900,600 Hebrew, Christians, parliamentary ArabicState of Muslims and constitutionalIsrael Bahais republic
Saudi Riyadh 870,000 sq Saudi Riyal Islam, United 28,376,355 ArabianArabia mi Christianity Islamic Arabic, , Hinduism AbsoluteKingdom Monarchyof SaudiArabiaTurkey Ankara 302,535 sq Turkish Lira No official Parliamentar 74,724,269 Turksh mi Religion y RepublicRepublicof TurkeyKuwait Kuwait City 6,880 sq mi Kuwait Muslim, Unitary 3,566,437 Modern Dinar Hindu, Hereditary StandardState of Christianity and ArabicKuwait Constitution al MonarchySyria Damascus 71,479 sq Syrian Lira Islam Unitary 22,530,746 Arabic mi semi-Syrian presidentialArab constitutionRepublic al republicJordan Amman 35,637 sq Jordanian Islam Constitution 6,508,271 Jordanian mi Dinar al Monarchy ArabicHashemiteKingdomof Jordan
• A region of Asia coextensive with the Far East.• Across the endless wastes have roamed the herds belonging to the people of the north–the Mongols, the Turks, the Tartars, the Tungus, the Huns.
EAST ASIACountry Capital Area Currency Dominant Form of Population Language Religion GovernmentChina Beijing 9,596,960 sq. Yuan Daoism, Communist 1,273,111,290 Mandarin, km Buddhism Party-led State Chinese,People’s Minbelrepublic ofChinaNorth Korea P’yongyang 120,540 sq. North Korea Buddhism, Communist 21,968,228 Korean km Won Confucianis StateDEM, mPeople’sRepublic ofKoreaSouth Korea Seoul 98,480 sq. South Christian, Republic 47,904,370 Korean, km Korean Won Buddhism EnglishRepublic ofKoreaJapan Tokyo 377,835 sq. Yen Buddhism, Constitutional 126,771,662 Japanese km Shintoism MonarchyMongolia Ulaanbaatar 1,565,000 sq. Togrog/Tugri Buddhism, Parliamentary 2,654,999 Khalka km k Tibetan Mongol,Mongolian’s TurkicPeopleRepublicTaiwan Taipei 35,980 sq. New Christian, Democratic 22,370,461 Taiwanese km Taiwanese Buddhism StateRepublic of DollarChina
• Southeast Asia has two major geographic parts.• One is the mainland region.• The mainland has lots of mountain ranges running North to South with river valleys between them. The mountains are heavily forested and hard to pass through so the people of the various valleys were pretty well isolated from one another.
SOUTH-EAST ASIACountry Capital Area Currency Dominant Form of Population Language Religion GovernmentBrunei Bandar Seri 5,770 sq. km Brunei Dollar Islam Independen 343,653 Malay, Begawan t Sultanate English,State of ChineseBruneiDarussalamMyanmar Rangoon 678,500 sq. Kyat Buddhism, Military 41,994,678 Burmese km Christian,Union of Muslim,Myanmar AnimismCambodia Phnom Penh 181,040 sq. Riel Therabada Constitution 12,491,501 Khmer, km Buddhism al Monarchy FrenchKingdom ofCambodiaIndonesia Jakarta 1,919,440 sq. Indonesian Islam, Republic 228,437,870 Javanese, km Rupiah Hinduism, English,Republic of Buddhism, Bahasa,Indonesia Roman Dutch CatholicSingapore Singapore 647.5 sq. km Singaporea Buddhism, Parliamentar 4,300,419 Chinese, n Dollar Muslim y Republic MalayRepublic ofSingapore
Laos Vientiane 236,800 sq. Kip Buddhism, Communist 5,635,967 Lao, French km Animism StateLao People’sDEM,RepublicThailand Bangkok 514,000 sq. Baht Buddhism, Constitution 61,797,751 Thai, English km Christian al MonarchyRepublic ofThailandMalaysia Kuala 329,750 sq. Ringgit Buddhism, Constitution 22,229,040 Bahasa, Lumpur km Daoism, al Monarchy Melayu Islam, ChristianEast Timor Dili 15,007 sq. km U.S. Dollars Roman Republic 1,019,252 Portugese Catholic TetumDemocraticRepublic ofTimor-LestePhilippines Manila 300,000 sq. Philippine Catholic, Republic 82,841,516 Filipino, km Peso Protestant, EnglishRepublic of Muslim,the BuddhismPhilippinesVietnam Hanoi 329,560 sq. Dong Buddhism, Communist 79,939,014 Vietnamese, km Hoahao, State EnglishSocialist Caodai,Republic of ChristianVietnam
• extends from the Caspian Sea in the west to the border of western China in the east.• It is bounded on the north by Russia and on the south by Iran, Afghanistan, and China.• About 60 percent of the region consists of desert land, the principal deserts being the Karakum, occupying most of Turkmenistan, and the Kyzylkum, covering much of western Uzbekistan.
