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January 2012 Binge Drinking Nationwide Problem, Local Solutions 1 in 6 New estimates show that binge drinking* is aMore than 38 million US bigger problem than previously thought. Moreadults binge drink. than 38 million US adults binge drink, about 4 times a month, and the largest number of drinks per binge is on average 8. This behavior greatly increases the chances of getting hurt or hurting others due to car crashes, violence, and suicide. Drinking too much, including 4X binge drinking, causes 80,000 deaths in the US each year and in 2006 cost the economy $223.5 billion. Binge drinking is a problemBinge drinkers do so in all states, even in states with fewer bingeabout 4 times a month. drinkers, because they are binging more often and in larger amounts. *Binge drinking means men drinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks within a short period of time or women drinking 4 or more drinks within a short period of time. Learn what your community can do to reduce binge drinking.8 See page 4 Want to learn more? VisitThe largest number of drinksper binge is on average 8. www http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Division of Adult and Community Health 1
Binge drinking is a dangerous and costlyProblem public health issue Binge drinking is a bigger problem Binge drinking costs everyone. than we thought. ◊◊Drinking too much, including binge drinking, ◊◊ Binge drinking is about more than just the costs $746 per person, or $1.90 a drink, in the number of binge drinkers. The amount and US in 2006. These costs include health care number of times binge drinkers drink are also expenses, crime, and lost productivity. important to address. ◊◊Binge drinking cost federal, state, and local • Age group with most binge drinkers: governments about 62¢ per drink in 2006, 18-34 years while federal and state income from taxes on • Age group that binge drinks most often: alcohol totaled only about 12¢ cents per drink. 65+ years ◊◊Drinking too much contributes to over 54 • Income group with most binge drinkers: different injuries and diseases, including car more than $75,000 crashes, violence, and sexually-transmitted diseases. • Income group that binge drinks the most often and drinks the most per binge: ◊◊The chance of getting sick and dying from less than $25,000 alcohol problems increases significantly for those who binge drink more often and drink ◊◊ Most alcohol-impaired drivers binge drink. more when they do. ◊◊ Most people who binge drink are not alcohol dependent or alcoholics. ◊◊ More than half of the alcohol adults drink is while binge drinking. More than 90% of the alcohol youth drink is while binge drinking. Motor Vehicle Crashes Violence Against Others Spread of HIV and Sexually-Transmitted Binge drinking Diseases (STDs) can lead to Unplanned Pregnancy Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Alcohol Dependence 2
How many people drink? How much? How often? Income less Income more than $25,000 than $75,000 Percent of US adults who binge drink 16.2% 20.2% Average number of monthly binges 5.0 3.7 Average largest number of drinks consumed per binge 8.5 7.2US State Info Percent of adults who binge drink AK WA MT ND ME OR MN VT NH Binge drinking varies from state to state, ID WI SD NY MAHI WY MI CT RI and estimates of adults who binge drink IA PA NE NV UT IL IN OH DE NJ D.C. range from 10.9% in Utah to 25.6% CA CO WV MD KS MO KY VA in Wisconsin. Binge drinking is most NC AZ OK AR TN common in the Midwest, New England, NM SC 10.9% - 16.7% MS AL GA the District of Columbia, Alaska, 16.8% - 18.6% and Hawaii. TX LA FL 18.7% - 25.6% Data Unavailable The average largest number of drinks within a short period of time among binge drinkers ranges from 6 drinks in the District of Columbia to 9 drinks in Wisconsin. The largest number of drinks The average largest number of drinks consumed consumed by binge drinkers is highest by binge drinkers on an occasion in the Midwest and southern Mountain AK WA states (Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, and MT ND ME OR MN VT Utah), and some states such as Louisiana, NH IDHI WY SD WI MI NY MA Mississippi, and South Carolina where RI CT NV NE IA PA NJ binge drinking is less common. UT OH DE IL IN D.C. CA CO WV MD KS VA MO KY NC AZ TN OK NM AR SC 6.0 - 7.1 GA MS AL 7.2 - 7.7 TX LA FL 7.8 - 9.0 Data Unavailable 3 SOURCE: 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Combined Landline and Cell Phone Developmental Dataset, Adults Aged 18 and Older, US
What Can Be DoneEveryone can help prevent binge drinking. US Government can Doctors, nurses and other providers can ◊◊Collaborate with states and communities to support effective community strategies to ◊◊Recognize that drinking too much causes prevent binge drinking strategies such as those 80,000 deaths in the US each year and recommended by the Community Guide.* contributes to over 54 different injuries and diseases. ◊◊Assist states and communities in tracking how many people binge drink, how often, and how ◊◊Recognize that most binge drinkers are not much they drink when they binge. alcohol dependent or alcoholics. ◊◊Help states and communities track and ◊◊Support effective community strategies understand the laws and regulations that to prevent binge drinking such as those control the marketing and sale of alcohol. recommended by the Community Guide.* ◊◊Work with states and communities to ◊◊Screen patients for binge drinking and advise determine whether prevention strategies are those who do to reduce their use. More working. information can be found at http://www. uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/ States and communities can uspsdrin.htm. ◊◊Implement effective community strategies to prevent binge drinking such as those People can recommended by the Community Guide.* ◊◊Choose not to binge drink themselves and help ◊◊Routinely track and report how many people others not to do it. binge drink, how often, and how much they drink when they binge. ◊◊Drink in moderation if they do drink. The US Dietary Guidelines on alcohol consumption ◊◊Develop community coalitions that build recommend no more than 1 drink per day for partnerships among schools, community- and women and no more than 2 drinks per day for faith-based organizations, law enforcement, men. Pregnant women and underage youth health care, and public health agencies to should not drink alcohol. reduce binge drinking. For more information, please contact ◊◊Support effective community strategies Telephone: 1-800-CDC-INFO (232-4636) to prevent binge drinking, such as those TTY: 1-888-232-6348 recommended by the Community Guide.* E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.cdc.gov ◊◊Support local control of the marketing and sale Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of alcohol. 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333 Publication date: 1/10/2012 ◊◊Support the minimum legal drinking age of 21. www http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns * The Community Guide recommendations can be found at http://www.thecommunityguide.org/alcohol.4 CS228830-B