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Observation Power Point Presentation 9 10 2010

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Example of Professional Development Workshop designed to expand upon teacher expertise, enrich the learning environment, and better understand the whole child.

Example of Professional Development Workshop designed to expand upon teacher expertise, enrich the learning environment, and better understand the whole child.


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  • 1. Observation
    Who, What, When, Where, How & why
    Presented by: Lillian Vania, MEd September 29, 2010
  • 2. Williamstown Community Preschool September 29, 2010
    Name:
    2 hours: Observation, Assessment, and Planning for Individual Need
    Presenter: Lillian Vania, MEd
    Observation
    Who, What, When, Where, How & why
  • 3. Welcome
    Observation
    Observation Exercise
    Why observe?
  • 4. The Why of Observation(Purpose or Rationale)
    The primary tool for gathering evidence and notes for later use for analyses, decisions, judgments, and evaluations. 1
    A quantitative method of measuring classroom behaviors.
    To study a specific ability or behavior.
    Provide information about children, their development, needs, talents, and their environment. 2
    Classroom observation- Purposes of Classroom Observation, Limitations of Classroom Observations: Students research teachers teaching observational found classroom behaviors
    www.newchildcare.co.uk/rationale.html
  • 5. The rationale for child observation is to:
    Learn more about:
    Child development:
    Areas: social, emotional, cognitive, physical
    Sequence: sit, stand, walk, run,
    Milestones: age range
    The individual child:
    Identifying the individual child’s stage of development
    The range of the individual’s development within the group
    The child’s individual needs, personality, and talents
    The child’s health
    Children’s behavior and effective ways to manage behavior
    How children learn
    Identifying sensory or physical difficulties
    Developing and maintaining a safe and stimulating environment
    The Why of Observation(Purpose or Rationale)
    The rationale for child observation is to:
    Provide information for:
    Written documentation about the development of an individual child
    Formal assessment of a child’s learning:
    Forerunners
    Emerging skills
    Moving through stages as school year progresses
    Planning curriculum
  • 6. Children
    Child: [chahyld] noun, plural chil·dren
    a person between birth and full growth; a boy or girl
    The most rapid phase of a child’s development occurs in their first five years of life. These early years are when the brain grows the most: 85% of children’s core brain structure is developed by the age of four.
    This provides the foundation for children’s future health, academic success, and social and emotional well being.
    The Who of Observation
    www.childrennow.org
  • 7. The Where of Observation
    Environment
    Thinking critically about your environment
    Where does observation occur?
    Does your environment always provide you with what you need to see?
    What are changes you have done to your environment to foster observation?
  • 8. How do you know what to observe?
    Scripted or Required
    Creative Curriculum Developmental Continuum
    Unscripted
    Intuitive
    Do these two approaches of what to observe work together or separately?
    Picture Exercise
    What are you observing in the picture that fits on the continuum?
    What else are you observing in the picture that does not fit on the continuum?
    Why is unscripted observation important?
    The What of Observation
  • 9. Observe from a distance without the child knowing they are being observed.
    Avoid making assumptions
    Which statement is correct?
    Annie never shares.
    Annie has difficulty sharing.
    Quick note card exercise:
    Write down an assumption statement/ pass it to your left/ rewrite the sentence to remove the assumption/ share with group
    Avoid labels
    Avoid conclusions you are not qualified to make
    Do not compare children. Remember they develop at different rates
    Be objective
    Objective observations state the facts.
    It can be difficult to remain objective ( we are human, after all)
    Do not be subjective
    Subjective observations state an opinion of the observer
    Identify diversity: children’s talents and needs to succeed in an educational setting
    The How of Observation
  • 10. Planned Observation
    Choosing when to observe “piggybacks” on the previous concept of scripted versus unscripted observation.
    Schedule ahead of time and addresses: who, what, why, where, and when
    Develop a routine and system:
    For example:
    Method used to track outcomes to input data into creativecurriculum.net
    Method used to collect and file paperwork for portfolios
    Prompts may be used to spur a purposeful action on the parts of the children.
    For example:
    Putting specific fine motor activities on tables during center time
    Hands on activities often found in an early educational setting
    Prompts have clear value toward assessing achievement via the quality of the skills demonstrated or questions and explanations vocalized by the children as they progress through a task.3
    The When of Observation(Planned and Spontaneous Observation)
    3. The Eliciting Prompt: Initiating Student Questioning via Spontaneous Observation: LearningLeads, 2004 Designed Instruction, LLC, http://www.designedinstruction.com/learningleads/eliciting-prompt.pdf
  • 11. Spontaneous Observation
    Choosing when to observe “piggybacks” on the previous concept of scripted versus unscripted observation.
    Group discussion:
    When does spontaneous observation occur?
    How does spontaneous observation influence planned observation?
    What is the end result of these four concepts?
    Scripted
    Unscripted or intuitive
    Planned Observation
    Spontaneous observation
    Understanding of the whole child
    Assessment
    Communication with parents
    The When of Observation(Planned and Spontaneous Observation)
  • 12. The Next Step: Assessment
    What do we do with all of this information gathered during observations?
    Communicate learning and growth of child to parents
    This is the focus for the 2nd workshop on October 13th
    Quick overview of workshop
    Purpose of assessment
    Types of assessment
    Narrative
    Portfolio or Work Sampling
    Reporting assessment
    Required format
    Expanding upon the required format
    Who is my audience?
    Is the audience homogeneous or heterogeneous?
    What does my audience already know?
    Developmental milestones versus chronological age
    Next step: Child Study
    Using observation, assessment, and teacher expertise to describe children in full and balanced ways. A focus on a complex approach of understanding complex human beings; the children who enter our classrooms everyday.