CENTRAL ASIA Country Capital Area Currency Dominant Form of Population Language Religion Government Armenia Yerevan 29,800 sq. Dram Armenian Republic 3,336,100 Armenian, km Orthodox RussianRepublic of ArmeniaAzerbaijan Baku (Baki) 86,600 sq. Manat Russian Republic 7,771,092 Azerbaijani, km Orthodox Russian,Azerbaijan Armenian Republic Georgia Tbilisi 69,700 sq. Lari Georgian Republic 4,989,285 Georgian km OrthodoxRepublic of GeorgiaKazakhstan Astana 2,717,300 sq. Tenge Muslim, Republic 16,731,303 Ukrainian, km Protestant Kazakh,Republic of RussianKazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 198,500 sq. Kyrgyztani Muslim, Republic 4,753,003 Kirghiz, km Som Russian Russian Kyrgyz Orthodox Republic Tajikistan Dusharbe 143,100 sq. Somoni Muslim Republic 6,578,681 Tajik, Russian kmRepublic of TajikistanTurkmenistan Ashgabat 488,100 sq. Turkmen Sunni Muslim Republic 4,603,244 Turkmen, km Manat Russian Republic ofTurkmenistan Uzbekistan Tashkent 477,400 sq. Uzbekistani Sunni Muslim Republic 25,155,064 Uzbek, Tajik, km Som RussianRepublic ofUzbekistan
• India is the largest single nation of South Asia. Its currently twenty-four states exhibit a cultural diversity comparable to that seen among the nations of Europe.• The Tibetan highlands also form part of the region. Stretching some 1,800 miles from north to south, and almost the same distance from west to east, the area is home to an ancient and diverse group of cultures.
SOUTH ASIACountry Capital Area Currency Dominant Governm Populatio Languag Religion ent n eBanglade Dhaka 144,000 Dhaka Islam, Parliame 131,269,8 Bangla, sh sq. km Hinduism ntary 60 English DemocraPeople’s cyRepublic ofBanglade sh Bhutan Thimpu 47,000 sq. Ngultrum, Lamaistic Monarch 2,049,412 Dzongkh km Indian , Buddhist y a,Kingdom Rupee Nepaleseof Bhutan India New 3,287,590 Indian Hindu, Federal 1,029,991, Hindu, Delhi sq. km Rupee Islam, Republic 145 Bengali,Republic Buddhist English of India
Maldives Male 300 sq, Rutiyaa Sunni Republic 310,764 Divehi, km Muslim EnglishRepublic ofMaldives Nepal Kathman 140,800 Nepal Buddhist, Parliame 25,284,46 Nepali. du sq. km Rupee Hinduism ntary 3 EnglishKingdom Democraof Nepal cyPakistan Islamaba 803,940 Pakistani Muslim, Federal 144,616,6 Punjabi, d sq. km Rupee Christian, Republic 39 Sindhi, Islamic Hindu EnglishRepublic ofPakistanSri Lanka Colombo 65,610 sq. Sri Buddhist, Republic 19,408,63 Sinhala, km Lankan Hinduism, 5 Tamil Dem. Rupee Christian, Soc. MuslimRepublic of Sri Lanka
II. FACTS ABOUT ASIA:• Distinct Characteristics• Facts (highest point, lowest point, etc.)• Physical Geography• Main physical features• Climate• Important landforms and bodies of water• Way of Life• Economic Activities
DISTINCT CHARACTERISTICS:• Asia is the worlds largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earths total surface area (or 30% of its land area) and with approximately 3.9 billion people, it hosts 60% of the worlds current human population. During the 20th century Asias population nearly quadrupled.• Asia is the largest continent by landmass and covers 8.6% of the Earths surface . The land area of Asia is actually larger than the land area of the moon. (44.6K sq km – 37k sq km respectively)
FACTS: • Highest Point: Mt. Everest (Kathmandu, Nepal) • Lowest Point: Dead Sea (Jordan) • Largest Country by Area: Russia (17, 098, 242 sq. km) • Largest Country by Population: (1, 336, 718, 015) • Largest Metropolitan Area: Tokyo, Japan (37, 370, 064, 2010 Calculation)
• Lowest River: Yangtze River in China (6,300 km)• Largest Desert: Gobi Desert (Mongolia/China) (1,500 km)• Largest Lake: Caspian Sea (3,626,000 km)
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF ASIA• The geography of Asia is astounding: approximately one- third of the earth’s population lives in Asia. Asia also covers one-third of the earth’s land. It is said that the total landmass of Asia is larger than the total area of the moon.
