How open is public data agi 2011-13Presentation Transcript
How Open is Public Data? Dr Gesche Schmid Head of Geographic Information Policy [email_address] Presented at:
Coalition Government: Data Transparency
To enable the public to hold politicians and public bodies to account
To reduce the deficit and deliver better value for money in public spending
To realize significant economic benefits by enabling businesses and non-profit organisations to build innovative applications and websites using public data.
What is Open Public Data?
" Public Data " is the objective, factual, non-personal data on which public services run and are assessed, on which policy decisions are based, or which is collected or generated in the course of public service delivery.
released under the same open licence which enables free reuse
available and easy to find through a single easy to use online access point ( data.gov.uk )
published using open standards and in reusable form for others to use
timely and fine grained
Public bodies should
actively encourage the re-use of their public data
maintain and publish inventories of their data holdings
release data quickly, and then re-publish it in linked data form
Nigel Shadbolt Tim Berners-Lee Rufus Pollock Tom Steinberg
Open Data consultation
The Open Data consultation paper sets out Government’s proposed approach for Transparency and Open Data Strategy, which is aimed at establishing a culture of openness and transparency in public services.
We want to hear from everyone – citizens, businesses, public services themselves, and other interest groups – on how we can best embed a culture of openness and transparency in our public services. The consultation closes on 27 October 2011.
Data Transparency: Why open public data?
Improve local accountability
Lead to greater choice and informed choice
Power economic growth
Give users more power to self serve (social growth)
Improve productivity through better consistent and comparable data (better quality)
Legislation and Policies: What should/can be released and how
Access to data: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), Environmental Information Regulation (EIR), Data Protection Act (DPA),
Reuse of data: Reuse of Public Sector Information Regulation (RPSI)
Technical standards framework for location data (INSPIRE) to facilitate the access and sharing of data.
Data transparency (Making open data real, Code of practice on transparency, Data policy for a public data corporation)
Open Data consultation on
Enhance the Right to data to reuse (FOI, EIR)
Set transparency standards (machine readable and linked data as the goal)
Hold bodies to account for delivering open data
Ensure collection and publication of the most useful data (meaningful data), standards set by central government
Make the working of public sector more open
Stimulate enterprise and market making in the use of open data (innovation)
Open Public Data
Examples of Open Data Use Birmingham Gritting routes based on OSM http://mappa-mercia.org/gritting-map.shtml
Examples: Use of Open data
Mapping of England riots against poverty indicator (deprivation index):
Guardian data blog, Simon Rogers: http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2011/aug/16/riots-poverty-map-suspects
London Bike App
How to make data really open
1. Make it open
No T&Cs about not using the data for commercial use, no restrictions on access.
2. Make it readable for computers
The data needs to be in a format that any computer can use
3. Make it granular
Publish the full, disaggregated data to gather the true local picture of local spending.
4. Make it quick
Just get the stuff out there. We'd rather have it as it is - and then get it revised later than have to wait months for it to be finalised.
5. Make it easy to find
There's no point hiding this stuff away. It should be easy to discover and simple to access.
(open knowledge foundation http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2010/jul/07/local-government-data )
Local Government Open Data
Barrow Borugh Council (57)
Warwickshire Borrow Council (54)
Sunderland City Council (43)
Bristol City Council (27)
Lichfield District Council (19)
East Staffordshire Borough Council (12)
East Sussex County Council (12)
What people say about Open Data Not a question of how much data to make open but how to make it open What is the return on investment? There has been little interest in OpenData from our citizen Are the opening up of data enough to meet the need of transparency and accountability? Datasets are inherently dull and are they understood by the local citizen?
Just open data or meaningful open data
Establish inventories of data so people know what is available and where to find it
Follow Open standards so that data can be combined and compared?
Requires some data quality (currency, accuracy, validity)
Else: Health Warning!
Open to Linked Data Adapted from Ian Painter Snowflake by Local Government Group
Meeting INSPIRE Compliance: From discovery to mapping Barrow Borough Council using INSPIRE compliant Open Source Web Mapping Service
Use of Open Data
Open, Linkable and Linked data: enables connections of data through the web
Mobile Technology: Access to location based information anywhere.
Apps: linking location data to local authority records such as environmental health, ratings of restaurants, recording incidences.
Licences regulates the use of data
UK Government Licence Framework (UKGLF) defines a licensing framework for the use of public data.
Open Government Licence: free commercial reuse of data with limited exceptions
Creative commons: set of licenses that permit the sharing of copyright largely for non-commercial use http://creativecommons.org/
Other licensing: operational guidance on data sharing ( http://location.defra.gov.uk/2011/08/data-sharing-operational-guidance-updated/
Third party licences define the use of data
Example Public Sector Mapping Agreement (PSMA) license: licences the use of Ordnance Survey data across the public sector
free-to-use: created independent of OS datasets and does not include OS attribute data.
Derived data: contains one or more feature contained in an OS dataset
End User License for contractors and community groups
Exemption process for derived data
Limitations on open public data
Transparency and privacy complement each other. A successful transparency programme is build on confidence of the public that their privacy is protected
De-anonymisation of large scale datasets may be possible
O’Hara argues in Transparent Government, Not Transparent Citizens for a case by case assessment of privacy
Affordability: Data is not costless
Collection (as part of services)
Prepare data for publication (extract, convert, check for personal data)