1. B Y : L A U R A G A R Z A
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Prayer in Schools
2. “One nation under God”
3. The Problem
 Many people honestly believe that prayer is
not allowed in public schools. This is wrong.
Unfortunately, this mistaken notion
sometimes extends to teachers, principals
and school boards.
4. Students opportunity to pray:
 “Prayer is allowed and in fact is a protected form
of free speech throughout the public school
 Students may pray silently during a moment of
 “Students can pray in school busses, at the flag-
pole, in student religious clubs, in the hallways,
5. Conflict over school prayer
 Some believe that to start the school day with a
prayer will create an aura of solemnity and order
among the students.
 Others believe that prayer has magical powers.
 Others feel that if the students are forced to recite a
Christian prayer each day, they will come to realize
that they live in a Christian country where the
government and its institutions support Christianity.
6. Court Rulings, Laws and Events
 1948- McCollum vs. Board of Education
 1954- Tudor vs. Board of Education
 1960 Madalyn Murray O’Hair vs. Baltimore ISD
 1962- Engel vs. Vitale
 1963 - Abington Township School vs. Schempp; Murray vs.
 2001- Public School rentals
7. Religious Rights
class. The Law
8. The Constitution allows…
 Benediction and prayers at graduation ceremonies
 Teaching religion
 Student religious clubs
 Moment of silence
 Prayer outside of school building
 School religious speech
 Teacher display of religion
11. Research Purpose
 The goal of this research it to understand what the
place of prayer is in public schools.
12. Significant Factors to Consider about School Prayer
 Prayer is not forbidden in public schools.
 There is a small minority of parents who follow
other than Christian religion and find praying
 Praying is a choice, not a requirement.
 Prayer in Schools. Retrieved from
 Robinson B.A. (2003). Religion in Public Schools.
 Robinson B.A. (2007). The Federal Equal Access Act.
Retrieved from http://www.religioustoleran.org