• Part of the reason Asia is so unique is due to its physical geography. Tectonic plate movements shaped its massive mountains and volcanic activity millions of years ago and it produced thousands of islands in the Pacific Ocean.
MAIN GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES:• The mean elevation of the continent is 950 m (3,117 ft.), the highest of any in the world. The plateau and mountainous areas broadly sweep SW-NW across Asia, climaxing in the high Tibetan Plateau, rising to the highest peaks in the world in the Himalaya.
CLIMATE: • Climate- Encompasses the statistics of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, precipitation, atmospheric particle count and other meteorological elemental measurements in a given region over long periods. • Asia stretches about 5,000 miles from north of the Arctic Circle to south of the equator. From east to west Asia stretches nearly halfway around the world. This vast area has many different kinds of climate. Asia has some of the coldest and some of the hottest, some of the wettest and some of the driest places on earth. • The climate of Asia varies according to location and physical geography.
TYPES OF CLIMATE: • Deciduous forest - Four distinct seasons with warm summers and cold, wet winters. The trees shed their leaves in autumn. • Coniferous forest - Also known as Taiga, cold and dry with snowy winters and warmer summers. • Alpine/mountain - Cold, windy and snowy. It is winter from October to May with temperatures below freezing, while summer is from June to September where the temperature can reach 15°C. • Rainforest - High temperatures and high rainfall throughout the year. • Desert - Warm to high temperatures with very little rainfall. • Tundra - This area is characterized by a layer of permafrost (soil that has remained below freezing for at least two years. Winters are very cold, summers are warm and there is little rainfall. • Grassland - Hot summers and cold winters with above average rainfall. • Savanna - Very high temperatures all year and rain during the summer season only.
IMPORTANT LANDFORMS ANDBODIES OF WATER:• Asia covers 29.9% of the land area of the earth• Asia’s boundaries extend from the Suez Canal and Ural Mountains in the west, to the south of the Caucasus Mountains and Caspian and Black Seas. Also to the South is the Indian Ocean, to the North the Arctic Ocean and to the Far East the Pacific Ocean.• Asia is the largest continent by landmass and covers 8.6% of the Earths surface . The land area of Asia is actually larger than the land area of the moon. (44.6K sq km – 37k sq km respectively)
WAY OF LIFE:• Asia’s lifestyle includes their livelihood, culture and traditions. As for livelihood, most Asian countries make a living by agriculture, meaning farming, fishing, and hunting. The products, like rice, corn, fish, and the like are also exported in other countries. Mining is also another way of Asia’s means of livelihood and so is migration. Through migration, countries in Asia get remittances.• As towards Asia’s culture and traditions, each country in Asia has its own uniqueness. May it be tradition on how to celebrate festivities, weddings, and other rituals. For instance, Asians also value family very much. Asians has a deep sense of family and respect the many generations of the family. Religion deeply affects the daily lives of people in Asia, both through its commandments and its influence on their outlook on life.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES • Until the start of the 20th century, subsistence agriculture was the basic economic activity of most of Asia. Commercial agriculture, mining, and manufacturing were found in areas colonized or strongly influenced by Europeans.
AGRICULTURE:• by far the most important economic activity in Asia. Almost 60 per cent of the continents working population is engaged in farming. Farmers cultivate, either continuously or intermittently, one-sixth of Asias total land area. The land they use for livestock grazing accounts for an additional one-fifth.• In Communist-ruled Asia—China, Mongolia, North Korea, and Vietnam—most agricultural lands are organized into large, state- controlled and state-owned units such as cooperatives, state farms, and collectives.
• Asia is largely a continent of so-called "developing" or "third world" nations, with Japan the most notable exception. Japan is Asias leading manufacturing nation. It is a world leader in the production of iron and steel, transportation equipment, photographic equipment, and electronic goods. Exports are usually high in value in comparison to their bulk. Examples include automobiles, cameras, and radio and television sets. Japan is the only major Asian nation to have a predominantly urban population employed mainly in manufacturing and commerce.
• Fossil fuels are Asias most important mineral products. Southwestern Asia, especially the area around the Persian Gulf, produces about one-fourth of the worlds yearly output of petroleum, nearly all of it for export. Malaysia and Indonesia are also important exporters of petroleum. In many cases, natural gas is produced along with petroleum. Large amounts of oil and gas also come from fields in Kazakhstan, Siberia, and eastern China.• Asia is the primary source of much of the worlds tin and graphite. Gold, nickel, and platinum and related metals are found in Siberia and precious gems—rubies and sapphires—in Sri Lanka and Burma. Among the many other minerals produced are tungsten, lead, manganese, copper, and bauxite, as well as phosphates and numerous other nonmetallic minerals.
• Fishing is an important activity in Asia. Most of the catch is used for human food; relatively little is processed for livestock feed, fertilizer, or industrial use. The people of southern and eastern Asia depend on fish and shellfish for a large part of the protein in their diet. The major fishing nations of Asia include Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Thailand and South Korea. Asiatic Russias catch is also important.
SOUTH-WEST:Afghanistan United Arab EmiratesBahrain YemenCyprus IsraelIran Saudi ArabiaIraq TurkeyLebanon KuwaitOman SyriaQatar Jordan
FORMAL COSTUME:WHEN VISITING HOLY SITES ORRELIGIOUS NEIGHBORHOODS,WOMEN SHOULD WEAR SKIRTSAND LONG SLEEVES, AND MENSHOULD WEAR LONG PANTS.
EAST ASIA: China North Korea South Korea Japan Mongolia Taiwan
CHINA:• Ni Hao Ma!• Great Wall of China • a collection of short walls that often follow the crest of hills on the southern edge of the Mongolian plain • designed to keep Mongol nomads out • were built of earth and stones in • wood frames• Roast Duck • Peking Duck• Chinese New Year • most elaborate, colorful, and important
• Hanfu (Chinese Traditional Clothing) • Festivals, coming of age, hobbyist, Confucian or Buddhist monks.
SOUTH KOREA:• Annyeonghaseyo!• Kimchi (food) • Served at almost every meal • Spicy• Kimbap (food) • To-go meal • Sold everywhere • Rolled in seaweed with various Fillings• Chuseok (festival) • is by far the biggest and most • important holiday in Korea.
JAPAN:• Konnichiwa!• Tokyo ("Eastern Capital") • Japans capital and the worlds • most populous metropolis • was known as Edo • Shopping, entertainment, • culture and dining• Sushi• Onigiri • rice balls, usually with tasty filling. • To-go food
• Kimono (traditional costume) • "kimono", which literally means a ―thing to wear" • worn on festivals, weddings, funerals, etc.
SOUTH-EAST ASIA: Brunei Thailand Myanmar Malaysia Cambodia East Timor Indonesia Philippines Singapore Vietnam Laos
THAILAND:―Land of smiles‖ Customs:Swasdee~Tourist Spot:Chiang Rai (785 km) Formal Costume:Cuisine: Tom Yam Kung (SpicyShrimp Soup), Phat Thai (FriedNoodles of Thai Style)Festival: Dragon and lion dancefestival
PHILIPPINES: Pearl of The Orient SeasTourist Spots:• Banaue Rice Terraces -- Lone District, Ifugao, CAR Luzon, Philippines• Tubbataha Reefs -- Sulu Sea, southeast of Puerto Princesa City, Palawan Province• Fort Santiago -- Intramuros, Manila, PhilippinesCuisine:• Adobo• Sinigang• Lechon
Festivals:• Ati-Atihan Festival in Kalibo, Aklan - January• Pintados de Passi of Passi City, Iloilo – March• Kadayawan Festival of Davao - AugustFormal Costume:• Barong Tagalog• Mestiza• Maria Clara dress
CENTRAL ASIA:Armenia KyrgyzstanAzerbaijan TajikistanGeorgia TurkmenistanKazakhstan Uzbekistan
KAZAKHSTAN:Tourist Spot: Festival:TamgalyCuisine: Khan Tengri Mountainkumys (fermented mares Festival.milk), shubat (fermentedcamels milk) or airan(fermented cows milk),then to tea with milk or Customs:cream, baursaks (frieddough balls), raisins,irimshik (dried cheeseballs), kurt (dried cheese Formal costume:and whey).
SOUTH ASIA:Bangladesh NepalBhutan PakistanIndia Sri Lanka Maldives
NEPAL: Namaste~Tourist Spots:• Durbar Square (UNESCO World Heritage Site)• Mount EverestFamous foods:• Kinema (fermented soybean)• Khir and Dhakane( milk pudding)
Festival:• Gaijatra (processi on of the cows)Formal Costume:• Daura-Suruwal and Dhaka Topi (cap) for men• Sari(unstitch cloth) and Cholo for women.
INDIA:Mubarak ho~Tourist Spots:Taj Mahal (One of the newseven wonders of the world;Heritage Site)Jaipur (―Pink City‖)Cuisine:BengaliGujarati
Festivals:• Diwali• Holi (festival of colors)Formal costume:• Women: Ghagra Choli - the traditional clothing of women• Men: Lungi - also known as sarong